References in Text

Sections 1382 and 1383 of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), (2), respectively, are references to sections 1382 and 1383 of this title as they existed prior to the general revision of this subchapter by Pub. L. 92–603, title III, § 301, Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1465, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. The prior sections (which are set out as notes under sections 1382 and 1383, respectively, of this title) continue in effect for Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–183 designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, of par. (1), realigned margins, and added par. (2).

2010—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–148, § 10201(i), added subsec. (d).

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2601(b)(2)(A), inserted “(5 years, in the case of a waiver described in section 1396n(h)(2) of this title)” after “3 years”.

Subsec. (f)(6). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2601(b)(2)(B), inserted “(5 years, in the case of a waiver described in section 1396n(h)(2) of this title)” after “3 years”.

2000—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106–554 added subsec. (f).

1997—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–33 added subsec. (e).

1996—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–193, § 108(g)(2)(A), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), struck out “603,” before “655,”, substituted “, and” for period at end, and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–193, § 108(g)(2)(C), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which related to purposes, criteria and procedures applicable to establishment, participatory effect, duration and termination of demonstration projects.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–193, § 108(g)(2)(C), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104–193, § 108(g)(2)(B), substituted “part A of such subchapter” for “the program of aid to families with dependent children”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–193, § 108(g)(2)(C), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c).

1988—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–485 added subsec. (d).

1986—Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 99–272 struck out subpar. (C) relating to use of funds as are appropriated for payments to States under chapter 67 of title 31 to cover costs of salaries for individuals in public service employment.

1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–378, § 10(a)(1), substituted “part A or D of subchapter IV” for “part A of subchapter IV” in provisions preceding par. (1).

Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(e)(5), struck out “VI,” after “I,” in provisions preceding par. (1).

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98–378, § 10(a)(2), inserted “654,”.

Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(e)(5), struck out “802,” after “602,”.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98–378, § 10(a)(3), inserted “655,”.

Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(e)(5), struck out “803,” after “603,”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–378, § 10(b), added subsec. (c).

1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–35 substituted in provision preceding par. (1) “or XIX” for “XIX, or XX”, in par. (1) “or 1396a of this title” for “1396a, 1397a, 1397b, or 1397c of this title”, and in par. (2) “or 1396b of this title” for “1396b, or 1397a of this title” and in par. (2) struck out “or expenditures with respect to which payment shall be made under section 1397a of this title,” before “as may be appropriate”.

1977—Pub. L. 95–216 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and existing pars. (a) and (b) thereof as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and added subsec. (b).

1975—Pub. L. 93–647, § 3(c)(1), substituted “XIX, or XX” for “or XIX”.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–647, § 3(c)(2), inserted references to sections 1397a, 1397b, and 1397c.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93–647, § 3(c)(3), (4), substituted “1396b, or 1397a” for “1396b”, and inserted “or expenditures with respect to which payment shall be made under section 1397a of this title” after “administration of such State plan or plans,”.

1973—Pub. L. 93–233 inserted references in text preceding subsec. (a) to subchapter VI of this chapter, in subsec. (a) to section 802 of this title, and in subsec. (b) to section 803 of this title.

1968—Pub. L. 90–248, § 241(c)(4), in opening phrase struck out “IV,” after “I,” and inserted “, or part A of subchapter IV,” after “XIX”.

Pub. L. 90–248, § 247, substituted in second sentence “$4,000,000” for “$2,000,000” and “beginning after June 30, 1967” for “ending prior to July 1, 1968”.

1967—Pub. L. 90–36 substituted “July 1, 1968” for “July 1, 1967”.

1965—Pub. L. 89–97 included in enumeration in opening phrase, and cls. (a) and (b), subchapter XIX of this chapter, and sections 1396a and 1396b of this title, respectively.

Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(6) [title VII, § 703(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–575, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to requests for extensions of demonstration projects pending or submitted on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 21, 2000].”

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–33, title IV, § 4757(b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 528, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to demonstration projects initially approved before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–193 effective July 1, 1997, with transition rules relating to State options to accelerate such date, rules relating to claims, actions, and proceedings commenced before such date, rules relating to closing out of accounts for terminated or substantially modified programs and continuance in office of Assistant Secretary for Family Support, and provisions relating to termination of entitlement under AFDC program, see section 116 of Pub. L. 104–193, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 601 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–272 effective Oct. 18, 1986, see Pub. L. 99–272, title XIV, § 14001(e), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 329.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369 effective July 18, 1984, but not to be construed as changing or affecting any right, liability, status, or interpretation which existed (under the provisions of law involved) before that date, see section 2664(b) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35 effective Oct. 1, 1981, except as otherwise explicitly provided, see section 2354 of Pub. L. 97–35, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1397 of this title.

Effective Date of 1975 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–647 effective with respect to payments under sections 603 and 803 of this title for quarters commencing after Sept. 30, 1975, see section 7(b) of Pub. L. 93–647, set out as a note under section 303 of this title.

Effective Date of 1973 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–233 effective on and after Jan. 1, 1974, see section 18(z–2)(2) of Pub. L. 93–233, set out as a note under section 1301 of this title.

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 121(c)(3), July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 352, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Jan. 1, 1966.

Guidance on Opportunities for Innovation

Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title XII, § 12003, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1273, provided that: “Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 13, 2016], the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services shall issue a State Medicaid Director letter regarding opportunities to design innovative service delivery systems, including systems for providing community-based services, for adults with a serious mental illness or children with a serious emotional disturbance who are receiving medical assistance under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.). The letter shall include opportunities for demonstration projects under section 1115 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1315) to improve care for such adults and children.”

Family Support Demonstration Projects

Pub. L. 100–485, title V, § 501, Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2400, as amended by Pub. L. 103–432, title II, § 262, Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4467, provided that:

“(a)
Demonstration Projects To Test the Effect of Early Childhood Development Programs.—
(1)
In order to test the effect of in-home early childhood development programs and pre-school center-based development programs (emphasizing the use of volunteers and including academic credit for student volunteers) on families receiving aid under State plans approved under section 402 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 602] and participating in the job opportunities and basic skills training program under part F of title IV of such Act [former 42 U.S.C. 681–687], up to 10 States may undertake and carry out demonstration projects utilizing such development programs to enhance the cognitive skills and linguistic ability of children under the age of 5, to improve the communications skills of such children, and to develop their ability to read, write, and speak the English language effectively. Such projects may include parents along with their eligible children in family-centered education programs that assist children directly in achieving the goals stated in the preceding sentence and also help parents contribute to the proper development and education of their young children. Demonstration projects under this subsection shall meet such conditions and requirements as the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall prescribe, and no such project shall be conducted for a period of more than 3 years.
“(2)
The Secretary shall consider all applications received from States desiring to conduct demonstration projects under this subsection, shall approve up to 10 applications involving projects which appear likely to contribute significantly to the achievement of the purpose of this subsection, and shall make grants to the States whose applications are approved to assist them in carrying out such projects.
“(3)
The Secretary shall submit to the Congress with respect to each project undertaken by a State under this subsection, after such project has been carried out for one year and again when such project is completed, a detailed evaluation of the project and of its contribution to the achievement of the purpose of this subsection.
“(4)
For grants to States to conduct demonstration projects under this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1995 through 1999.
“(b)
State Demonstration Projects To Encourage Innovative Education and Training Programs for Children.—
In order to encourage States to develop innovative education and training programs for children receiving aid under State plans approved under section 402 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 602], any State may establish and conduct one or more demonstration projects, targeted to such children, designed to test financial incentives and interdisciplinary approaches to reducing school dropouts, encouraging skill development, and avoiding welfare dependence; and the Secretary may make grants to States to assist in financing such projects. Demonstration projects under this subsection shall meet such conditions and requirements as the Secretary shall prescribe, and no such project shall be conducted for a period of less than one year or more than 5 years.
“(c)
Demonstrations To Ensure Long Term Family Self-Sufficiency Through Community-Based Services.—
Any State, using funds made available to it from appropriations made pursuant to subsection (d) in conjunction with its other resources, may conduct demonstrations to test more effective methods of providing coordination and services to ensure long term family self-sufficiency through community-based comprehensive family support services involving a partnership between the State agency administering or supervising the administrating of the State’s plan under section 402 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 602] and community-based organizations having experience and demonstrated effectiveness in providing services.
“(d)
Authorization of Appropriations.—
For the purpose of making grants to States to conduct demonstration projects under this section, there is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $6,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992.”

Demonstration Projects To Encourage States To Employ Parents Receiving AFDC as Paid Child Care Providers

Pub. L. 100–485, title V, § 502, Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2401, authorized Secretary of Health and Human Services to permit up to 5 States to undertake and carry out demonstration projects designed to test whether employment of parents of dependent children receiving AFDC as providers of child care for other children receiving AFDC would effectively facilitate the conduct of the job opportunities and basic skills training program under part F of title IV of this chapter by making additional child care services available to meet the requirements of section 602(g)(1)(A) of this title while affording significant numbers of families receiving such aid a realistic opportunity to avoid welfare dependence through employment as a child care provider, and authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 for grants to States to carry out such demonstration projects.

Demonstration Projects To Address Child Access Problems

Pub. L. 100–485, title V, § 504, Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2403, provided that any State could establish and conduct one or more demonstration projects (in accordance with such terms, conditions, and requirements prescribed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, except that no such project could include the withholding of aid to families with dependent children pending visitation) to develop, improve, or expand activities designed to increase compliance with child access provisions of court orders, specified activities that could be funded by a grant under this section, authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $4,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991, and directed Secretary of Health and Human Services, not later than July 1, 1992, to submit to Congress a report on the effectiveness of the demonstration projects established under this section.

Demonstration Projects To Provide Counseling and Services to High-Risk Teenagers

Pub. L. 100–485, title V, § 506, Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2405, provided that:

“(a)
Findings and Purpose.—
(1)
The Congress finds that—
“(A)
the incidences of teenage pregnancy, suicide, substance abuse, and school dropout are increasing;
“(B)
research to date has established a link between low self-esteem, perceived limited life options and the risk of teenage pregnancy, suicide, substance abuse, and school dropout;
“(C)
little data currently exists on how to improve the self-image of and expand the life options available to high-risk teenagers; and
“(D)
there currently is no Federal program in place to address the unique and significant problems faced by today’s teenagers.
“(2)
It is the purpose of the demonstration projects conducted under this section to provide programs in which a range of non-academic services (sports, recreation, the arts) and self-image counseling are provided to high-risk teenagers in order to reduce the rates of pregnancy, suicide, substance abuse, and school dropout among such teenagers.
“(b)
In General.—
The Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall enter into an agreement with each of 4 States submitting applications under this section for the purpose of conducting demonstration projects in accordance with this section to provide counseling and services to certain high-risk teenagers.
“(c)
Nature of Project.—
Under each demonstration project conducted under this section—
“(1)
The State shall establish a ‘Teen Care Plan’ that shall consist of the following:
“(A)
A clearing house where high-risk teenagers will be referred to and encouraged to participate in non-academic activities (arts, recreation, sports) which are already in place in the community.
“(B)
A survey of the area to be targeted by the project to determine the need to fund and create new non-academic activities in the area.
“(C)
Counseling services utilizing qualified, locally licensed psychologists, social psychologists, or other mental health professionals or related experts to provide individual and group counseling to participating high-risk teenagers.
“(D)
A program to provide participants in the project (to the extent practicable) with such transportation, child care, and equipment as is necessary to carry out the purposes of the project.
“(2)
The State shall designate two geographical areas within the State to be targeted by the project. One area will serve as the ‘home base’ for the project, where services will be concentrated and in which a local school system will be selected to receive services and provide facilities for resource referral and counseling. The second geographical area will serve as a ‘peripheral’ participant, receiving assistance and services from the home base.
“(3)
A high-risk teenager is any male or female who has reached the age of 10 years and whose age does not exceed 20 years, and who—
“(A)
has a history of academic problems;
“(B)
has a history of behavioral problems both in and out of school;
“(C)
comes from a one-parent household; or
“(D)
is pregnant or is a mother of a child.
“(d)
Applications; Selection Criteria.—
(1)
In selecting States to conduct demonstration projects under this section, the Secretary—
“(A)
shall consult with the Consortium on Adolescent Pregnancy;
“(B)
shall consider—
“(i)
the rate of teenage pregnancy in each State,
“(ii)
the teenage school dropout rate in each State,
“(iii)
the incidence of teenage substance abuse in each State, and
“(iv)
the incidence of teenage suicide in each State; and
“(C)
shall give priority to States whose applications—
“(i)
demonstrate a current strong State commitment aimed at reducing teenage pregnancy, suicide, drug abuse, and school dropout;
“(ii)
contain a ‘State support agreement’ signed by the Governor, the State School Commissioner, the State Department of Human Services, and the State Department of Education, pledging their commitment to the project;
“(iii)
describe facilities and services to be made available by the State to assist in carrying out the project; and
“(iv)
indicate a demonstrably high rate of alcoholism among its residents.
“(2)
Of the States selected to participate in the demonstration projects conducted under this section—
“(A)
one shall be a geographically small State with a population of less than 1,250,000;
“(B)
one shall be a State with a population of over 20,000,000; and
“(C)
two shall be States with populations of more than 1,000,000 but less than 20,000,000.
“(e)
Evaluation and Report.—
(1)
Each State conducting a demonstration project under this section shall submit to the Secretary for his approval an evaluation plan that provides for examining the effectiveness of the project in both the home base and peripheral area of the State.
“(2)
Not later than October 1, 1992, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report containing a summary of the evaluations conducted by States pursuant to the plans described in paragraph (1).
“(f)
Funding.—
(1)
Three-fifths of the total amount appropriated pursuant to this section for any fiscal year for each State conducting a demonstration project shall be expended by such State for the provision of services and facilities within the State’s designated project home base, and 5 percent of such three-fifths shall be set aside for the conduct of the State’s evaluation as provided for in subsection (e).
“(2)
Two-fifths of the total amounts appropriated pursuant to this section for any fiscal year for each State conducting a demonstration project shall be expended by such State for the provision of services and facilities within the State’s designated peripheral area, and 5 percent of such two-fifths shall be set aside for the conduct of the State’s evaluation as provided for in subsection (e).
“(g)
Duration.—
A demonstration project conducted under this section shall be commenced not later than September 30, 1989, and shall be conducted for a 3-year period; except that the Secretary may terminate a project before the end of such period if he determines that the State conducting the project is not in substantial compliance with the terms of the agreement entered into with the Secretary under this section.
“(h)
Authorization of Appropriations.—
For the purpose of funding in equal amounts each State demonstration project conducted under this section, there is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992.”

Continuation of Federal Financial Participation in Experimental, Pilot, or Demonstration Projects Approved Before October 1, 1973, for Period On-And-After December 31, 1973, Without Denial or Reduction on Account of Subchapter XVI Provisions for Supplemental Security Income for the Aged, Blind and Disabled; Waiver of Subchapter XVI Restrictions for Individuals; Federal Payments of Non-Federal Share as Supplementary Payments

Pub. L. 93–233, § 11, Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 958, provided that:

“(a)
If any State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, or Guam) has any experimental, pilot, or demonstration project (referred to in section 1115 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1315])—
“(1)
which (prior to October 1, 1973) has been approved by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’), for a period which ends on or after December 31, 1973, as being a project with respect to which the authority conferred upon him by subsection (a) or (b) of such section 1115 [42 U.S.C. 1315(a), (b)] will be exercised, and
“(2)
with respect to the costs of which Federal financial participation would (except for the provisions of this section) be denied or reduced on account of the enactment of section 301 of the Social Security Amendments of 1972 [enacting subchapter XVI of this chapter],
then, for any period (after December 31, 1973) with respect to which such project is approved by the Secretary, Federal financial participation in the costs of such project shall be continued in like manner as if—
“(3)
such section 301 [enacting subchapter XVI of this chapter] had not been enacted, and
“(4)
such State (for the month of January 1974 and any month thereafter) continued to have in effect the State plan (approved under title XVI [42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.]) which was in effect for the month of October 1973, or the State plans (approved under titles I, X, and XIV of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 301 et seq., 1201 et seq., 1351 et seq.]) which were in effect for such month, as the case may be.
“(b)
With respect to individuals—
“(1)
who are participants in any project to which the provisions of subsection (a) are applicable, and
“(2)
with respect to whom supplemental security income benefits are (or would, except for their participation in such project, be) payable under title XVI of the Social Security Act, or who meet the requirements for aid or assistance under a State plan approved under title I, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act of the State in which such project is conducted (as such State plan was in effect for July 1973),
the Secretary may waive such requirements of title XVI of such Act (as enacted by section 301 of the Social Security Amendments of 1972) to such extent as he determines to be necessary to the successful operation of such project.
“(c)
In the case of any State which has entered into an agreement with the Secretary under section 1616 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1382e] (or which is deemed, under section 212(d) of Public Law 93–66 [set out as a note under section 1382 of this title], to have entered into such an agreement), then, of the costs of any project of such State with respect to which there is (solely by reason of the provisions of subsection (a)) Federal financial participation, the non-Federal share thereof shall—
“(1)
be paid, from time to time, to such State by the Secretary, and
“(2)
shall, for purposes of section 1616(d) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1382e(d)] and section 401 of the Social Security Amendments of 1972 [set out as a note under section 1382e of this title] be treated in like manner as if such non-Federal share were supplementary payments made by the Secretary on behalf of such State pursuant to such agreement.”