- § 52b.1 - To what programs do these regulations apply?
- § 52b.2 - Definitions.
- § 52b.3 - Who is eligible to apply?
- § 52b.4 - How to apply.
- § 52b.5 - How will NIH evaluate applications?
- § 52b.6 - What is the rate of federal financial participation?
- § 52b.7 - How is the grantee obligated to use the facility?
- § 52b.8 - How will NIH monitor the use of facilities constructed with federal funds?
- § 52b.9 - What is the right of the United States to recover Federal funds when facilities are not used for research or are transferred?
- § 52b.10 - What are the terms and conditions of awards?
- § 52b.11 - What are the requirements for acquisition and modernization of existing facilities?
- § 52b.12 - What are the minimum requirements of construction and equipment?
- § 52b.13 - Additional conditions.
- § 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.
§ 52b.1 - To what programs do these regulations apply?
(a) General. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, this part applies to all grants awarded by NIH and its components for construction of new buildings and the alteration, renovation, remodeling, improvement, expansion, and repair of existing buildings, including the provision of equipment necessary to make the building (or applicable part of the building) suitable for the purpose for which it was constructed.
(b) Specific programs covered. From time to time the Director may publish a list of the construction grant programs covered by this part. The list is for informational purposes only and is not intended to restrict the statement of applicability in paragraph (a) of this section. In addition, information on particular construction grant programs, including applications and instructions, may be obtained from the component of NIH that administers the program.
(c) Specific programs excluded. The regulations of this part do not apply to minor alterations, renovations, or repairs funded under a research project grant (see part 52 of this chapter) or alterations or renovations funded under an NIH center grant (see part 52a of this chapter).
§ 52b.2 - Definitions.
As used in this part:
Act means the Public Health Service Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 201 et seq.).
Construction means the construction of new buildings or the modernization of, or the completion of shell space in, existing buildings (including the installation of fixed equipment), but excluding the cost of land acquisition and off-site improvements.
Construction grant means funds awarded for construction in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Act and this part.
Director means the Director of NIH or the director of an NIH national research institute, center, or other component of NIH, authorized to award grants for construction under the applicable provisions of the Act, and any official to whom the authority involved is delegated.
Federal share with respect to any construction project means the proportion, expressed as a percentage, of the cost of a project to be paid by a grant award under the Act.
HHS, DHHS, and Department mean the Department of Health and Human Services.
Institute means any national research institute, center, or other agency of the National Institutes of Health.
Modernization means the alteration, renovation, remodeling, improvement, expansion, and/or repair of existing buildings and the provision of equipment necessary to make the building suitable for use for the purposes of the particular program.
NIH means the National Institutes of Health and its organizational components that award construction grants.
Nonprofit as applied to any agency or institution means an agency or institution which is a corporation or an association, no part of the net earnings of which inures or may lawfully inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
Project means the particular construction activity which is supported by a grant under this part.
Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services and any official to whom the authority involved is delegated.
§ 52b.3 - Who is eligible to apply?
In order to be eligible for a construction grant under this part, the applicant must:
(a) Be a public or private nonprofit agency or institution;
(b) Be located in a state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, or the successor states of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau); and
(c) Meet any additional eligibility criteria specified in the applicable provisions of the Act.
§ 52b.4 - How to apply.
Applications for construction grants under this part shall be made at the times and in the form and manner as the Secretary may prescribe.
§ 52b.5 - How will NIH evaluate applications?
(a) In evaluating and approving applications for construction grants under this part, the Director shall take into account, among other pertinent factors, the following:
(1) The priority score assigned to the application by an NIH peer review group as described in paragraph (b) of this section;
(2) The relevance of the project for which construction is proposed to the objectives and priorities of the particular program authorized by the Act;
(3) The scientific merit of the research activities that will be carried out in the proposed facility;
(4) The scientific or professional standing or reputation of the applicant and of its existing or proposed officers and research staff;
(5) The availability, by affiliation or other association, of other scientific or health personnel and facilities to the extent necessary to carry out effectively the program proposed for the facility, including the adequacy of an acceptable biohazard control and containment program when warranted;
(6) The need for the facility and its total effects on similar or related facilities in the locale, and the need for appropriate geographic distribution of similar facilities; and
(7) The financial need of the applicant.
(b) The priority score of the application shall be based, among other pertinent factors, on the following criteria:
(1) The scientific merit of the total program and its component parts to be carried out in the facility;
(2) The administrative and leadership capabilities of the applicant's officers and staff;
(3) The organization of the applicant's research program and its relationship with the applicant's overall research programs;
(4) The anticipated effect of the project on other relevant research programs and facilities in the geographic area, and nationwide;
(5) The need for the project or additional space; and
(6) The project cost and design.
§ 52b.6 - What is the rate of federal financial participation?
(a) Unless otherwise specified by statute, the rate of federal financial participation in a construction project supported by a grant under this part shall not be more than 50 percent of the necessary allowable costs of construction as determined by the Director, except that when the Director finds good cause for waiving this limitation, the amount of the construction grant may be more than 50 percent of the necessary allowable costs of construction.
(b) Subject to paragraph (a) of this section, the Director shall set the actual rate of federal financial participation in the necessary allowable costs of construction, taking into consideration the most effective use of available federal funds to further the purposes of the applicable provisions of the Act.
§ 52b.7 - How is the grantee obligated to use the facility?
(a) The grantee shall use the facility (or that portion of the facility supported by a grant under this part) for its originally authorized purpose so long as needed for that purpose, or other period prescribed by statute, unless the grantee obtains advance approval from the Director, in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe, to use the facility for another purpose. Use for other purposes shall be limited as prescribed in § 52b.9(c)(2).
(b) The Director, in determining whether to approve an alternative use of the facility, shall take into consideration the extent to which:
(1) The facility will be used by the grantee or other owner for a purpose described in § 52b.9(c)(2); or
(2) There are reasonable assurances that alternative facilities not previously used for NIH supported research will be utilized to carry out the original purpose as prescribed in § 52b.9(c)(1).
(c) Sale or transfer. In the form and manner as the Director may prescribe, the grantee may request the Director's approval to sell the facility or transfer title to a third party eligible under § 52b.3 for continued use of the facility for an authorized purpose in accordance with paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section. If approval is permissible under the Act or other federal statute and is granted, the terms of the transfer shall provide that the transferee shall assume all the rights and obligations of the transferor set forth in 45 CFR part 75, the regulations of this part, and the other terms and conditions of the grant.
§ 52b.8 - How will NIH monitor the use of facilities constructed with federal funds?
NIH may monitor the use of each facility constructed with funds awarded under this part to ensure its continued use for the originally authorized research purpose, by means of reviewing periodic facility use certifications or reports, site visits, and other appropriate means.
§ 52b.9 - What is the right of the United States to recover Federal funds when facilities are not used for research or are transferred?
(a) If the grantee plans to cease using the facility for the particular biomedical research or training purposes for which it was constructed as required by § 52b.7 (or alternate use authorized under § 52b.7(a) or paragraph (c) of this section), or the grantee decides to sell or transfer title to an entity ineligible for a grant under § 52b.3, the grantee shall request disposition instructions from NIH in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe. Those instructions shall provide for one of the following alternatives:
(1) The facility may be sold and the grantee or transferee shall pay to the United States an amount computed by multiplying the federal share of the facility times the proceeds from the sale (after deducting the actual and reasonable selling and fix-up expenses, if any, from the sales proceeds). The sales procedures must provide for competition to the extent practicable, and be designed to provide the highest possible return;
(2) The grantee may retain title and shall pay to the United States an amount computed by multiplying the current fair market value of the facility by the federal share of the facility; or
(3) The grantee shall transfer the title to either the United States or to an eligible non-federal party approved by the Director. The grantee shall be entitled to be paid an amount computed by multiplying the current fair market value of the facility by the nonfederal share of the facility.
(b) The grantee or transferor of a facility which is sold or transferred, or the owner of a facility the use of which has changed, as described in paragraph (a) of this section, shall report that action in writing to the Director not later than 10 days from the date on which the sale, transfer, or change occurs, in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe.
(c) In lieu of disposition of a facility pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, the Director may, for good cause, supported by assurances provided by the grantee or transferee, approve one of the following alternatives:
(1) Transfer of the remaining usage obligation to facilities of substantially comparable or greater value or utility, to carry out the biomedical research or training purpose for which the grant was awarded. In this event, the remaining usage obligation shall be released from the original facility constructed with grant funds and transferred to the new facility, and the grantee shall remain subject to all other requirements imposed under this part with respect to the new facility; or
(2) Use the facility for as long as needed, in order of priority, for one of the following purposes:
(i) For other health related activities consistent with the purposes of one or more of the activities of the awarding institute as authorized under title IV or other provisions of the Act;
(ii) To provide training and instruction in the health fields for health professionals or health related information programs for the public; or
(iii) Other health related purposes consistent with one or more of the purposes authorized under the Act.
(d) The right of recovery of the United States set forth in paragraph (a) of this section shall not, prior to judgment, constitute a lien on any facility supported in whole or in part by a federal grant, including a construction grant under this part.
(e) Any amount required to be paid to the United States under this section will be paid to the awarding institute for disposition as required by law.
§ 52b.10 - What are the terms and conditions of awards?
In addition to any other requirement imposed by law or determined by the Director to be reasonably necessary to fulfill the purposes of the grant, each construction grant shall be subject to the terms and conditions and the grantee assurances required by this section, supported by such documentation as the Director may reasonably require. The Director may, by general policy or for good cause shown by an applicant, approve exceptions to these terms and conditions or assurances where the Director finds that the exceptions are consistent with the applicable provisions of the Act and the purposes of the particular program:
(a) Title. The applicant must have a fee simple or other estate or interest in the site, including necessary easements and rights-of-way, sufficient to assure for the estimated useful life of the facility, as determined by the Director, undisturbed use and possession for the purpose of the construction and operation of the facility.
(b) Plans and specifications. Approval by the Director of the final working drawings, specifications, and cost estimates must be obtained before the project is advertised or placed on the market for bidding. The approval must include a determination by the Director that the final plans and specifications conform to the minimum standards of construction and equipment as set forth in § 52b.12.
(c) Relocation assistance. An applicant with an approved project which involves the displacement of persons or businesses shall comply with the provisions of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.) and the applicable regulations issued under that Act (45 CFR part 15; 49 CFR part 24).
(d) Approval of changes in estimated cost. Unless approved by the Director, the applicant shall not enter into any construction contracts for the project or a part of the project, the cost of which exceeds the estimated cost approved in the terms of an award for that portion of the work covered by the plans and specifications. Exceptions shall be requested in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe.
(e) Completion responsibility. The applicant must construct the project, or cause it to be constructed, to final completion in accordance with the grant application, the terms and conditions of the award, and the approved plans and specifications.
(f) Construction schedule inspection. Prior to the start of construction, the grantee shall submit an approved copy of the construction schedule (critical path method) to the Director in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe.
(g) Construction management. The applicant must provide and maintain competent and adequate construction management services for inspection at the construction site to ensure that the completed work conforms with the approved plans and specifications. Construction management services shall include daily construction logs and monthly status reports which shall be maintained at the job site and shall be submitted to the Director at the times and in the form and manner as the Director may prescribe.
(h) Nonfederal share. Sufficient funds must be available to meet the nonfederal share of the costs of constructing the facility.
(i) Funds for operation. Sufficient funds must be available when construction is completed for effective use of the facility for the purposes for which it is being constructed.
(j) Inspection. The Director and the Director's representatives shall have access at all reasonable times to all work areas and documents during any stage of construction and the contractor shall provide proper facilities for this access and inspection.
(k) Accessibility to handicapped persons. The facility must be designed to comply with the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6, Appendix A), as modified by other standards prescribed by the Director or the Administrator of General Services. The applicant shall conduct inspections to ensure compliance with these specifications by the contractor.
(l) Notice of Federal Interest. The grantee shall record a Notice of Federal Interest in the appropriate official land records of the jurisdiction in which the property is located.
(m) Title insurance. The grantee shall purchase a title insurance policy unless a legal opinion has been provided which certifies that the grantee institution has fee simple title to the site free and clear of all liens, easements, rights-of-way, and any other adverse interests which would encumber the project. The Director may waive this requirement upon a request from the grantee adequately documenting self-insurance against the risks involved and containing such other information as the Director may prescribe.
(n) Physical destruction insurance. At the time construction is completed or at the time of beneficial occupancy, whichever comes first, the grantee shall purchase an insurance policy which insures the facility for the full appraised value of the property using state certified appraisers. The insurance policy must protect the property from total and partial physical destruction. The insurance policy must be maintained throughout the period of federal interest. The Director may waive this requirement upon a written request from the grantee adequately documenting self-insurance against the risks involved and containing such other information as the Director may prescribe.
§ 52b.11 - What are the requirements for acquisition and modernization of existing facilities?
Grant awards for the acquisition and modernization of existing facilities are permitted if authorized by the statutes authorizing the construction grant program and shall be subject to the requirements of this section.
(a) Minimum standards of construction and equipment. A determination by the Director that the facility conforms (or upon completion of any necessary construction will conform) to the minimum standards of construction and equipment as set forth in § 52b.12 shall be obtained before entering into a final or unconditional contract for the acquisition and/or modernization of facilities. Where the Director finds that exceptions to or modifications of these minimum standards would be consistent with the purposes of the applicable section of the Act under which the acquisition or modernization is supported, the Director may authorize the exceptions or modifications.
(b) Estimated cost of acquisition and remodeling: suitability of facility. Each application for a project involving the acquisition of existing facilities shall include in the detailed estimates of the costs of the project, the cost of acquiring the facilities, and any cost of remodeling, renovating or altering the facilities to serve the purposes for which they are acquired. The application shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Director that the architectural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, structural, and other pertinent features of the facility, as modified by any proposed expansion, remodeling, renovation, or alteration, will be suitable for the purposes of the applicable sections of the Act.
(c) Bona fide sale. Grant awards for the acquisition of existing facilities shall be subject to the condition that the acquisition constitutes a bona fide sale involving an actual cost to the applicant and will result in additional or improved facilities for purposes of the applicable provisions of the Act.
(d) Facility previously funded by a federal grant. No grant for the acquisition or modernization of a facility which has previously been funded in whole or in part by a federal grant for construction, acquisition, or equipment shall serve either to reduce or restrict the liability of the applicant or any other transferor or transferee from any obligation of accountability imposed by the Federal Government by reason of the prior grant.
§ 52b.12 - What are the minimum requirements of construction and equipment?
(a) General. In addition to being subject to other laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies referred to in § 52b.14, the standards set forth in this section have been determined by the Director to constitute minimum requirements of construction and equipment, including the expansion, remodeling, renovation, or alteration of existing buildings, and these standards, as may be amended, or any revisions or successors of these standards, shall apply to all projects for which federal assistance is requested under this part. The publications referenced in this section are hereby incorporated by reference and made a part of the regulations in this part.
(b) Incorporation by reference. The Director of the Federal Register approves the incorporations by reference in paragraph (c) of this section in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(1) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may also be obtained from the organizations at the addresses listed in paragraph (c) of this section. Copies may be inspected at the National Cancer Institute, Executive Plaza North, Room 539, 6130 Executive Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20852 (telephone 301-496-8534; not a toll-free number); the National Center for Research Services, Building 31, Room 3B11, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 (telephone 301-496-5793); not a toll-free number); and at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. The Director may for good cause shown, approve plans and specifications which contain deviations from the requirements prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section, if the Director is satisfied that the purposes of the requirements have been fulfilled. In addition to these requirements, each project shall meet the requirements of the applicable state and local codes and ordinances relating to construction.
(c) Design and construction standards. The facility shall comply with the following mandatory design and construction standards:
(1) “Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospital and Health Care Facilities” (1996-97). American Institute of Architects Academy of Architecture for Health (AIA); available from AIA Rizzoli Catalogue Sales, 117 Post Street, San Francisco, CA 94108 (telephone 1-800-522-6657, fax 415-984-0024).
(2) 1995 ASHRAE Handbook: Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Applications (1995), Chapter 13, “Laboratory Systems.” American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, NE, Atlanta, GA 30329 (telephone 404-636-8400).
(3) ICBO “Uniform Building Code,” Volumes 1-3 (1997). International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO), 5360 South Workman Mill Road, Whittier, CA 90601-2298 (telephone 562-699-0541 or 800-284-4406).
(4) BOCA National Building Code (1996) 1998 Supplement, Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA), 4051 West Fossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795 (telephone 708-799-4981; fax 708-799-4981).
(5) “Recommended Lateral Force Requirements and Commentary” (1996). Structural Engineers Association of California; available from International Conference of Building Officials, 5360 South Workman Mill Road, Whittier, CA 90601-2298 (telephone 562-699-0541).
(6) “Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals” (1995). National Research Council; available from National Academy Press, 8700 Spectrum Drive, Landover, MD 20785 (telephone 1-800-624-6242).
(7) The following material is available for purchase from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 11 Tracy Drive, Avon, MA 02322-9908 (telephone 617-770-3000 or 1-800-735-0100):
(i) NFPA 45, “Standard on Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals” (1996).
(ii) NFPA 70, “National Electric Code” (1996).
(iii) NFPA 99, Chapter 4, “Gas and Vacuum Systems” (1996).
(iv) NFPA 101, “Life Safety Code” (1997).
(v) NFPA “Health Care Facilities Handbook” (1996).
(8) NSF Standard No. 49 for Class II (Laminar Flow) Biohazard Cabinetry (1992). National Sanitation Foundation (NSF), 3475 Plymouth Road, Box 1468, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 (telephone 734-769-9010).
(9) ACGIH “Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice” (1998). American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), 1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45240-1634 (telephone 513-742-2020).
(10) AIHA “Laboratory Ventilation Workbook” (1994). American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA), 2700 Prosperity Avenue, Suite 250, Fairfax, VA 22031 (telephone 703-849-8888).
(11) The following material is available for purchase from the Southern Building Code Congress (SBCC), 900 Montclair Road, Birmingham, AL 35213-1206 (telephone 205-591-1853; fax 202-591-0075:
(i) SBCC “International Standard Plumbing Code” (1997).
(ii) SBCC “Standard Building Code” (1997).
§ 52b.13 - Additional conditions.
The Director may with respect to any grant award impose additional conditions consistent with the regulations of this part prior to or at the time of any award when in the Director's judgment the conditions are necessary to assure or protect advancement of the approved project, the purposes of the applicable provisions of the Act, or the conservation of grant funds.
§ 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.
Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies apply to grants under this part. These include, but are not necessarily limited to:
An Act to Provide for the Preservation of Historical and Archeological Data (and other purposes), as amended (16 U.S.C. 469 et seq.).
(c) Executive orders.
(d) Policies. (1) Design Policy and Guidelines (1996). Division of Engineering Services, National Institutes of Health (
(2) NIH Guidelines on the Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research (1994) (
(3) NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules (1994) (
(4) “NIH Grants Policy Statement.” NIH Pub. No. 99-80 (Oct. 1998) (Note: To obtain copies of the policy, interested persons should contact the Extramural Outreach and Information Resources Office (EOIRO), Office of Extramural Research, NIH, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 6208, MSC 7910, Bethesda, MD 20892-7910 (telephone 301-435-0714; not a toll-free number). Information may also be obtained by contacting the EOIRO via its e-mail address ([email protected]) and by browsing the NIH Home Page site on the World Wide Web (http://www.nih.gov).).
(5) “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (1996). Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council (
(6) “Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.” (Rev. Sept. 1986). Office for Protection from Research Risks, NIH (Note: To obtain copies of the policy, interested persons should contact the Office for Protection from Research Risks, NIH, 6100 Executive Boulevard, Suite 3B01, MSC 7507, Rockville, MD 20852-7507 (telephone 301-496-7005; not a toll-free number).).
(7) “Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories.” DHHS Publication No. (CDC) 88-8395 (1993). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (
(8) “NIH Guidelines for the Laboratory Use of Chemical Carcinogens,” DHHS Publication No. (NIH) 81-2385 (May 1981) (
(9) “NIH Policy and Guidelines on the Inclusion of Children as Participants in Research Involving Human Subjects (March 6, 1998).” NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts (