References in Text

The Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(C), are set out in the Appendix to this title.


2010—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 111–327, § 2(a)(20)(A), substituted “that is untrue or” for “that is untrue and”.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 111–327, § 2(a)(20)(B), inserted “a” after “preparer”.

Effective Date

Section effective 180 days after Apr. 20, 2005, and not applicable with respect to cases commenced under this title before such effective date, except as otherwise provided, see section 1501 of Pub. L. 109–8, set out as an Effective Date of 2005 Amendment note under section 101 of this title.