1
 See References in Text note below.
of the Inspector General Act of 1978) which is not an executive department;
References in Text

The Inspector General Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(C), (F), (4)(A), is Pub. L. 95–452, Oct. 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 1101, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Section 11(2) of the Act was renumbered section 12(2) by Pub. L. 110–409, § 7(a), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4305.

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), (9), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(1)(F). Pub. L. 110–409 added subpar. (F).

2007—Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 110–69 added subpar. (E).

1994—Subsec. (a)(7)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 103–272 substituted “section 3803 of this title” for “section 3803 of such title”.

1986—Subsec. (a)(3), (9). Pub. L. 99–514 substituted “Internal Revenue Code of 1986” for “Internal Revenue Code of 1954”.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, subtitle B (§§ 6101–6104), § 6104, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1948, provided that: “This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle [see Short Title note below] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1986], and shall apply to any claim or statement made, presented, or submitted on or after such date.”

Short Title

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, subtitle B (§§ 6101–6104), § 6101, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1934, provided that: “This subtitle [enacting this chapter, amending section 504 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the ‘Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986’.”

References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, § 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.

Congressional Findings and Purposes

Pub. L. 99–509, title VI, subtitle B (§§ 6101–6104), § 6102, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1934, provided that:

“(a)
Findings.—
The Congress finds that—
“(1)
false, fictitious, and fraudulent claims and statements in Government programs are a serious problem;
“(2)
false, fictitious, and fraudulent claims and statements in Government programs result in the loss of millions of dollars annually by allowing persons to receive Federal funds to which they are not entitled;
“(3)
false, fictitious, and fraudulent claims and statements in Government programs undermine the integrity of such programs by allowing ineligible persons to participate in such programs; and
“(4)
present civil and criminal remedies for such claims and statements are not sufficiently responsive.
“(b)
Purposes.—
The purposes of this subtitle [see Short Title note above] are—
“(1)
to provide Federal agencies which are the victims of false, fictitious, and fraudulent claims and statements with an administrative remedy to recompense such agencies for losses resulting from such claims and statements, to permit administrative proceedings to be brought against persons who make, present, or submit such claims and statements, and to deter the making, presenting, and submitting of such claims and statements in the future; and
“(2)
to provide due process protections to all persons who are subject to the administrative adjudication of false, fictitious, or fraudulent claims or statements.”