(c) Duties of OfficeThe Office shall assist the conference study in carrying out its goals. Specifically, the Office shall—
(1) assist and support the implementation of the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan for Long Island Sound developed pursuant to section 1330 of this title, including efforts to establish, within the process for granting watershed general permits, a system for promoting innovative methodologies and technologies that are cost-effective and consistent with the goals of the Plan;
(2) conduct or commission studies deemed necessary for strengthened implementation of the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan including, but not limited to—
(A) population growth and the adequacy of wastewater treatment facilities;
(B) the use of biological methods for nutrient removal in sewage treatment plants;
(C) contaminated sediments, and dredging activities;
(D) nonpoint source pollution abatement and land use activities in the Long Island Sound watershed;
(E) wetland protection and restoration;
(F) atmospheric deposition of acidic and other pollutants into Long Island Sound;
(G) water quality requirements to sustain fish, shellfish, and wildlife populations, and the use of indicator species to assess environmental quality;
(H) State water quality programs, for their adequacy pursuant to implementation of the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan;
(I) options for long-term financing of wastewater treatment projects and water pollution control programs;
(J) environmental vulnerabilities of the Long Island Sound watershed, including—
(i) the identification and assessment of such vulnerabilities in the watershed;
(ii) the development and implementation of adaptation strategies to reduce such vulnerabilities; and
(iii) the identification and assessment of the effects of sea level rise on water quality, habitat, and infrastructure; and 1
1 So in original.
(3) coordinate the grant, research and planning programs authorized under this section;
(4) develop and implement strategies to increase public education and awareness with respect to the ecological health and water quality conditions of Long Island Sound;
(5) provide administrative and technical support to the conference study;
(6) collect and make available to the public (including on a publicly accessible website) publications, and other forms of information the conference study determines to be appropriate, relating to the environmental quality of Long Island Sound;
(7) monitor the progress made toward meeting the identified goals, actions, and schedules of the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan, including through the implementation and support of a monitoring system for the ecological health and water quality conditions of Long Island Sound; and
(8) convene conferences and meetings for legislators from State governments and political subdivisions thereof for the purpose of making recommendations for coordinating legislative efforts to facilitate the environmental restoration of Long Island Sound and the implementation of the Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan.
(1) The Administrator is authorized to make grants for projects and studies which will help implement the Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan. Special emphasis shall be given to implementation, research and planning, enforcement, and citizen involvement and education.
(2) State, interstate, and regional water pollution control agencies, and other public or nonprofit private agencies, institutions, and organizations held to be eligible for grants pursuant to this subsection.
(3) Citizen involvement and citizen education grants under this subsection shall not exceed 95 per centum of the costs of such work. All other grants under this subsection shall not exceed 60 percent of the research, studies, or work. All grants shall be made on the condition that the non-Federal share of such costs are provided from non-Federal sources.
(f) Report (1) In generalNot later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, and biennially thereafter, the Director of the Office, in consultation with the Governor of each Long Island Sound State, shall submit to Congress a report that—
(A) summarizes and assesses the progress made by the Office and the Long Island Sound States in implementing the Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan, including an assessment of the progress made toward meeting the performance goals and milestones contained in the Plan;
(B) assesses the key ecological attributes that reflect the health of the ecosystem of the Long Island Sound watershed;
(C) describes any substantive modifications to the Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan made during the 2-year period preceding the date of submission of the report;
(D) provides specific recommendations to improve progress in restoring and protecting the Long Island Sound watershed, including, as appropriate, proposed modifications to the Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan;
(E) identifies priority actions for implementation of the Long Island Sound Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan for the 2-year period following the date of submission of the report; and
(F) describes the means by which Federal funding and actions will be coordinated with the actions of the Long Island Sound States and other entities.
(2) Public availability
The Administrator shall make the report described in paragraph (1) available to the public, including on a publicly accessible website.
(June 30, 1948, ch. 758, title I, § 119, as added Pub. L. 101–596, title II, § 202, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3004; amended Pub. L. 104–303, title V, § 583, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3791; Pub. L. 106–457, title IV, §§ 402—404, Nov. 7, 2000, 114 Stat. 1973; Pub. L. 109–137, § 1, Dec. 22, 2005, 119 Stat. 2646; Pub. L. 115–270, title IV, § 4104(a), (c)(1), Oct. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 3873, 3875.)