Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

402(a)

402(b)

37:251(a) (1st sentence).

37:251(a) (2d and last sentences).

37:251(b).

37:251(c).

Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, § 301, 63 Stat. 812; May 19, 1952, ch. 310, § 1(d), 66 Stat. 80; Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, § 20(b), 70A Stat. 627; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 10, 72 Stat. 1556.

37:251a.

Aug. 1, 1953, ch. 305, § 617, 67 Stat. 352.

402(c)

402(d)

402(e)

402(f)

37:301(a) (45 words before proviso).

37:301(e) (less applicability to basic pay, incentive pay, administrative pay, and duty without pay).

37:251(a) (less 1st, 2d, and last sentences).

37:251(e).

37:251(f).

37:251(d).

Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, § 501(a) (45 words before proviso), (e) (less applicability to basic pay, incentive pay, administrative pay, and duty without pay), 63 Stat. 825, 827; July 9, 1952, ch. 608, § 244, 66 Stat. 494; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 8, 74 Stat. 282.

In subsection (a), the words “in the amount set forth in subsection (d)” are substituted for the words “in such amounts . . . as are provided in this section”.

In subsection (b), the words “on a daily basis” are substituted for the last sentence of section 251(a) of existing title 37. The words “United States” are substituted for the word “Government”, in the 2d sentence of section 251(a) of existing title 37, section 251(b) of existing title 37, and section 251(e) of existing title 37. The word “confined” is substituted for the word “sick” for clarity. The last 16 words of the third sentence are substituted for section 251(b) (proviso) of existing title 37. The fourth sentence is substituted for section 251(a) of existing title 37. The last sentence is substituted for section 301(a) (45 words before proviso) of existing title 37 and section 301(e) (less applicability to basic pay, incentive pay, administrative pay, and duty without pay). In that sentence, the words “of a reserve component of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard” are substituted for the enumeration of the organizations concerned.

In subsection (c), the words “who are entitled to basic pay” are inserted to reflect the 1st sentence of section 251(a) of existing title 37.

In subsection (d), the reference in section 251(a) of existing title 37 to the allowance of $1.05 per day for enlisted members granted permission to mess separately is omitted as superseded by section 251a.

In subsection (e), the words “Effective April 15, 1955,” are omitted as executed. The words “United States” are substituted for the word “Government”. The words “messing facilities” are substituted for the word “messes” to conform to subsections (b) and (d).

Amendments

2008—Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 110–417, § 602(1), struck out before period at end “during any month covered by paragraph (3) in which the member is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence under this section”.

Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 110–417, § 602(2), struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “This subsection shall apply to months beginning during the period beginning on October 1, 2005, and ending on December 31, 2008.”

Pub. L. 110–181 substituted “December 31, 2008” for “December 31, 2007”.

2006—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 109–163, § 607(a)(2), added subsec. (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 109–364 substituted “December 31, 2007” for “December 31, 2006”.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–163, § 607(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (h) as (i).

2003—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1045(b)(2)(A)(i)–(iii), redesignated par. (2) as (1), substituted “The” for “On and after January 1, 2002, the”, and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “Through December 31, 2001, the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence to be in effect for an enlisted member for a year (beginning on January 1 of that year) shall be the amount that is halfway between the following amounts, which are determined by the Secretary of Agriculture as of October 1 of the preceding year:

“(A) The amount equal to the monthly cost of a moderate-cost food plan for a male in the United States who is between 20 and 50 years of age.”

“(B) The amount equal to the monthly cost of a liberal food plan for a male in the United States who is between 20 and 50 years of age.”

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1045(b)(2)(A)(ii), redesignated par. (3) as (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (1).

Subsec. (b)(3), (4). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1045(b)(2)(A)(ii), (iv), redesignated par. (4) as (3) and substituted “paragraph (1)” for “paragraph (2)”. Former par. (3) redesignated (2).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1045(b)(2)(B), substituted “subsection (b)(1)” for “subsection (b)(2)”.

Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 108–136, § 604, added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsecs. (f) and (g) as (g) and (h), respectively.

2002—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–314 amended heading and text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

“(1) In areas prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, an enlisted member described in paragraph (2) is entitled to not more than the pro rata allowance in effect under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) for each meal the member buys from a source other than a messing facility of the United States.

“(2) An enlisted member referred to in paragraph (1) is a member who is granted permission to mess separately and whose duties require the member to buy at least one meal from a source other than a messing facility of the United States.”

Pub. L. 107–296, which directed amendment of subsec. (d) by substituting “of Homeland Security” for “of Transportation”, could not be executed because the words “of Transportation” did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 107–314, see above and Effective Date of 2002 Amendment note below.

2001—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 107–107 added par. (4).

2000—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 603(a)(1)], substituted “Through December 31, 2001, the monthly rate” for “The monthly rate” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 603(a)(2), (3)], added par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 603(b)], substituted “in effect under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b)” for “established under subsection (b)(1)”.

1998—Subsecs. (e) to (g). Pub. L. 105–261 added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsecs. (e) and (f) as (f) and (g), respectively.

1997—Pub. L. 105–85 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section consisted of subsecs. (a) to (e) relating to basic allowance for subsistence for members of the uniformed services.

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–106, § 602(a), (b), designated first sentence as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1), (2), and (3) as subpars. (A), (B), and (C), respectively, of par. (1), designated second to fourth sentences as par. (2), designated fifth and sixth sentences as par. (3), and added par. (4).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, § 602(c)(1)(A), substituted “subsection (b)(2)” for “the third sentence of subsection (b)”.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–106, § 602(c)(1)(B), substituted “subsection (b)(2)” for “subsection (b)”.

1991—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–25 struck out “of this section” after “subsection (b)” in pars. (1) and (2).

1985—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–145 inserted “or as otherwise prescribed by law” after “title” at end of fourth sentence.

1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–525 inserted “The Secretary concerned may provide an enlisted member who could be provided rations in kind under the preceding sentence with a commutation when rations in kind are not available.”

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–557 inserted provisions relating to Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.

1983—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–94 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

1980—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–513, § 411(a), inserted provisions authorizing an allowance while performing travel under orders, and struck out provisions prohibiting an allowance while being subsisted at the expense of United States.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–513, § 411(b), inserted reference to definitions of “field duty” and “sea duty”.

1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(1), struck out “this section or by another” after “otherwise provided by” and substituted “as set forth in this section” for “in the amount set forth in subsection (d) of this section”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(2), substituted provisions for allowance for enlisted members authorized to receive basic allowance for subsistence under this subsection by reference to section 1009 of this title for provisions for allowance for enlisted members on leave or were authorized to mess separately at an amount equal to the cost of ration to be determined by the Secretary of Defense.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(3), inserted reference to section 1009 of this title in provisions relating to the amount of basic allowance for subsistence.

Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(4), (5), struck out subsec. (d) which related to basic allowance for subsistence for members of the uniformed services, and redesignated subsecs. (e) and (f) as (d) and (e), respectively.

1966—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–444 extended to aviation cadets of the Coast Guard the entitlement to the same basic allowance for subsistence as is provided for an officer of the Coast Guard.

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–181 effective as of Dec. 31, 2007, and subject to various special provisions, see section 610 of Pub. L. 110–181, set out as a Correction of Lapsed Authorities for Payment of Bonuses, Special Pays, and Similar Benefits for Members of the Uniformed Services note under section 2130a of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section 1704(g) of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 602(g), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1775, provided that: “This section [amending this section, section 404 of this title, and section 6081 of Title 10, Armed Forces, and enacting provisions set out as a note below] and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 1998.”

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 605, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2537, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1984.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, but the authority to prescribe regulations under the amendment by section 411 of Pub. L. 96–513 effective on Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701 of Pub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–419 effective Sept. 19, 1974, see section 9 of Pub. L. 93–419, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1009 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

Rate for Enlisted Members When Messing Facilities Not Available

Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 604(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1133, provided that:

“(1)
Notwithstanding section 402 of title 37, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may prescribe a rate of basic allowance for subsistence to apply to enlisted members of the uniformed services when messing facilities of the United States are not available. The rate may be higher than the rate of basic allowance for subsistence that would otherwise be applicable to the members under that section, but may not be higher than the highest rate that was in effect for enlisted members of the uniformed services under those circumstances before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 28, 2001].
“(2)
Paragraph (1) shall cease to be effective on the first day of the first month for which the basic allowance for subsistence calculated for enlisted members of the uniformed services under section 402 of title 37, United States Code, exceeds the rate of the basic allowance for subsistence prescribed under paragraph (1).”

Transitional Authority To Provide Basic Allowance for Subsistence

Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 604(c), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1134, provided that: “Notwithstanding the repeal of subsections (c) through (f) of section 602 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105–85; 37 U.S.C. 402 note) by section 603(c) of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106–398; 114 Stat. 1654A–145) [see below], the basic allowance for subsistence shall be paid in accordance with such subsections for October, November, and December of 2001.”

Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 602(c)–(f), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1772, as amended by Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, § 604(b), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2038; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A, title X, § 1087(e)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–293, which provided that a basic allowance for subsistence was to be paid to members of the uniformed services according to the conditions and at the rates provided in this note and not under the authority of this section during the period beginning on Jan. 1, 1998, and ending on the first day of the month immediately following the first month for which the monthly equivalent of the rate of basic allowance for subsistence payable to enlisted members of the uniformed services determined under this note was equal to or exceeded by the amount that would otherwise have been the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence under subsec. (b)(1) of this section, was repealed by Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A, title VI, § 603(c)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–145, effective Oct. 1, 2001.

Increase in Basic Allowance for Subsistence

Pub. L. 96–343, § 7, Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1128, provided that: “Effective September 1, 1980, the rates of basic allowance for subsistence authorized by section 402 of title 37, United States Code, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 8, 1980] (as prescribed by the President under section 1009 of such title), are increased by 10 percent.”

Regulations Relating to Subsistence Allowance

Regulations relating to basic allowance for subsistence, see Ex. Ord. No. 11157, June 22, 1964, 29 F.R. 7973, formerly set out as a note under section 301 of this title.

Executive Order No. 10119

Ex. Ord. No. 10119, Mar. 30, 1950, 15 F.R. 1767, as amended by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 1, §§ 5, 8, Apr. 11, 1953, 18 F.R. 2053; Ex. Ord. No. 10605, Apr. 22, 1955, 20 F.R. 2747, which related to regulations governing basic allowance for subsistence, was revoked by Ex. Ord. No. 11157, June 22, 1964, 29 F.R. 7973, formerly set out as a note under section 301 of this title.