United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Apr 05, 2020
Dual pay from more than one position; limitations; exceptions
Except as provided by subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, an individual is not entitled to receive basic pay from more than one position for more than an aggregate of 40 hours of work in one calendar week (Sunday through Saturday).
Except as otherwise provided by subsection (c) of this section, the Office of Personnel Management, subject to the supervision and control of the President, may prescribe regulations under which exceptions may be made to the restrictions in subsection (a) of this section when appropriate authority determines that the exceptions are warranted because personal services otherwise cannot be readily obtained.
Unless otherwise authorized by law and except as otherwise provided by paragraph (2) or (4) of this subsection, appropriated funds are not available for payment to an individual of pay from more than one position if the pay of one of the positions is paid by the Secretary of the Senate, the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, or the Chief of the Capitol Police, or one of the positions is under the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, and if the aggregate gross pay from the positions exceeds $7,724 a year ($10,540,1
in the case of pay disbursed by the Secretary of the Senate).
1See Increase in Compensation of Individuals Whose Pay is Disbursed by Secretary of Senate note below.
Notwithstanding paragraph (1) of this subsection, appropriated funds are not available for payment to an individual of pay from more than one position, for each of which the pay is disbursed by the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives or the Chief of the Capitol Police, if the aggregate gross pay from those positions exceeds the maximum per annum gross rate of pay authorized to be paid to an employee out of the clerk hire allowance of a Member of the House.
For the purposes of this subsection, “gross pay” means the annual rate of pay (or equivalent thereof in the case of an individual paid on other than an annual basis) received by an individual.
Paragraph (1) of this subsection does not apply to pay on a when-actually-employed basis received from more than one consultant or expert position if the pay is not received for the same day.
Subsection (a) of this section does not apply to—
pay on a when-actually-employed basis received from more than one consultant or expert position if the pay is not received for the same hours of the same day;
pay consisting of fees paid on other than a time basis;
pay received by a teacher of the public schools of the District of Columbia for employment in a position during the summer vacation period;
pay paid by the Tennessee Valley Authority to an employee performing part-time or intermittent work in addition to his normal duties when the Authority considers it to be in the interest of efficiency and economy;
pay received by an individual holding a position—
the pay of which is paid by the Secretary of the Senate, the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives, or the Chief of the Capitol Police; or
under the Architect of the Capitol;
pay paid by the United States Coast Guard to an employee occupying a part-time position of lamplighter; and
pay within the purview of any of the following statutes:
section 631 or 631a of title 31, District of Columbia Code.
This section does not apply to an individual employed under sections 174j–1 to 174j–7 or 174k 2
of title 40.
2See References in Text note below.
Subsection (c) of this section does not apply to pay received by a teacher of the public schools of the District of Columbia for employment in a position during the summer vacation period.
(Pub. L. 89–554,
Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 483; Pub. L. 90–57, § 105(h), July 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 143; Pub. L. 90–206, title II, § 214(o), Dec. 16, 1967. 81 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 91–510, title IV, § 477(d), Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1195; Pub. L. 93–140, § 23, Oct. 26, 1973, 87 Stat. 508; Pub. L. 93–145, § 101, Nov. 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 532; Pub. L. 94–183, § 2(21), Dec. 31, 1975, 89 Stat. 1058; Pub. L. 94–440, title I, § 103, Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1443; Pub. L. 95–454, title IX, § 906(a)(2), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 96–70, title III, § 3302(e)(8), Sept. 27, 1979, 93 Stat. 498; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, § 215(7), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1745; Pub. L. 111–145, § 7(b)(2), Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 55.)
cite as: 5 USC 5533