United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: Jan 23, 2021
The Secretary shall establish procedures that provide for scientific peer review of each agricultural research grant administered, on a competitive basis, by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture of the Department.
The Secretary shall establish procedures that provide for relevance and merit review of each agricultural research, extension, or education grant administered, on a competitive basis, by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture.
The Secretary shall consult with the Advisory Board in establishing the merit review procedures on a continuous basis.
Peer and merit review procedures established under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not take the offer or availability of matching funds into consideration.
As soon as practicable after the review is conducted under subsection (b) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall consider the results of the review when formulating each request for proposals, and evaluating proposals, involving an agricultural research, extension, or education activity funded, on a competitive basis, by the Department.
In formulating a request for proposals described in paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall solicit and consider input from persons who conduct or use agricultural research, extension, or education regarding the prior year’s request for proposals.
The Secretary shall establish procedures that ensure scientific peer review of all research activities conducted by the Department.
As part of the procedures established under paragraph (1), a review panel shall verify, at least once every 5 years, that each research activity of the Department and research conducted under each research program of the Department has scientific merit and relevance.
A review panel shall be composed of individuals with scientific expertise, a majority of whom are not employees of the agency whose research is being reviewed.
To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall use scientists from colleges and universities to serve on the review panels.
The results of the panel reviews shall be submitted to the Advisory Board.