- § 3141. Release and detention authority generally
- § 3142. Release or detention of a defendant pending trial
- § 3143. Release or detention of a defendant pending sentence or appeal
- § 3144. Release or detention of a material witness
- § 3145. Review and appeal of a release or detention order
- § 3146. Penalty for failure to appear
- § 3147. Penalty for an offense committed while on release
- § 3148. Sanctions for violation of a release condition
- § 3149. Surrender of an offender by a surety
- § 3150. Applicability to a case removed from a State court
- [§ 3150a. Repealed.
- § 3151. Refund of forfeited bail
- § 3152. Establishment of pretrial services
- § 3153. Organization and administration of pretrial services
- § 3154. Functions and powers relating to pretrial services
- § 3155. Annual reports
- § 3156. Definitions
If it appears from an affidavit filed by a party that the testimony of a person is material in a criminal proceeding, and if it is shown that it may become impracticable to secure the presence of the person by subpoena, a judicial officer may order the arrest of the person and treat the person in accordance with the provisions of section 3142 of this title. No material witness may be detained because of inability to comply with any condition of release if the testimony of such witness can adequately be secured by deposition, and if further detention is not necessary to prevent a failure of justice. Release of a material witness may be delayed for a reasonable period of time until the deposition of the witness can be taken pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
A person charged with an offense, who is released upon the execution of an appearance bond with a surety, may be arrested by the surety, and if so arrested, shall be delivered promptly to a United States marshal and brought before a judicial officer. The judicial officer shall determine in accordance with the provisions of section 3148(b) whether to revoke the release of the person, and may absolve the surety of responsibility to pay all or part of the bond in accordance with the provisions of Rule 46 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The person so committed shall be held in official detention until released pursuant to this chapter or another provision of law.
The provisions of this chapter apply to a criminal case removed to a Federal court from a State court.
Appropriations available to refund money erroneously received and deposited in the Treasury are available to refund any part of forfeited bail deposited into the Treasury and ordered remitted under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
Each chief pretrial services officer in districts in which pretrial services are established under section 3152(b) of this title, and each chief probation officer in all other districts, shall prepare an annual report to the chief judge of the district court concerning the administration and operation of pretrial services and shall ensure that case file, statistical, and other information concerning the work of pretrial services is provided to the Director. The Director shall be required to include in the Director’s annual report to the Judicial Conference under section 604 of title 28 a report on the administration and operation of the pretrial services for the previous year.