Collapse to view only § 3306. Certain levee improvements

§ 3301.
Definitions
In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(1)
Administrator

The term “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

(2)
Canal structure
(A)
In general
The term “canal structure” means an embankment, wall, or structure along a canal or manmade watercourse that—
(i) constrains water flows;
(ii) is subject to frequent water loading; and
(iii) is an integral part of a flood risk reduction system that protects the leveed area from flood waters associated with hurricanes, precipitation events, seasonal high water, and other weather-related events.
(B)
Exclusion

The term “canal structure” does not include a barrier across a watercourse.

(3)
Committee

The term “committee” means the Committee on Levee Safety established by section 3302(a) of this title.

(4)
Floodplain management

The term “floodplain management” means the operation of a community program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage.

(5)
Indian tribe

The term “Indian tribe” has the meaning given the term in section 5304 of title 25.

(6)
Inspection
The term “inspection” means an actual inspection of a levee—
(A) to establish the global information system location of the levee;
(B) to determine the general condition of the levee; and
(C) to estimate the number of structures and population at risk and protected by the levee that would be adversely impacted if the levee fails or water levels exceed the height of the levee.
(7)
Levee
(A)
In general
The term “levee” means a manmade barrier (such as an embankment, floodwall, or other structure)—
(i) the primary purpose of which is to provide hurricane, storm, or flood protection relating to seasonal high water, storm surges, precipitation, or other weather events; and
(ii) that is normally subject to water loading for only a few days or weeks during a calendar year.
(B)
Inclusions
The term “levee” includes a levee system, including—
(i)
levees and canal structures that—
(I) constrain water flows;(II) are subject to more frequent water loading; and(III) do not constitute a barrier across a watercourse; and
(ii) roadway and railroad embankments, but only to the extent that the embankments are integral to the performance of a flood damage reduction system.
(C)
Exclusions
The term “levee” does not include—
(i) a roadway or railroad embankment that is not integral to the performance of a flood damage reduction system;
(ii) a canal constructed completely within natural ground without any manmade structure (such as an embankment or retaining wall to retain water or a case in which water is retained only by natural ground);
(iii) a canal regulated by a Federal or State agency in a manner that ensures that applicable Federal safety criteria are met;
(iv)
a levee or canal structure—
(I) that is not a part of a Federal flood damage reduction system;(II) that is not recognized under the National Flood Insurance Program as providing protection from the 1-percent-annual-chance or greater flood;(III) that is not greater than 3 feet high;(IV) the population in the leveed area of which is less than 50 individuals; and(V) the leveed area of which is less than 1,000 acres; or
(v) any shoreline protection or river bank protection system (such as revetments or barrier islands).
(8)
Levee feature
The term “levee feature” means a structure that is critical to the functioning of a levee, including—
(A) an embankment section;
(B) a floodwall section;
(C) a closure structure;
(D) a pumping station;
(E) an interior drainage work; and
(F) a flood damage reduction channel.
(9)
Levee system
The term “levee system” means 1 or more levee segments, including all levee features that are interconnected and necessary to ensure protection of the associated leveed areas—
(A) that collectively provide flood damage reduction to a defined area; and
(B) the failure of 1 of which may result in the failure of the entire system.
(10)
National levee database

The term “national levee database” means the levee database established under section 3303 of this title.

(11)
Participating program

The term “participating program” means a levee safety program developed by a State, regional district, or Indian tribe that includes the minimum components necessary for recognition by the Secretary.

(12)
Regional district

The term “regional district” means a subdivision of a State government, or a subdivision of multiple State governments, that is authorized to acquire, construct, operate, and maintain projects for the purpose of flood damage reduction.

(13)
Rehabilitation

The term “rehabilitation” means the repair, replacement, reconstruction, removal of a levee, or reconfiguration of a levee system, including a setback levee, that is carried out to reduce flood risk or meet national levee safety guidelines.

(14)
Risk

The term “risk” means a measure of the probability and severity of undesirable consequences.

(15)
State
The term “State” means—
(A) a State;
(B) the District of Columbia;
(C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and
(D) any other territory or possession of the United States.
(16)
State levee safety agency

The term “State levee safety agency” means the agency of a State that has regulatory authority over the safety of any non-Federal levee in the State.

(17)
United States

The term “United States”, when used in a geographical sense, means all of the States.

(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9002, Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1288; Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(b), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1289; Pub. L. 114–322, title I, § 1130(a), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1650.)
§ 3302.
Committee on Levee Safety
(a)
Establishment

There is established a committee to be known as the “Committee on Levee Safety”.

(b)
Membership
The committee shall be composed of 16 members as follows:
(1)
Nonvoting members.—
The following 2 nonvoting members:
(A) The Secretary (or a designee of the Secretary).
(B) The Administrator (or a designee of the Administrator).
(2)
The following 14 voting members appointed by the Secretary:
(A) Eight representatives of State levee safety agencies, one from each of the eight civil works divisions of the Corps of Engineers.
(B) Two representatives of the private sector who have expertise in levee safety.
(C) Two representatives of local and regional governmental agencies who have expertise in levee safety.
(D) Two representatives of Indian tribes who have expertise in levee safety.
(c)
Administration
(1)
Terms of voting members
(A)
In general
A voting member of the committee shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, except that, of the members first appointed—
(i) 5 shall be appointed for a term of 1 year;
(ii) 5 shall be appointed for a term of 2 years; and
(iii) 4 shall be appointed for a term of 3 years.
(B)
Reappointment

A voting member of the committee may be reappointed to the committee, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(C)
Vacancies

A vacancy on the committee shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.

(2)
Chairperson
(A)
In general

The voting members of the committee shall appoint a chairperson from among the voting members of the committee.

(B)
Term

The chairperson shall serve a term of not more than 2 years.

(d)
Standing committees
(1)
In general

The committee may establish standing committees comprised of volunteers from all levels of government and the private sector, to advise the committee regarding specific levee safety issues, including participating programs, technical issues, public education and awareness, and safety and the environment.

(2)
Membership

The committee shall recommend to the Secretary for approval individuals for membership on the standing committees.

(e)
Duties and powers
The committee—
(1) shall submit to the Secretary and Congress an annual report regarding the effectiveness of the levee safety initiative in accordance with section 3303b of this title; and
(2) may secure from other Federal agencies such services, and enter into such contracts, as the committee determines to be necessary to carry out this subsection.
(f)
Task force coordination

The committee shall, to the maximum extent practicable, coordinate the activities of the committee with the Federal Interagency Floodplain Management Task Force.

(g)
Compensation
(1)
Federal employees
Each member of the committee who is an officer or employee of the United States—
(A) shall serve without compensation in addition to compensation received for the services of the member as an officer or employee of the United States; but
(B) shall be allowed a per diem allowance for travel expenses, at rates authorized for an employee of an agency under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, while away from the home or regular place of business of the member in the performance of the duties of the committee.
(2)
Non-Federal employees

To the extent amounts are made available to carry out this section in appropriations Acts, the Secretary shall provide to each member of the committee who is not an officer or employee of the United States a stipend and a per diem allowance for travel expenses, at rates authorized for an employee of an agency under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, while away from the home or regular place of business of the member in performance of services for the committee.

(3)
Standing committee members

Each member of a standing committee shall serve in a voluntary capacity.

(h)
Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the committee.

(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9003, Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1288; Pub. L. 110–274, § 1, July 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 2493; Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(c), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1291.)
§ 3303.
Inventory and inspection of levees
(a)
Levee database
(1)
In general

Not later than 1 year after December 16, 2016, the Secretary shall establish and maintain a database with an inventory of the Nation’s levees.

(2)
Contents
The database shall include—
(A) location information of all Federal levees in the Nation (including global information system information) and updated levee information provided by States, regional districts, Indian tribes, Federal agencies, and other entities;
(B) utilizing such information as is available, the general condition of each levee; and
(C) an estimate of the number of structures and population at risk and protected by each levee that would be adversely impacted if the levee fails or water levels exceed the height of the levee.
(3)
Availability of information
(A)
Availability to Federal, State, regional, tribal, and local governmental agencies

The Secretary shall make all of the information in the database available to appropriate Federal, State, regional, tribal, and local governmental agencies.

(B)
Availability to the public

The Secretary shall make the information in the database described in paragraph (2)(A), and such other information in the database as the Secretary determines appropriate, available to the public.

(b)
Inventory and inspection of levees
(1)
Federal levees

The Secretary, at Federal expense, shall establish an inventory and conduct an inspection of all federally owned and operated levees.

(2)
Federally constructed, nonfederally operated and maintained levees

The Secretary shall establish an inventory and conduct an inspection of all federally constructed, non-federally operated and maintained levees, at the original cost share for the project.

(3)
Participating levees

For non-Federal levees the owners of which are participating in the emergency response to natural disasters program established under section 701n of this title, the Secretary shall establish an inventory and conduct an inspection of each such levee if the owner of the levee requests such inspection. The Federal share of the cost of an inspection under this paragraph shall be 65 percent.

(c)
Levee review
(1)
In general

The Secretary shall carry out a one-time inventory and review of all levees identified in the national levee database.

(2)
No Federal interest

The inventory and inspection under paragraph (1) does not create a Federal interest in the construction, operation, or maintenance of any levee that is included in the inventory or inspected under this subsection.

(3)
Review criteria

In carrying out the inventory and review, the Secretary shall use the levee safety action classification criteria to determine whether a levee should be classified in the inventory as requiring a more comprehensive inspection.

(4)
State, regional, and tribal participation
At the request of a State, regional district, or Indian tribe with respect to any levee subject to review under this subsection, the Secretary shall—
(A) allow an official of the State, regional district, or Indian tribe to participate in the review of the levee; and
(B) provide information to the State, regional district, or Indian tribe relating to the location, construction, operation, or maintenance of the levee.
(5)
Exceptions

In carrying out the inventory and review under this subsection, the Secretary shall not be required to review any levee that has been inspected by a State, regional district, or Indian tribe using the same methodology described in paragraph (3) during the 1-year period immediately preceding June 10, 2014, if the Governor of the State or chief executive of the regional district or tribal government, as applicable, requests an exemption from the review.

(d)
Identification of deficiencies
(1)
In general
For each levee included in an inventory established under subsection (b) or for which the Secretary has conducted a review under subsection (c), the Secretary shall—
(A) identify the specific engineering and maintenance deficiencies, if any; and
(B) describe the recommended remedies to correct each deficiency identified under subparagraph (A), and, if requested by owner of a non-Federal levee, the associated costs of those remedies.
(2)
Consultation

In identifying deficiencies and describing remedies for a levee under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with relevant non-Federal interests, including by providing an opportunity for comment by those non-Federal interests.

(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9004, Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1290; Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(d), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1292; Pub. L. 114–322, title I, § 1130(b), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1650; Pub. L. 116–260, div. AA, title I, § 131, Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2644.)
§ 3303a.
Levee safety initiative
(a)
Establishment

The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall carry out a levee safety initiative.

(b)
Management
The Secretary shall appoint—
(1) an administrator of the levee safety initiative; and
(2) such staff as are necessary to implement the initiative.
(c)
Levee safety guidelines
(1)
Establishment
Not later than 1 year after December 16, 2016, the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator and in coordination with State, regional, local, and tribal governments and organizations with expertise in levee safety, shall establish a set of voluntary, comprehensive, national levee safety guidelines that—
(A) are available for common, uniform use by all Federal, State, regional, local, and tribal agencies;
(B) incorporate policies, procedures, standards, and criteria for a range of levee types, canal structures, and related facilities and features; and
(C) provide for adaptation to local, regional, or watershed conditions.
(2)
Requirement

The policies, procedures, standards, and criteria under paragraph (1)(B) shall be developed taking into consideration the levee hazard potential classification system established under subsection (d).

(3)
Incorporation
The guidelines shall address, to the maximum extent practicable—
(A) the activities and practices carried out by State, regional, local, and tribal governments and the private sector to safely build, regulate, operate, and maintain levees; and
(B) Federal activities that facilitate State, regional, or tribal efforts to develop and implement effective State, regional, or tribal programs for the safety of levees, including levee inspection, levee rehabilitation, locally developed floodplain management, and public education and training programs.
(4)
Consideration by Federal agencies

To the maximum extent practicable, all Federal agencies shall consider the levee safety guidelines in carrying out activities relating to the management of levees.

(5)
Public comment
Prior to finalizing the guidelines under this subsection, the Secretary shall—
(A) issue draft guidelines for public comment, including comment by States, regional districts, Indian tribes, non-Federal interests, and other appropriate stakeholders; and
(B) consider any comments received in the development of final guidelines.
(d)
Hazard potential classification system
(1)
Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a hazard potential classification system for use under the levee safety initiative and participating programs.

(2)
Revision

The Secretary shall review and, as necessary, revise the hazard potential classification system not less frequently than once every 5 years.

(3)
Consistency

The hazard potential classification system established pursuant to this subsection shall be consistent with and incorporated into the levee safety action classification tool developed by the Corps of Engineers.

(e)
Technical assistance and materials
(1)
Establishment
The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall provide technical assistance and training to promote levee safety and assist States, regional districts, Indian tribes, communities, and levee owners in—
(A) developing levee safety programs;
(B) identifying and reducing flood risks associated with levees;
(C) identifying local actions that may be carried out to reduce flood risks in leveed areas; and
(D) rehabilitating, improving, replacing, reconfiguring, modifying, and removing levees and levee systems.
(2)
Eligibility
To be eligible to receive technical assistance under this subsection, a State shall—
(A) be in the process of establishing or have in effect a State levee safety program under which a State levee safety agency, in accordance with State law, carries out the guidelines established under subsection (c)(1); and
(B) allocate sufficient funds in the budget of that State to carry out that State levee safety program.
(3)
Work plans

The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with each State receiving technical assistance under this subsection to develop a work plan necessary for the State levee safety program of that State to reach a level of program performance that meets the guidelines established under subsection (c)(1).

(f)
Public education and awareness
(1)
In general

The Secretary, in coordination with the Administrator, shall carry out public education and awareness efforts relating to the levee safety initiative.

(2)
Contents
In carrying out the efforts under paragraph (1), the Secretary and the Administrator shall—
(A) educate individuals living in leveed areas regarding the risks of living in those areas; and
(B) promote consistency in the transmission of information regarding levees among Federal agencies and regarding risk communication at the State and local levels.
(g)
State, regional, and tribal levee safety program
(1)
Guidelines
(A)
In general

Not later than 1 year after December 16, 2016, in consultation with the Administrator, the Secretary shall issue guidelines that establish the minimum components necessary for recognition of a State, regional, or tribal levee safety program as a participating program.

(B)
Guideline contents
The guidelines under subparagraph (A) shall include provisions and procedures requiring each participating State, regional district, and Indian tribe to certify to the Secretary that the State, regional district, or Indian tribe, as applicable—
(i) has the authority to participate in the levee safety initiative;
(ii) can receive funds under this chapter;
(iii) has adopted any levee safety guidelines developed under this chapter;
(iv) will carry out levee inspections;
(v) will carry out, consistent with applicable requirements, flood risk management and any emergency action planning procedures the Secretary determines to be necessary relating to levees;
(vi) will carry out public education and awareness activities consistent with the efforts carried out under subsection (f); and
(vii) will collect and share information regarding the location and condition of levees, including for inclusion in the national levee database.
(C)
Public comment
Prior to finalizing the guidelines under this paragraph, the Secretary shall—
(i) issue draft guidelines for public comment; and
(ii) consider any comments received in the development of final guidelines.
(2)
Assistance to States, regional districts, and Indian tribes
(A)
Establishment

The Administrator may provide assistance, subject to the availability of funding specified in appropriations Acts for Federal Emergency Management Agency activities pursuant to this chapter and subject to amounts available under subparagraph (E), to States, regional districts, and Indian tribes in establishing participating programs, conducting levee inventories, and improving levee safety programs in accordance with subparagraph (B).

(B)
Requirements
To be eligible to receive assistance under this section, a State, regional district, or Indian tribe shall—
(i) meet the requirements of a participating program established by the guidelines issued under paragraph (1);
(ii) use not less than 25 percent of any amounts received to identify and assess non-Federal levees within the State or regional district or on land of the Indian tribe;
(iii) submit to the Secretary and Administrator any information collected by the State, regional district, or Indian tribe in carrying out this subsection for inclusion in the national levee safety database; and
(iv) identify actions to address hazard mitigation activities associated with levees and leveed areas identified in the hazard mitigation plan of the State approved by the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
(C)
Measures to assess effectiveness
(i)
In general

Not later than 1 year after June 10, 2014, the Administrator shall implement quantifiable performance measures and metrics to assess the effectiveness of the assistance provided in accordance with subparagraph (A).

(ii)
Considerations
In assessing the effectiveness of assistance under clause (i), the Administrator shall consider the degree to which the State, regional, or tribal program—
(I) ensures that human lives and property that are protected by new and existing levees are safe;(II) encourages the use of appropriate engineering policies, procedures, and technical practices for levee site investigation, design, construction, operation and maintenance, inspection, assessment, and emergency preparedness;(III) develops and supports public education and awareness projects to increase public acceptance and support of levee safety programs and provide information;(IV) builds public awareness of the residual risks associated with living in levee protected areas; and(V) develops technical assistance materials, seminars, and guidelines to improve the security of levees of the United States.
(D)
Maintenance of effort

Technical assistance or grants may not be provided to a State under this subsection during a fiscal year unless the State enters into an agreement with the Administrator to ensure that the State will maintain during that fiscal year aggregate expenditures for programs to ensure levee safety that equal or exceed the average annual level of such expenditures for the State for the 2 fiscal years preceding that fiscal year.

(E)
Authorization of appropriations
(i)
In general

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this subsection $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.

(ii)
Allocation
For each fiscal year, amounts made available under this subparagraph shall be allocated among the States, regional districts, and Indian tribes as follows:
(I) ⅓ among States, regional districts, and Indian tribes that qualify for assistance under this subsection.(II)
⅔ among States, regional districts, and Indian tribes that qualify for assistance under this subsection, to each such State, regional district, or Indian tribe in the proportion that—
(aa) the miles of levees in the State or regional district or on the land of the Indian tribe that are listed on the inventory of levees; bears to(bb) the miles of levees in all States and regional districts and on the land of all Indian tribes that are in the national levee database.
(iii)
Maximum amount of allocation

The amounts allocated to a State, regional district, or Indian tribe under this subparagraph shall not exceed 50 percent of the reasonable cost of implementing the State, regional, or tribal levee safety program.

(F)
Prohibition

No amounts made available to the Administrator under this chapter shall be used for levee construction, rehabilitation, repair, operations, or maintenance.

(h)
Levee rehabilitation assistance program
(1)
Establishment

The Secretary shall provide assistance to States, regional districts, Indian tribes, and local governments relating to addressing flood mitigation activities that result in an overall reduction in flood risk.

(2)
Requirements
To be eligible to receive assistance under this subsection, a State, regional district, Indian tribe, or local government shall—
(A) participate in, and comply with, all applicable Federal floodplain management and flood insurance programs;
(B)
have in place a hazard mitigation plan that—
(i) includes all levee risks; and
(ii) complies with the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–390; 114 Stat. 1552);
(C) submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require;
(D) commit to provide normal operation and maintenance of the project for the 50 year-period following completion of rehabilitation; and
(E)
comply with such minimum eligibility requirements as the Secretary, in consultation with the committee, may establish to ensure that each owner and operator of a levee under a participating State, regional, or tribal levee safety program—
(i) acts in accordance with the guidelines developed under subsection (c); and
(ii) carries out activities relating to the public in the leveed area in accordance with the hazard mitigation plan described in subparagraph (B).
(3)
Floodplain management plans
(A)
In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of execution of a project agreement for assistance under this subsection, a State, regional district, Indian tribe, or local government shall prepare a floodplain management plan in accordance with the guidelines under subparagraph (D) to reduce the impacts of future flood events in each applicable leveed area.

(B)
Inclusions
A plan under subparagraph (A) shall address—
(i) potential measures, practices, and policies to reduce loss of life, injuries, damage to property and facilities, public expenditures, and other adverse impacts of flooding in each applicable leveed area;
(ii) plans for flood fighting and evacuation; and
(iii) public education and awareness of flood risks.
(C)
Implementation

Not later than 1 year after the date of completion of construction of the applicable project, a floodplain management plan prepared under subparagraph (A) shall be implemented.

(D)
Guidelines

Not later than 180 days after December 16, 2016, the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall develop such guidelines for the preparation of floodplain management plans prepared under this paragraph as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(E)
Technical support

The Secretary may provide technical support for the development and implementation of floodplain management plans prepared under this paragraph.

(4)
Use of funds
(A)
In general
Assistance provided under this subsection may be used—
(i) for any rehabilitation activity to maximize overall risk reduction associated with a levee under a participating State, regional, or tribal levee safety program; and
(ii) only for a levee that is not federally operated and maintained.
(B)
Prohibition
Assistance provided under this subsection shall not be used—
(i) to perform routine operation or maintenance for a levee; or
(ii) to make any modification to a levee that does not result in an improvement to public safety.
(5)
No proprietary interest

A contract for assistance provided under this subsection shall not be considered to confer any proprietary interest on the United States.

(6)
Cost share

The maximum Federal share of the cost of any assistance provided under this subsection shall be 65 percent.

(7)
Project limit

The maximum amount of Federal assistance for a project under this subsection shall be $10,000,000.

(8)
Limitation

A project shall not receive Federal assistance under this subsection more than 1 time.

(9)
Federal interest

For a project that is not a project eligible for rehabilitation assistance under section 701n of this title, the Secretary shall determine that the proposed rehabilitation is in the Federal interest prior to providing assistance for such rehabilitation.

(10)
Other laws

Assistance provided under this subsection shall be subject to all applicable laws (including regulations) that apply to the construction of a civil works project of the Corps of Engineers.

(i)
Effect of section
Nothing in this section—
(1) affects the requirement under section 100226(b)(2) of Public Law 112–141 (42 U.S.C. 4101 note; 126 Stat. 942); or
(2)
confers any regulatory authority on—
(A) the Secretary; or
(B) the Administrator, including for the purpose of setting premium rates under the national flood insurance program established under chapter 1 1
1 So in original. Probably should be “chapter I”.
of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4011 et seq.).
(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9005, as added Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(e)(2), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1293; Pub. L. 114–322, title I, § 1130(c), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1650; Pub. L. 115–270, title I, § 1144(1), Oct. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 3785.)
§ 3303b.
Reports
(a)
State of levees
(1)
In general
Not later than 1 year after December 16, 2016, and biennially thereafter, the Secretary in coordination with the committee, shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report describing the state of levees in the United States and the effectiveness of the levee safety initiative, including—
(A) progress achieved in implementing the levee safety initiative;
(B) State, regional, and tribal participation in the levee safety initiative;
(C)
recommendations to improve coordination of levee safety, floodplain management, and environmental protection concerns, including—
(i) identifying and evaluating opportunities to coordinate public safety, floodplain management, and environmental protection activities relating to levees; and
(ii) evaluating opportunities to coordinate environmental permitting processes for operation and maintenance activities at existing levee projects in compliance with all applicable laws; and
(D) any recommendations for legislation and other congressional actions necessary to ensure national levee safety.
(2)
Inclusion

Each report under paragraph (1) shall include a report of the committee that describes the independent recommendations of the committee for the implementation of the levee safety initiative.

(b)
National dam and levee safety program

Not later than 3 years after June 10, 2014, to the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary and the Administrator, in coordination with the committee, shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report that includes recommendations regarding the advisability and feasibility of, and potential approaches for, establishing a joint national dam and levee safety program.

(c)
Alignment of Federal programs relating to levees
Not later than 2 years after December 16, 2016, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on opportunities for alignment of Federal programs to provide incentives to State, regional, tribal, and local governments and individuals and entities—
(1) to promote shared responsibility for levee safety;
(2) to encourage the development of strong State, regional, and tribal levee safety programs;
(3) to better align the levee safety initiative with other Federal flood risk management programs; and
(4) to promote increased levee safety through other Federal programs providing assistance to State, regional, tribal, and local governments.
(d)
Liability for certain levee engineering projects
Not later than 1 year after December 16, 2016, the Secretary shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report that includes recommendations that identify and address any legal liability associated with levee engineering projects that prevent—
(1) levee owners from obtaining needed levee engineering services; or
(2) development and implementation of a State, regional, or tribal levee safety program.
(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9006, as added Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(e)(2), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1299; amended Pub. L. 114–322, title I, § 1130(d), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1652.)
§ 3304.
Limitations on statutory construction
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as—
(1) creating any liability of the United States or its officers or employees for the recovery of damages caused by an action or failure to act; or
(2) relieving an owner or operator of a levee of a legal duty, obligation, or liability incident to the ownership or operation of a levee.
(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9007, formerly § 9005, Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1290; renumbered § 9007, Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(e)(1), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1293.)
§ 3305.
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary—
(1) to carry out sections 3302, 3303a(c), 3303a(d), 3303a(e), and 3303a(f) of this title, $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023;
(2) to carry out section 3303 of this title, $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023; and
(3) to carry out section 3303a(h) of this title, $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
(Pub. L. 110–114, title IX, § 9008, formerly § 9006, Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1291; renumbered § 9008 and amended Pub. L. 113–121, title III, § 3016(e)(1), (f), June 10, 2014, 128 Stat. 1293, 1300; Pub. L. 115–270, title I, § 1144(2), Oct. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 3785.)
§ 3306.
Certain levee improvements
(a)
In general

Notwithstanding section 211 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2000 (31 U.S.C. 6505 note), the Secretary, at the request of a local government, is authorized to provide technical services, on a reimbursable basis, to the local government to assess the reasons a federally constructed levee owned or operated by the local government is not accredited by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

(b)
Federal levees

In carrying out this section, in a case in which a levee owned and operated by the Secretary is hydraulically tied to a levee described in subsection (a), the Secretary is encouraged to cooperate, to the maximum extent practicable, with the relevant local governmental entities in assessing the reasons the levee described in subsection (a) is not accredited.

(c)
Limitation
Nothing in this section—
(1) affects the responsibilities of a local government to operate and maintain its flood control infrastructure; or
(2) obligates the Secretary to expend additional Federal resources on levees owned and operated by the Secretary.
(Pub. L. 115–270, title I, § 1123, Oct. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 3779.)