Collapse to view only § 433a. Allowance for participation in Ready Reserve screening

§ 401. Definitions
(a)Dependent Defined.—In this chapter, the term “dependent”, with respect to a member of a uniformed service, means the following persons:
(1) The spouse of the member.
(2) An unmarried child of the member who—
(A) is under 21 years of age;
(B) is incapable of self-support because of mental or physical incapacity and is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the child’s support; or
(C) is under 23 years of age, is enrolled in a full-time course of study in an institution of higher education approved by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this subparagraph, and is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the child’s support.
(3) A parent of the member if—
(A) the parent is in fact dependent on the member for more than one-half of the parent’s support;
(B) the parent has been so dependent for a period prescribed by the Secretary concerned or became so dependent due to a change of circumstances arising after the member entered on active duty; and
(C) the dependency of the parent on the member is determined on the basis of an affidavit submitted by the parent and any other evidence required under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(4) An unmarried person who—
(A) is placed in the legal custody of the member as a result of an order of a court of competent jurisdiction in the United States (or Puerto Rico or a possession of the United States) for a period of at least 12 consecutive months;
(B) either—
(i) has not attained the age of 21;
(ii) has not attained the age of 23 years and is enrolled in a full time course of study at an institution of higher learning approved by the Secretary concerned; or
(iii) is incapable of self support because of a mental or physical incapacity that occurred while the person was considered a dependent of the member or former member under this paragraph pursuant to clause (i) or (ii);
(C) is dependent on the member for over one-half of the person’s support;
(D) resides with the member unless separated by the necessity of military service or to receive institutional care as a result of disability or incapacitation or under such other circumstances as the Secretary concerned may by regulation prescribe; and
(E) is not a dependent of a member under any other paragraph.
(b)Other Definitions.—For purposes of subsection (a):
(1) The term “child” includes—
(A) a stepchild of the member (except that such term does not include a stepchild after the divorce of the member from the stepchild’s parent by blood);
(B) an adopted child of the member, including a child placed in the home of the member by a placement agency (recognized by the Secretary of Defense) in anticipation of the legal adoption of the child by the member; and
(C) an illegitimate child of the member if the member’s parentage of the child is established in accordance with criteria prescribed in regulations by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The term “parent” means—
(A) a natural parent of the member;
(B) a stepparent of the member;
(C) a parent of the member by adoption;
(D) a parent, stepparent, or adopted parent of the spouse of the member; and
(E) any other person, including a former stepparent, who has stood in loco parentis to the member at any time for a continuous period of at least five years before the member became 21 years of age.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 469; Pub. L. 93–64, title I, §§ 103, 104, July 9, 1973, 87 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 100–26, § 8(e)(7), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 286; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, § 621, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1377; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, § 631(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1683; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VII, § 701(b), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2797.)
§ 402. Basic allowance for subsistence
(a)Entitlement to Allowance.—
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or otherwise provided by law, each member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence as set forth in this section.
(2) An enlisted member is not entitled to the basic allowance for subsistence during basic training.
(b)Rates of Allowance Based on Food Costs.—
(1) The monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence to be in effect for an enlisted member for a year (beginning on January 1 of that year) shall be equal to the sum of—
(A) the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence that was in effect for an enlisted member for the preceding year; plus
(B) the product of the monthly rate under subparagraph (A) and the percentage increase in the monthly cost of a liberal food plan for a male in the United States who is between 20 and 50 years of age over the preceding fiscal year, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture each October 1.
(2) The monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence to be in effect for an officer for a year (beginning on January 1 of that year) shall be the amount equal to the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence in effect for officers for the preceding year, increased by the same percentage by which the rate of basic allowance for subsistence for enlisted members for the preceding year is increased effective on such January 1.
(3) For purposes of implementing paragraph (1), the monthly rate of basic allowance for subsistence that was in effect for an enlisted member for calendar year 2001 is deemed to be $233.
(c)Advance Payment.—The allowance to an enlisted member may be paid in advance for a period of not more than three months.
(d)Special Rate for Enlisted Members Occupying Single Quarters Without Adequate Availability of Meals.—The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, may pay an enlisted member the basic allowance for subsistence under this section at a monthly rate that is twice the amount in effect under subsection (b)(1) while—
(1) the member is assigned to single Government quarters which have no adequate food storage or preparation facility in the quarters; and
(2) there is no Government messing facility serving those quarters that is capable of making meals available to the occupants of the quarters.
(e)Special Rule for Certain Enlisted Reserve Members.—Unless entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, an enlisted member of a reserve component may receive, at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, rations in kind, or a part thereof, when the member’s instruction or duty periods, as described in section 206(a) of this title, total at least 8 hours in a calendar day. The Secretary concerned may provide an enlisted member who could be provided rations in kind under the preceding sentence with a commutation when rations in kind are not available.
(f)Special Rule for High-Cost Duty Locations and Other Unique and Unusual Circumstances.—The Secretary of Defense may authorize a member of the armed forces who is not entitled to the meals portion of the per diem in connection with an assignment in a high-cost duty location or under other unique and unusual circumstances, as determined by the Secretary, to receive any or all of the following:
(1) Meals at no cost to the member, regardless of the entitlement of the member to a basic allowance for subsistence under subsection (a).
(2) A basic allowance for subsistence at the standard rate, regardless of the entitlement of the member for all meals or select meals during the duty day.
(3) A supplemental subsistence allowance at a rate higher than the basic allowance for subsistence rates in effect under this section, regardless of the entitlement of the member for all meals or select meals during the duty day.
(g)Policies on Use of Dining and Messing Facilities.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, shall prescribe policies regarding use of dining and field messing facilities of the uniformed services.
(h)No Payment for Meals Received at Military Treatment Facilities.—
(1) A member of the armed forces who is undergoing medical recuperation or therapy, or is otherwise in the status of continuous care, including outpatient care, at a military treatment facility for an injury, illness, or disease described in paragraph (2) shall not be required to pay any charge for meals provided to the member by the military treatment facility.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated by a member while the member was serving on active duty—
(A) in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom; or
(B) in any other operation designated by the Secretary of Defense as a combat operation or in an area designated by the Secretary as a combat zone.
(i)Regulations.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section. Before prescribing the regulations, the Secretary shall consult with each Secretary concerned.
(2) The regulations shall include the specific rates of basic allowance for subsistence required by subsection (b).
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 470; Pub. L. 89–444, § 2(2), June 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 198; Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(1)–(5), Sept. 19, 1974, 88 Stat. 1152; Pub. L. 96–513, title IV, § 411, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2905; Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, § 908(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 605, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2537; Pub. L. 98–557, § 17(d), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2868; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1303(b)(5), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 740; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, § 602(a)–(c)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 356, 357; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 602(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1771; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, § 604(a), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2037; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 603(a), (b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–144, 1654A–145; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 604(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1133; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, § 603, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2566; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VI, § 604, title X, § 1045(b)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1499, 1612; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 607(a), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3288; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, § 603(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2245; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 614(h), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 149; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VI, § 602, Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4483.)
§ 402a. Supplemental subsistence allowance for low-income members with dependents
(a)Supplemental Allowance Required.—
(1) The Secretary concerned shall increase the basic allowance for subsistence to which a member of the armed forces described in subsection (b) is otherwise entitled under section 402 of this title by an amount (in this section referred to as the “supplemental subsistence allowance”) designed to remove the member’s household from eligibility for benefits under the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
(2) The supplemental subsistence allowance may not exceed $1,100 per month. In establishing the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance to be paid an eligible member under this paragraph, the Secretary shall take into consideration the amount of the basic allowance for housing that the member receives under section 403 of this title or would otherwise receive under such section, in the case of a member who is not entitled to that allowance as a result of assignment to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service.
(3) In the case of a member described in subsection (b) who establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary concerned that the allotment of the member’s household under the supplemental nutrition assistance program, calculated in the absence of the supplemental subsistence allowance, would exceed the amount established by the Secretary concerned under paragraph (2), the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance for the member shall be equal to the lesser of the following:
(A) The value of that allotment.
(B) $1,100.
(b)Members Entitled to Allowance.—
(1) Subject to subsection (d) and paragraph (4), a member of the armed forces with dependents is entitled to receive the supplemental subsistence allowance if the Secretary concerned determines that the member’s income, together with the income of the rest of the member’s household (if any), is within the highest income standard of eligibility, as then in effect under section 5(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2014(c)) and without regard to paragraph (1) of such section, for participation in the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
(2) In determining whether a member meets the eligibility criteria under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall take into consideration the amount of the basic allowance for housing that the member receives under section 403 of this title or would otherwise receive under such section, in the case of a member who is not entitled to that allowance as a result of assignment to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service.
(3) In determining whether a member meets the eligibility criteria under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall not take into consideration—
(A) the amount of the supplemental subsistence allowance that is payable under this section;
(B) the amount of any special pay that is payable to the member under section 310 or 351 of this title, relating to duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger; or
(C) the amount of any family separation allowance that is payable to the member under section 427 of this title.
(4) After September 30, 2016, a member is eligible for a supplemental subsistence allowance under this section only if the member is serving outside the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or Guam.
(c)Application for Allowance.—To request the supplemental subsistence allowance, a member shall submit an application to the Secretary concerned in such form and containing such information as the Secretary concerned may prescribe. A member applying for the supplemental subsistence allowance shall furnish such evidence regarding the member’s satisfaction of the eligibility criteria under subsection (b) as the Secretary concerned may require.
(d)Effective Period.—The entitlement of a member to receive the supplemental subsistence allowance terminates upon the occurrence of any of the following events, even though the member continues to meet the eligibility criteria described in subsection (b):
(1) Payment of the supplemental subsistence allowance for 12 consecutive months.
(2) Promotion of the member to a higher grade.
(3) Transfer of the member in a permanent change of station.
(e)Reapplication.—Upon the termination of the effective period of the supplemental subsistence allowance for a member, or in anticipation of the imminent termination of the allowance, a member may reapply for the allowance under subsection (c), and the Secretary concerned shall approve the application and resume payment of the allowance to the member, if the member continues to meet, or once again meets, the eligibility criteria described in subsection (b).
(f)Eligibility for Other Federal Assistance.—
(1) A child or spouse of a member of the armed forces receiving the supplemental subsistence allowance under this section who, except on account of the receipt of such allowance, would be eligible to receive a benefit described in paragraph (2) shall be considered to be eligible for that benefit notwithstanding the receipt of such allowance.
(2) The benefits referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
(A) Assistance provided under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.).
(B) Assistance provided under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).
(C) A service provided under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.).
(D) Assistance under the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 1
1 See References in Text note below.
et seq.).
(3) A household that includes a member of the armed forces receiving the supplemental subsistence allowance under this section and that, except on account of the receipt of such allowance, would be eligible to receive a benefit under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 8621 et seq.) shall be considered to be eligible for that benefit notwithstanding the receipt of such allowance.
(g)Definitions.—In this section:
(1) The term “Secretary concerned” means—
(A) the Secretary of Defense; and
(B) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) The terms “allotment” and “household” have the meanings given those terms in section 3 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
(3) The term “supplemental nutrition assistance program” means the program established pursuant to section 4 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013).
(Added Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 604(a)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–145; amended Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 604(d), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1134; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 602(a), (b), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1943; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 608, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3289; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1071(c)(6), (e)(4), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2401; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(T), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1095–1097; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(T), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1858; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, § 602(a), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2347; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, § 1063(a), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1586; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, § 602, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 836; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VI, § 618(h)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2160.)
§ 402b. Basic needs allowance for members on active service in the Armed Forces
(a)Allowance Required.—The Secretary concerned shall pay to each member who is eligible under subsection (b) a basic needs allowance in the amount determined for such member under subsection (c).
(b)Eligible Members.—A member on active service in the armed forces is eligible for the allowance under subsection (a) if—
(1) the member has completed initial entry training;
(2)
(A) the gross household income of the member during the most recent calendar year did not exceed an amount equal to 150 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and Human Services for the location of the member and the number of individuals in the household of the member for such year; or
(B) if the Secretary concerned determines it appropriate (based on location, household need, or special circumstance), the gross household income of the member during the most recent calendar year did not exceed an amount equal to 200 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and Human Services for the location of the member and the number of individuals in the household of the member for such year; and
(3) the member—
(A) is not ineligible for the allowance under subsection (d); and
(B) does not elect under subsection (g) not to receive the allowance.
(c)Amount of Allowance.—The amount of the monthly allowance payable to a member under subsection (a) shall be the amount equal to—
(1)
(A) 150 percent (or, in the case of a member described in subsection (b)(2)(B), 200 percent) of the Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and Human Services for the calendar year during which the allowance is paid based on the location of the member and the number of individuals in the household of the member during the month for which the allowance is paid; minus
(B) the gross household income of the member during the preceding calendar year; divided by
(2) 12.
(d)Bases of Ineligibility.—
(1)In general.—The following members are ineligible for the allowance under subsection (a):
(A) A member who does not have any dependents.
(B) A cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the Coast Guard Academy, a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, or a cadet or midshipman serving elsewhere in the armed forces.
(2)Household with more than one eligible member.—In the event a household contains two or more members determined under subsection (f) to be eligible to receive the allowance under subsection (a), only one allowance may be paid to a member among such members as such members shall jointly elect.
(3)Automatic ineligibility of members receiving certain pay increases.—A member determined to be eligible under subsection (f) for the allowance under subsection (a) whose monthly gross household income increases as a result of a promotion or other permanent increase to pay or allowances under this title to an amount that, on an annualized basis, would exceed the amount described in subsection (b)(2) is ineligible for the allowance. If such member is receiving the allowance, payment of the allowance shall automatically terminate within a reasonable time, as determined by the Secretary of Defense in regulations prescribed under subsection (j).
(4)Ineligibility of certain changes in income.—A member whose gross household income for the preceding year decreases because of a fine, forfeiture, or reduction in rank imposed as a part of disciplinary action or an action under chapter 47 of title 10 (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is not eligible for the allowance under subsection (a) solely as a result of the fine, forfeiture, or reduction in rank.
(e)Application by Members Seeking Allowance.—
(1)In general.—A member who seeks to receive the allowance under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary concerned an application for the allowance that includes such information as the Secretary may require in order to determine whether or not the member is eligible to receive the allowance.
(2)Timing of submission.—A member who receives the allowance under subsection (a) and seeks to continue to receive the allowance shall submit to the Secretary concerned an updated application under paragraph (1) at such times as the Secretary may require, but not less frequently than annually.
(3)Voluntary submission.—The submission of an application under paragraph (1) is voluntary.
(4)Screening of members for eligibility.—The Secretary of Defense shall—
(A) ensure that all members of the armed forces are screened during initial entry training and regularly thereafter for eligibility for the allowance under subsection (a); and
(B) notify any member so screened who may be eligible that the member may apply for the allowance by submitting an application under paragraph (1).
(f)Determinations of Eligibility.—
(1)In general.—The Secretary concerned shall—
(A) determine which members of the armed forces are eligible under subsection (b); and
(B) notify each such member, in writing, of that determination.
(2)Information included in notice.—The notice under paragraph (1) shall include information regarding financial management and assistance programs for which the member may be eligible.
(g)Election Not to Receive Allowance.—
(1)In general.—A member determined under subsection (f) to be eligible for the allowance under subsection (a) may elect, in writing, not to receive the allowance.
(2)Deemed ineligible.—A member who does not submit an application under subsection (e) within a reasonable time (as determined by the Secretary concerned) shall be deemed ineligible for the allowance under subsection (a).
(h)Special Rule for Members Stationed Outside United States.—In the case of a member assigned to a duty location outside the United States, the Secretary concerned shall make the calculations described in subsections (b)(2) and (c)(1) using the Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and Human Services for the continental United States.
(i)Regulations.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.
(j)Effective Period.—
(1)Implementation period.—The allowance under subsection (a) is payable for months beginning on or after the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022.
(2)Termination.—The allowance under subsection (a) may not be paid for any month beginning after December 31, 2027.
(k)Definitions.—In this section:
(1)Gross household income.—The term “gross household income”, with respect to a member of the armed forces, includes—
(A) all household income, derived from any source; minus
(B) in the case of a member whom the Secretary concerned determines resides in an area with a high cost of living, any portion of the basic allowance for housing under section 403 of this title that the Secretary concerned elects to exclude.
(2)Household.—The term “household” means a member of the armed forces and any dependents of the member enrolled in the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System, regardless of the location of those dependents.
(Added Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title VI, § 601(a), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 1761; amended Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 611(a), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2622; Pub. L. 117–328, div. O, title II, § 201(a), Dec. 29, 2022, 136 Stat. 5226.)
§ 403. Basic allowance for housing
(a)General Entitlement.—
(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a basic allowance for housing at the monthly rates prescribed under this section or another provision of law with regard to the applicable component of the basic allowance for housing. The amount of the basic allowance for housing for a member will vary according to the pay grade in which the member is assigned or distributed for basic pay purposes, the dependency status of the member, and the geographic location of the member. The basic allowance for housing may be paid in advance.
(2) A member of a uniformed service with dependents is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing as a member with dependents unless the member makes a certification to the Secretary concerned indicating the status of each dependent of the member. The certification shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(b)Basic Allowance for Housing Inside the United States.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe the rates of the basic allowance for housing that are applicable for the various military housing areas in the United States. The rates for an area shall be based on the costs of adequate housing determined for the area under paragraph (2).
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall determine the costs of adequate housing in a military housing area in the United States for all members of the uniformed services entitled to a basic allowance for housing in that area. The Secretary shall base the determination upon the costs of adequate housing for civilians with comparable income levels in the same area. After June 30, 2001, the Secretary may not differentiate between members with dependents in pay grades E–1 through E–4 in determining what constitutes adequate housing for members.
(3)
(A) The monthly amount of the basic allowance for housing for an area of the United States for a member of a uniformed service shall be the amount equal to the difference between—
(i) the amount of the monthly cost of adequate housing in that area, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, for members of the uniformed services serving in the same pay grade and with the same dependency status as the member; and
(ii)
(B) The percentage to be used for purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be determined by the Secretary of Defense and may not exceed the following:
(i) One percent for months occurring during 2015.
(ii) Two percent for months occurring during 2016.
(iii) Three percent for months occurring during 2017.
(iv) Four percent for months occurring during 2018.
(v) Five percent for months occurring after 2018.
(4) An adjustment in the rates of the basic allowance for housing under this subsection as a result of the Secretary’s redetermination of housing costs in an area shall take effect on the same date as the effective date of the next increase in basic pay under section 1009 of this title or other provision of law.
(5) On and after July 1, 2001, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a single monthly rate for members of the uniformed services with dependents in pay grades E–1 through E–4 in the same military housing area. The rate shall be consistent with the rates paid to members in pay grades other than pay grades E–1 through E–4 and shall be based on the following:
(A) The average cost of a two-bedroom apartment in that military housing area.
(B) One-half of the difference between the average cost of a two-bedroom townhouse in that area and the amount determined in subparagraph (A).
(6) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for housing within an area of the United States, the monthly amount of the allowance for the member may not be reduced as a result of changes in housing costs in the area or the promotion of the member.
(7)
(A) Under the authority of this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing otherwise prescribed for a military housing area or a portion of a military housing area if the military housing area or portion thereof—
(i) is located in an area covered by a declaration by the President under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) that a major disaster exists; or
(ii) contains one or more military installations that are experiencing a sudden increase in the number of members of the armed forces assigned to the installation.
(B) The Secretary of Defense shall base the amount of the increase to be made in the rates of basic allowance for housing for an area on a determination by the Secretary of the amount by which the costs of adequate housing for civilians have increased in the area by reason of the disaster or the influx of military personnel, except that the increase may not exceed the amount equal to 20 percent of the rate of basic allowance for housing otherwise prescribed for the area.
(C) A member may be paid a basic allowance for housing at a rate increased under this paragraph only if the member certifies to the Secretary concerned that the member has incurred increased housing costs in the area by reason of the disaster or the influx of military personnel.
(D) Subject to subparagraph (E), an increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing in an area under this paragraph shall remain in effect until the effective date of the first adjustment in rates of basic allowance for housing made for the area pursuant to a redetermination of housing costs in the area under this subsection that occurs after the date of the increase under this paragraph.
(E) An increase in the rates of basic allowance for housing for an area may not be prescribed under this paragraph or continue after December 31, 2023.
(8)
(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary adjustment in the current rates of basic allowance for housing for a military housing area or a portion thereof (in this paragraph, “BAH rates”) if the Secretary determines that the actual costs of adequate housing for civilians in that military housing area or portion thereof differs from the current BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
(B) Any temporary adjustment in BAH rates under this paragraph shall remain in effect only until the effective date of the first adjustment of BAH rates for the affected military housing area that occurs after the date of the adjustment under this paragraph.
(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on December 31, 2023.
(c)Basic Allowance for Housing Outside the United States.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe an overseas basic allowance for housing for a member of a uniformed service who is on duty outside of the United States. The Secretary shall establish the basic allowance for housing under this subsection on the basis of housing costs in the overseas area in which the member is assigned.
(2) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for housing in an overseas area and the actual monthly cost of housing for the member is not reduced, the monthly amount of the allowance in an area outside the United States may not be reduced as a result of changes in housing costs in the area or the promotion of the member. The monthly amount of the allowance may be adjusted to reflect changes in currency rates.
(3)
(A) In the case of a member of the uniformed services authorized to receive an allowance under paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned may make a lump-sum payment to the member for required deposits and advance rent, and for expenses relating thereto, that are—
(i) incurred by the member in occupying private housing outside of the United States; and
(ii) authorized or approved under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.
(B) Expenses for which a member may be reimbursed under this paragraph may include losses relating to housing that are sustained by the member as a result of fluctuations in the relative value of the currencies of the United States and the foreign country in which the housing is located.
(C) The Secretary concerned shall recoup the full amount of any deposit or advance rent payments made by the Secretary under subparagraph (A), including any gain resulting from currency fluctuations between the time of payment and the time of recoupment.
(d)Basic Allowance for Housing When Dependents Do Not Accompany Member.—
(1) A member of a uniformed service with dependents who is on permanent duty at a location described in paragraph (2) may be paid a family separation basic allowance for housing under this subsection at a monthly rate equal to the rate of the basic allowance for housing established under subsection (b) or the overseas basic allowance for housing established under subsection (c), whichever applies to that location, for members in the same grade at that location without dependents.
(2) A permanent duty location referred to in paragraph (1) is a location—
(A) to which the movement of the member’s dependents is not authorized at the expense of the United States under section 452 of this title, and the member’s dependents do not reside at or near the location; and
(B) at which quarters of the United States are not available for assignment to the member.
(3) If a member with dependents is assigned to duty in an area that is different from the area in which the member’s dependents reside, the member is entitled to a basic allowance for housing as provided in subsection (b) or (c), whichever applies to the member, subject to the following:
(A) If the member’s assignment to duty in that area, or the circumstances of that assignment, require the member’s dependents to reside in a different area, as determined by the Secretary concerned, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member shall be based on the area in which the dependents reside or the member’s last duty station, whichever the Secretary concerned determines to be most equitable.
(B) If the member’s assignment to duty in that area is under the conditions of a low-cost or no-cost permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member shall be based on the member’s last duty station if the Secretary concerned determines that it would be inequitable to base the allowance on the cost of housing in the area to which the member is reassigned.
(C) If the member is reassigned for a permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment from a duty station in the United States to another duty station in the United States for a period of not more than one year for the purpose of participating in professional military education or training classes, the amount of the basic allowance for housing for the member may be based on whichever of the following areas the Secretary concerned determines will provide the more equitable basis for the allowance:
(i) The area of the duty station to which the member is reassigned.
(ii) The area in which the dependents reside, but only if the dependents reside in that area when the member departs for the duty station to which the member is reassigned and only for the period during which the dependents reside in that area.
(iii) The area of the former duty station of the member, if different than the area in which the dependents reside.
(4) A family separation basic allowance for housing paid to a member under this subsection is in addition to any other allowance or per diem that the member receives under this title. A member may receive a basic allowance for housing under both paragraphs (1) and (3).
(e)Effect of Assignment to Quarters.—
(1) Except as otherwise provided by law, a member of a uniformed service who is assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service appropriate to the grade, rank, or rating of the member and adequate for the member and dependents of the member, if with dependents, is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing.
(2) A member without dependents who is in a pay grade above pay grade E–6 and who is assigned to quarters in the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service, appropriate to the grade or rank of the member and adequate for the member, may elect not to occupy those quarters and instead to receive the basic allowance for housing prescribed for the member’s pay grade by this section.
(3) A member without dependents who is in pay grade E–6 and who is assigned to quarters of the United States that do not meet the minimum adequacy standards established by the Secretary of Defense for members in such pay grade, or to a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service that does not meet such standards, may elect not to occupy such quarters or facility and instead to receive the basic allowance for housing prescribed for the member’s pay grade under this section.
(4) The Secretary concerned may deny the right to make an election under paragraph (2) or (3) if the Secretary determines that the exercise of such an election would adversely affect a training mission, military discipline, or military readiness.
(5) A member with dependents who is assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service may be paid the basic allowance for housing if, because of orders of competent authority, the dependents are prevented from occupying those quarters.
(f)Ineligibility During Initial Field Duty or Sea Duty.—
(1) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who makes a permanent change of station for assignment to a unit conducting field operations is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing while on that initial field duty unless the commanding officer of the member certifies that the member was necessarily required to procure quarters at the member’s expense.
(2)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), a member of a uniformed service without dependents who is in a pay grade below pay grade E–6 is not entitled to a basic allowance for housing while the member is on sea duty.
(B) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may authorize the payment of a basic allowance for housing to a member of a uniformed service without dependents who is serving in pay grade E–4 or E–5 and is assigned to sea duty. In prescribing regulations under this subparagraph, the Secretary concerned shall consider the availability of quarters for members serving in pay grades E–4 and E–5.
(C) Notwithstanding section 421 of this title, a member of a uniformed service in a pay grade below pay grade E–6 who is assigned to sea duty and is married to another member of a uniformed service is entitled to a basic allowance for housing subject to the limitations of subsection (e).
(3) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy, shall prescribe regulations defining the terms “field duty” and “sea duty” for purposes of this section.
(g)Reserve Members.—
(1) A member of a reserve component without dependents who is called or ordered to active duty to attend accession training, in support of a contingency operation, or for a period of more than 30 days, or a retired member without dependents who is ordered to active duty under section 688(a) of title 10 in support of a contingency operation or for a period of more than 30 days, may not be denied a basic allowance for housing if, because of that call or order, the member is unable to continue to occupy a residence—
(A) which is maintained as the primary residence of the member at the time of the call or order; and
(B) which is owned by the member or for which the member is responsible for rental payments.
(2) The Secretary concerned may provide a basic allowance for housing to a member described in paragraph (1) at a monthly rate equal to the rate of the basic allowance for housing established under subsection (b) or the overseas basic allowance for housing established under subsection (c), whichever applies to the location at which the member is serving, for members in the same grade at that location without dependents. The member may receive both a basic allowance for housing under paragraph (1) and under this paragraph for the same month, but may not receive the portion of the allowance authorized under section 452 of this title, if any, for lodging expenses if a basic allowance for housing is provided under this paragraph.
(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply if the member is authorized transportation of household goods under section 453(c) of this title as part of the call or order to active duty described in such paragraph.
(4) The rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to the following members of a reserve component shall be equal to the rate in effect for similarly situated members of a regular component of the uniformed services:
(A) A member who is called or ordered to active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
(B) A member who is called or ordered to active duty for a period of 30 days or less in support of a contingency operation.
(5) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to a member of a reserve component while the member serves on active duty under a call or order to active duty specifying a period of 30 days or less, unless the call or order to active duty is in support of a contingency operation.
(6)
(A) This paragraph applies with respect to a member of a reserve component who performs active Guard and Reserve duty (as defined in section 101(d)(6) of title 10).
(B) The rate of basic allowance for housing to be paid to a member described in subparagraph (A) shall be based on the member’s permanent duty station, even during instances in which the member is mobilized for service on active duty other than active Guard and Reserve duty.
(C)
(i) During transitions in service status from active Guard and Reserve duty to other active duty and back to active Guard and Reserve duty, or following the start of new periods of service resulting from a change in orders, a member described in subparagraph (A) shall be considered as retaining uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for housing in an area as provided for under subsections (b)(6) and (c)(2) so long as the member remains on active duty without a break in service.
(ii) Clause (i) does not apply if the member’s permanent duty station changes as a result of orders directing a permanent change in station with the authority for the movement of household goods.
(iii) For purposes of clause (i), a break in active service occurs when one or more calendar days between active service periods do not qualify as active service.
(D) Subsections (d)(3) and (o) also apply to a member described in subparagraph (A).
(h)Rental of Public Quarters.—Notwithstanding any other law (including those restricting the occupancy of housing facilities under the jurisdiction of a department or agency of the United States by members, and their dependents, of the armed forces above specified grades, or by members, and their dependents, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Public Health Service), a member of a uniformed service, and the dependents of the member, may be accepted as tenants in, and may occupy on a rental basis, any of those housing facilities, other than public quarters constructed or designated for assignment to an occupancy without charge by such a member and the dependents of the member, if any. Such a member may not, because of occupancy under this subsection, be deprived of any money allowance to which the member is otherwise entitled for the rental of quarters.
(i)A member of a uniformed service is entitled to a temporary basic allowance for housing (at a rate determined by the Secretary of Defense) while the member is in a travel or leave status between permanent duty stations, including time granted as delay en route or proceed time, when the member is not assigned to quarters of the United States.
(j)Aviation Cadets.—The eligibility of an aviation cadet of the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard for a basic allowance for housing shall be determined as if the aviation cadet were a member of the uniformed services in pay grade E–4.
(k)Administration.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.
(2) The Secretary concerned may make such determinations as may be necessary to administer this section, including determinations of dependency and relationship. When warranted by the circumstances, the Secretary concerned may reconsider and change or modify any such determination. The authority of the Secretary concerned under this subsection may be delegated. Any determination made under this section with regard to a member of the uniformed services is final and is not subject to review by any accounting officer of the United States or a court, unless there is fraud or gross negligence.
(3) Parking facilities (including utility connections) provided members of the uniformed services for house trailers and mobile homes not owned by the Government shall not be considered to be quarters for the purposes of this section or any other provision of law. Any fees established by the Government for the use of such a facility shall be established in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of maintenance, services, and utilities and to amortize the cost of construction of the facility over the 25-year period beginning with the completion of such construction.
(l)Temporary Continuation of Allowance for Dependents of Members Dying on Active Duty.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard when not operating as a service in the Navy, may allow the dependents of a member of the armed forces who dies on active duty and whose dependents are occupying family housing provided by the Department of Defense, or by the Department of Homeland Security in the case of the Coast Guard, other than on a rental basis on the date of the member’s death to continue to occupy such housing without charge for a period of 365 days.
(2) The Secretary concerned may pay a basic allowance for housing (at the rate that is payable for members of the same grade and dependency status as the deceased member for the area where the dependents are residing) to the dependents of a member of the uniformed services who dies while on active duty and whose dependents—
(A) are not occupying a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service on the date of the member’s death;
(B) are occupying such housing on a rental basis on such date; or
(C) vacate such housing sooner than 365 days after the date of the member’s death.
(3) An allowance may be paid under paragraph (2) to the spouse of the deceased member even though the spouse is also a member of the uniformed services. The allowance paid under such paragraph is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the spouse is entitled as a member.
(4) The payment of the allowance under paragraph (2) shall terminate 365 days after the date of the member’s death.
(m)Temporary Continuation of Rate of Basic Allowance for Members of the Armed Forces Whose Sole Dependent Dies While Residing With the Member.—
(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a)(2) or any other section of law, the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, may, after the death of the sole dependent of a member of the armed forces, continue to pay a basic allowance for housing to such member at the rate paid to such member on the date of such death if—
(A) such sole dependent dies—
(i) while the member is on active duty; and
(ii) while residing with the member, unless separated by the necessity of military service or to receive institutional care as a result of disability or incapacitation or under such other circumstances as the Secretary concerned may by regulation prescribe; and
(B) the member is not occupying a housing facility under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned on the date of the death of the sole dependent.
(2) The continuation of the rate of an allowance under this subsection shall terminate upon the earlier of the following to occur:
(A) The day that is one year after the date of the death of the sole dependent.
(B) The permanent change of station, or permanent change of assignment with movement of personal property and household goods under section 453(c) of this title, of the member.
(n)Members Paying Child Support.—
(1) A member of a uniformed service with dependents may not be paid a basic allowance for housing at the with dependents rate solely by reason of the payment of child support by the member if—
(A) the member is assigned to a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service; or
(B) the member is assigned to sea duty, and elects not to occupy assigned quarters for unaccompanied personnel, unless the member is in a pay grade above E–3.
(2) A member of a uniformed service assigned to quarters of the United States or a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service who is not otherwise authorized a basic allowance for housing and who pays child support is entitled to the basic allowance for housing differential, except for months for which the amount payable for the child support is less than the rate of the differential. Payment of a basic allowance for housing differential does not affect any entitlement of the member to a partial allowance for quarters under subsection (n).
(3) The basic allowance for housing differential to which a member is entitled under paragraph (2) is the amount equal to the difference between—
(A) the rate of the basic allowance for quarters (with dependents) for the member’s pay grade, as such rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under this section (as in effect on that date); and
(B) the rate of the basic allowance for quarters (without dependents) for the member’s pay grade, as such rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under this section (as in effect on that date).
(4) Whenever the rates of basic pay for members of the uniformed services are increased, the monthly amount of the basic allowance for housing differential computed under paragraph (3) shall be increased by the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay. The effective date of the increase shall be the same date as the effective date of the increase in the rates of basic pay.
(5) In the case of two members, who have one or more common dependents (and no others), who are not married to each other, and one of whom pays child support to the other, the amount of the basic allowance for housing paid to each member under this section shall be reduced in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense. The total amount of the basic allowances for housing paid to the two members may not exceed the sum of the amounts of the allowance to which each member would be otherwise entitled under this section.
(o)Partial Allowance for Members Without Dependents.—
(1) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who is not entitled to receive a basic allowance for housing under subsection (b), (c), or (d) is entitled to a partial basic allowance for housing at a rate determined by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (2).
(2) The rate of the partial basic allowance for housing is the partial rate of the basic allowance for quarters for the member’s pay grade as such partial rate was in effect on December 31, 1997, under section 1009(c)(2) of this title (as such section was in effect on such date).
(p)Treatment of Certain Moves as Not Being Reassignments.—
(1) In the case of a member who is assigned to duty at a location or under circumstances that make it necessary for the member to be reassigned under the conditions of low-cost or no-cost permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment, the member may be treated for the purposes of this section as if the member were not reassigned if the Secretary concerned determines that it would be inequitable to base the member’s entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the cost of housing in the area to which the member is reassigned.
(2)
(A) In the case of a member without dependents who is assigned to a unit that undergoes a change of home port or a change of permanent duty station, if the Secretary concerned determines that it would be inequitable to base the member’s entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the new home port or permanent duty station, the Secretary concerned may—
(i) waive the requirement to base the member’s entitlement to, and amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the new home port or permanent duty station member; and
(ii) treat that member for the purposes of this section as if the unit to which the member is assigned did not undergo such a change.
(B) The Secretary concerned may grant a waiver under subparagraph (A) to not more than 100 members in a calendar year.
(C) Not later than March 1 of each calendar year, the Secretary concerned shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the use of the authority provided by subparagraph (A) during the preceding calendar year that includes—
(i) the number of members granted a waiver under subparagraph (A) during that year; and
(ii) for each such waiver, an identification of—(I) the grade of the member;(II) the home port or permanent duty station of the unit to which the member is assigned before the change described in subparagraph (A); and(III) the new home port or permanent duty station of that unit.
(D) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on December 31, 2027.
(q)Information on Rights and Protections Under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.—The Secretary concerned shall provide to each member of a uniformed service who receives a basic allowance for housing under this section information on the rights and protections available to such member under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.)—
(1) when such member first receives such basic allowance for housing; and
(2) each time such member receives a permanent change of station.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 470; Pub. L. 88–132, § 10, Oct. 2, 1963, 77 Stat. 216; Pub. L. 89–718, §§ 49(a)(1), 54, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1121, 1122; Pub. L. 90–207, § 1(3), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 651; Pub. L. 92–129, title II, § 204, Sept. 28, 1971, 85 Stat. 358; Pub. L. 93–64, title I, § 105, July 9, 1973, 87 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 93–419, § 3(6), Sept. 19, 1974, 88 Stat. 1152; Pub. L. 96–343, § 4(a)(1), (2), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1125; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 516(10), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2938; Pub. L. 96–579, §§ 6(a)–(c), 7, Dec. 23, 1980, 94 Stat. 3367, 3368; Pub. L. 97–22, § 11(b)(2), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 138; Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, § 907(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, §§ 602(c), 604(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2534, 2537; Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, §§ 604(a), 605(a), title VIII, § 809(b), title XIII, § 1303(b)(6), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 638, 681, 740; Pub. L. 99–227, § 1, Dec. 28, 1985, 99 Stat. 1745; Pub. L. 100–26, § 8(d)(5), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 285; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, §§ 602(a), 604(a), 632(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1373, 1374, 1380; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, § 604(a), (b), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2782; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, §§ 603(a), 604(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 357, 358; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, §§ 604(a)–(c), 605, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2540, 2541; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 603(a), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1775; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, § 603(a), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2037; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, §§ 605(a)–(d), 607, 608, title X, § 1087(b)(2)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–147 to 1654A–149, 1654A–292; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 605(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1134; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, § 602, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2566; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VI, § 605(a), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1500; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, §§ 603, 604, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 109–13, div. A, title I, § 1022(a), May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 251; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, §§ 609(a), 610, 611, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3289, 3290; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, §§ 604(a), 605(a), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2245, 2246; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, §§ 602(a), 603(b), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 145; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, §§ 601, 631(f)(4)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1447, 1465; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title VI, §§ 602, 603(a), 604(a), title X, § 1076(a)(9), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1773, 1774, 1948; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title VI, § 601, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 779; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title VI, §§ 602, 604(a), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3397, 3398; Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VI, §§ 603, 604, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 837; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VI, § 603, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2156; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VI, § 605, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1421; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VI, § 611(e), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1797; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title VI, §§ 605, 611(e), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1424, 1426; Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VI, §§ 603, 611(e), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3671, 3673; Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title VI, § 611(e), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 1769; Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, §§ 601(e), 612, 613(a), 614, 626(h)(1), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2620, 2623, 2629.)
§ 403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent change of station within the United States
(a)Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a Spouse or Other Dependents.—
(1)Housing treatment regulations.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of the armed forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing a permanent change of station within the United States to request the housing treatment described in subsection (b) during the covered relocation period of the member.
(2)Eligible members.—A member described in this paragraph is any member who—
(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or enrolled in a degree, certificate or license granting program at the beginning of the covered relocation period;
(B) has one or more dependents attending an elementary or secondary school at the beginning of the covered relocation period;
(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the Exceptional Family Member Program; or
(D) is caring for an immediate family member with a chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the covered relocation period.
(b)Housing Treatment.—
(1)Continuation of housing for the spouse and other dependents.—If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is approved resides in Government-owned or Government-leased housing at the beginning of the covered relocation period, the spouse or other dependent may continue to reside in such housing during a period determined in accordance with the regulations prescribed pursuant to this section.
(2)Early housing eligibility.—If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or Government-leased housing following the member’s permanent change of station within the United States, the spouse or other dependent may commence residing in such housing at any time during the covered relocation period.
(3)Temporary use of government-owned or government-leased housing intended for members without a spouse or dependent.—If a spouse or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different from the member in accordance with a request approved under subsection (a), the member may be assigned to Government-owned or Government-leased housing intended for the permanent housing of members without a spouse or dependent until the member’s detachment date or the spouse or other dependent’s arrival date, but only if such Government-owned or Government-leased housing is available without displacing a member without a spouse or dependent at such housing.
(4)Equitable basic allowance for housing.—If a spouse or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different from the member in accordance with a request approved under subsection (a), the amount of basic allowance for housing payable may be based on whichever of the following areas the Secretary concerned determines to be the most equitable:
(A) The area of the duty station to which the member is reassigned.
(B) The area in which the spouse or other dependent resides, but only if the spouse or other dependent resides in that area when the member departs for the duty station to which the member is reassigned, and only for the period during which the spouse or other dependent resides in that area.
(C) The area of the former duty station of the member, but only if that area is different from the area in which the spouse or other dependent resides.
(c)Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic Allowance for Housing Payments.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the payment or the amount of basic allowance for housing payable under section 403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under subsection (a) is approved.
(d)Housing Treatment Education.—The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section shall ensure the relocation assistance programs under section 1056 of title 10 include, as part of the assistance normally provided under such section, education about the housing treatment available under this section.
(e)Definitions.—In this section:
(1)Covered relocation period.—
(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the term “covered relocation period”, when used with respect to a permanent change of station of a member of the armed forces, means the period that—
(i) begins 180 days before the date of the permanent change of station; and
(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the permanent change of station.
(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section may provide for a shortening or lengthening of the covered relocation period of a member for purposes of this section.
(2)Dependent.—The term “dependent” has the meaning given that term in section 401 of this title.
(3)Permanent change of station.—The term “permanent change of station” means a permanent change of station described in section 452(b)(2) of this title.
(Added Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VI, § 604(a)(1), Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1419.)
§ 403b. Cost-of-living allowance in the continental United States
(a)Payment Authorized.—The Secretary concerned may pay a cost-of-living allowance to the eligible members of a uniformed service under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
(b)Eligible Members.—The following members are eligible to receive a cost-of-living allowance under this section:
(1) A member assigned to a high cost area in the continental United States.
(2) A member assigned to an unaccompanied tour of duty outside the continental United States if the primary dependent of the member resides in a high cost area in the continental United States.
(3) A member assigned to duty in the continental United States if the Secretary of the uniformed service concerned determines that—
(A) the primary dependent of the member must reside in a high cost area in the continental United States by reason of the member’s duty location or other circumstances; and
(B) it would be inequitable for the member’s eligibility for the allowance to be determined on the basis of the duty location of the member.
(c)High Cost Area Defined.—An area is a high cost area for a fiscal year for purposes of this section if the uniformed services cost of living for that area for the base period exceeds the average cost of living in the continental United States for such base period by at least the threshold percentage. The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, shall establish the threshold percentage, except that the threshold percentage may not be less than 8 percent. The administering Secretaries shall prescribe a higher threshold percentage to be applied for a fiscal year when it is necessary to do so in order to ensure that the total amount of the payments of the cost-of-living allowance made to members of the uniformed services under this section for such fiscal year does not exceed the total amount available to all uniformed services for that fiscal year for paying such allowance.
(d)Amount of Allowance.—The cost-of-living allowance that may be paid to a member for a high cost area for a fiscal year shall be the amount that is equal to the product of—
(1) the amount of the average spendable income determined applicable for the regular military compensation level of such member under subsection (g); and
(2) the percentage equal to the excess of—
(A) the percentage by which the uniformed services cost of living for the member’s high cost area for the base period exceeds the average cost of living in the continental United States for such base period, over
(B) the threshold percentage applicable to such fiscal year under subsection (c).
(e)Limitation to One Allowance.—If primary dependents of a member reside separately in different high cost areas—
(1) the member may be paid only one cost-of-living allowance under this section; and
(2) the cost-of-living allowance payable to the member shall be the highest of the amounts computed under this section for such high cost areas.
(f)Service Not Covered.—
(1) A cost-of-living allowance may not be paid a member under this section for the days authorized for travel of the member in connection with a permanent change of duty station.
(2) A member of a reserve component is not eligible for a cost-of-living allowance under this section unless the member is on active duty under a call or order to active duty that—
(A) specifies a period of 140 days or more; or
(B) states that the call or order to active duty is in support of a contingency operation.
(g)Average Spendable Income.—The Secretary of Defense shall determine, using a methodology and assumptions that the Secretary considers appropriate, the amounts of average spendable income of members of the uniformed services for various ranges of regular military compensation. For purposes of this subsection, spendable income is the total amount of regular military compensation that is available for purchase of goods and services after allocation of amounts for taxes, insurance, housing, gifts and contributions, and savings.
(h)Joint Regulations.—The Secretary of Defense and the other administering Secretaries shall jointly prescribe regulations to carry out this section.
(i)Other Definitions.—In this section:
(1) The term “primary dependent”, with respect to a member, means—
(A) the member’s spouse; or
(B) in the case of an unmarried member, a dependent described in paragraph (2) or (4) of section 401(a) of this title.
(2) The term “cost of living” means a price index selected by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, from among the following indices:
(A) The Consumer Price Index (all items–United States city average) published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
(B) Any other index developed in the private sector that the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, determines is comparable to the Consumer Price Index and is appropriate for use for purposes of this section.
(3) The term “uniformed services cost of living” means the price index selected as described in paragraph (2) and adjusted as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the other administering Secretaries, considers appropriate to reflect variations between expenses of members of the uniformed services (as offset by the basic allowance for subsistence) and the corresponding expenses of persons not members of the uniformed services with regard to the following:
(A) Nonhousing costs (including costs of transportation, goods, and services, taking into consideration savings attributable to use of such military facilities as commissary stores and exchange stores).
(B) Average income tax paid.
(C) Cost of health care.
(4) The term “base period”, with respect to a fiscal year, means the 12-month period ending on June 30 of the year in which such fiscal year begins.
(5) The term “administering Secretaries” means the following:
(A) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the armed forces (other than the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy).
(B) The Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(C) The Secretary of Commerce, with respect to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
(D) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service.
(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, § 602(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2779; amended Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, § 654(b)(2), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2582.)
[§ 404. Renumbered § 474]
[§ 404a. Renumbered § 474a]
[§ 404b. Renumbered § 474b]
§ 405. Travel and transportation allowances: per diem while on duty outside the continental United States
(a)Per Diem Authorized.—Without regard to the monetary limitation of this title, the Secretary concerned may pay a per diem to a member of the uniformed services who is on duty outside of the continental United States, whether or not the member is in a travel status. The Secretary may pay the per diem in advance of the accrual of the per diem.
(b)Determination of Per Diem.—In determining the per diem to be paid under this section, the Secretary concerned shall consider all elements of the cost of living to members of the uniformed services under the Secretary’s jurisdiction and their dependents, including the cost of quarters, subsistence, and other necessary incidental expenses. However, dependents may not be considered in determining the per diem allowance for a member in a travel status.
(c)Treatment of Housing Cost and Allowance.—Housing cost and allowance may be disregarded in prescribing a station cost of living allowance under this section.
(d)Unusual or Extraordinary Expenses.—
(1) The Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the uniformed services on duty as described in subsection (a) or (e) for an unusual or extraordinary expense incurred by the member incident to such duty that—
(A) is directly related to the conditions or location of the duty or the location of the member’s dependents;
(B) is of a nature or a magnitude not normally incurred by members of the uniformed services on duty inside the continental United States; and
(C) is not included in the per diem determined under subsection (b) as payable to the member under subsection (a) or (e).
(2) Any reimbursement provided to a member under paragraph (1) is in addition to a per diem payable to that member under subsection (a) or (e).
(e)Payment of Allowance Based on Overseas Location of Dependents.—In the case of a member assigned to duty inside the continental United States whose dependents continue to reside outside the continental United States, the Secretary concerned may pay the member a per diem under this section based on the location of the dependents and provide reimbursement under subsection (d) for an unusual or extraordinary expense incurred by the dependents if the Secretary determines that such payment or reimbursement is in the best interest of the member or the member’s dependents and in the best interest of the United States.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 473, § 405; Pub. L. 89–718, § 57, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1123; Pub. L. 91–486, Oct. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, § 807(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 813; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 602(e), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2536; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1303(b)(8), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 741; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, § 622(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1446; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, § 622(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1683; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 603(c)(2), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1781; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, § 603(b), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2037; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 641(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–160; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 605(a), (b)(1), (2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1945; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 612, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3291; renumbered § 475 and amended Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(d)(2), (e)(4), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1460, 1462; renumbered § 405 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VI, § 604(a), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3672.)
[§ 405a. Renumbered § 475a]
[§ 406. Renumbered § 476]
[§ 406a. Renumbered § 476a]
[§ 406b. Renumbered § 476b]
[§ 406c. Renumbered § 476c]
[§ 407. Renumbered § 477]
[§ 408. Renumbered § 478]
[§ 408a. Renumbered § 478a]
[§ 409. Renumbered § 479]
[§ 410. Renumbered § 480]
[§ 411. Renumbered § 481]
[§ 411a. Renumbered § 481a]
[§ 411b. Renumbered § 481b]
[§ 411c. Renumbered § 481c]
[§ 411d. Renumbered § 481d]
[§ 411e. Renumbered § 481e]
[§ 411f. Renumbered § 481f]
[§ 411g. Repealed. Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(c), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1460]
[§ 411h. Renumbered § 481h]
[§ 411i. Renumbered § 481i]
[§ 411j. Renumbered § 481j]
[§ 411k. Renumbered § 481k]
[§ 411l. Renumbered § 481l]
[§ 412. Renumbered § 455]
§ 413. Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

The Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are entitled to the allowances provided by law for the Chief of Staff of the Army.

(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 476; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XIII, § 1314(c)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1176.)
§ 414. Personal money allowance
(a)Allowance for Officers Serving in Certain Ranks or Positions.—In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by this title, an officer who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to a personal money allowance of—
(1) $500 a year, while serving in the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral, or in an equivalent grade or rank;
(2) $1,200 a year, in place of any other personal money allowance authorized by this section while serving as Surgeon General of the Public Health Service;
(3) $2,200 a year, in addition to the personal money allowance authorized by clause (1), while serving as a senior member of the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations;
(4) $2,200 a year, while serving in the grade of general or admiral, or in an equivalent grade or rank; or
(5)
(b)Allowance for Senior Enlisted Members.—In addition to other pay or allowances authorized by this title, a noncommissioned officer is entitled to a personal money allowance of $2,000 a year while serving as the Sergeant Major of the Army, the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy, the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force, the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, the senior enlisted advisor of the Space Force, the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard, the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, or the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 476; Pub. L. 89–718, § 49(a)(2), Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1121; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(2), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 609(a), (b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–149; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, § 557(a)(2), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1915; Pub. L. 109–148, div. A, title VIII, § 8124(b), Dec. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2727; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 685(c), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3325; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1071(c)(7), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2401; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title VI, § 603(c), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3398; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VI, § 601(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1794; Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title IX, § 925(e)(1), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3827.)
§ 415. Uniform allowance: officers; initial allowance
(a) Subject to subsection (b), an officer of an armed force is entitled to an initial allowance of not more than $400 as reimbursement for the purchase of required uniforms and equipment—
(1) upon first reporting for active duty (other than for training) for a period of more than 90 days;
(2) upon completing at least 14 days of active duty as a member of a reserve component;
(3) upon completing 14 periods, each of which was of at least two hours’ duration, of inactive-duty training as a member of the Ready Reserve; or
(4) upon reporting for the first period of active duty required by section 2121(c) of title 10 as a member of the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship program.
(b) An officer who has received an initial uniform reimbursement or allowance under any other law is not entitled to an initial allowance under subsection (a).
(c) An allowance of $250 for uniforms and equipment may be paid to each commissioned officer of the Public Health Service who is—
(1) on active duty or on inactive duty training status; and
(2) required by directive of the Surgeon General to wear a uniform.
An officer is not entitled to more than one allowance under this subsection.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 477; Pub. L. 88–647, title II, § 202(3), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 89–444, § 2(1), June 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 198; Pub. L. 89–718, § 63, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1123; Pub. L. 90–83, § 5(1), Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 221; Pub. L. 91–278, § 3(3), June 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 306; Pub. L. 96–76, title III, § 313(c), Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 586; Pub. L. 96–513, title IV, § 412, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2905; Pub. L. 97–22, § 10(c), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137; Pub. L. 97–60, title I, § 131(a), Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 1005; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 610(a)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–150.)
§ 416. Uniform allowance: officers; additional allowances
(a) In addition to the allowance provided by section 415 of this title, a reserve officer of an armed force, an officer of the Army or the Air Force without specification of component, or a regular officer of an armed force appointed under section 2106 or 2107 of title 10 is entitled to not more than $200 as reimbursement for additional uniforms and equipment required on that duty, for each time that the officer enters on active duty for a period of more than 90 days.
(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a tour of active duty if—
(1) the officer, during that tour or within a period of two years before entering on that tour, received, under any law, an initial uniform reimbursement or allowance of more than $400; or
(2) the officer enters on that tour within two years after completing a period of active duty of more than 90 days’ duration.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 477; Pub. L. 88–624, § 1, Oct. 3, 1964, 78 Stat. 1002; Pub. L. 88–647, title II, § 202(3), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 89–718, § 63, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1123; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 516(13), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2938; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, § 663(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 610(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–150; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 606(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1134.)
§ 417. Uniform allowance: officers; general provisions
(a) Subject to standards, policies, and procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of each military department may prescribe regulations that he considers necessary to carry out sections 415(a)–(c) and 416 of this title within his department. The Secretary of Homeland Security, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Navy, may prescribe regulations that he considers necessary to carry out those sections for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy. As far as practicable, regulations for all reserve components shall be uniform.
(b) Under regulations approved by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, and subject to section 415(a)–(c) or 416 of this title, a reserve officer of an armed force who has received a uniform and equipment allowance under section 415(a)–(c) or 416 of this title, may if a different uniform is required, be paid a uniform and equipment reimbursement upon transfer to, or appointment in, another reserve component.
(c) For the purposes of sections 415(a)–(c) and 416 of this title and subsections (a) and (b), an officer may count only that duty for which he is required to wear a uniform.
(d)
(1) For purposes of sections 415 and 416 of this title, a period for which an officer of an armed force, while employed as a National Guard technician, is required to wear a uniform under section 709(b) of title 32 shall be treated as a period of active duty (other than for training).
(2) A uniform allowance may not be paid, and uniforms may not be furnished, to an officer under section 1593 of title 10 or section 5901 of title 5 for a period of employment referred to in paragraph (1) for which an officer is paid a uniform allowance under section 415 or 416 of this title.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 478; Pub. L. 90–623, § 3(1), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1314; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title X, § 1038(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 432; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314.)
§ 418. Clothing allowance: enlisted members
(a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may prescribe the quantity and kind of clothing to be furnished annually to an enlisted member of the armed forces or the National Guard, and may prescribe the amount of a cash allowance to be paid to such a member if clothing is not so furnished to him.
(b) In determining the quantity and kind of clothing or allowances to be furnished pursuant to regulations prescribed under this section to persons employed as National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, the Secretary of Defense shall take into account the requirement under subsection (b) of such section for such persons to wear a uniform.
(c) A uniform allowance may not be paid, and uniforms may not be furnished, under section 1593 of title 10 or section 5901 of title 5 to a person referred to in subsection (b) for a period of employment referred to in that subsection for which clothing is furnished or a uniform allowance is paid under this section.
(d)
(1) In the case of athletic footwear needed by members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force upon their initial entry into the armed forces, the Secretary of Defense shall furnish such footwear directly to the members instead of providing a cash allowance to the members for the purchase of such footwear.
(2) In procuring athletic footwear to comply with paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall—
(A) procure athletic footwear that complies with the requirements of section 4862 of title 10, without regard to the applicability of any simplified acquisition threshold under chapter 137 legacy provisions (as such term is defined in section 3016 of title 10) (or any other provision of law); and
(B)
(3) This subsection does not prohibit the provision of a cash allowance to a member described in paragraph (1) for the purchase of athletic footwear if such footwear—
(A) is medically required to meet unique physiological needs of the member; and
(B) cannot be met with athletic footwear that complies with the requirements of this subsection.
(4) This subsection does not apply to the furnishing of athletic footwear to members of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the Marine Corps, or the Space Force upon their initial entry into the armed forces, or prohibit the provision of a cash allowance to such members for such purpose, if the Secretary of Defense determines that compliance with paragraph (2) would result in a sole source contract for procurement of athletic footwear for the purpose stated in paragraph (1) because there would be only a sole certified source of supply for such footwear.
(5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all procurements of athletic footwear to which this subsection applies are made using firm fixed price contracts.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 478; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title X, § 1038(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 432; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, § 654, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2583; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 611], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–150; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, § 817, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2272; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VI, § 633, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1431; Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title IX, § 925(e)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3827; Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title XVII, § 1702(f)(2), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 2157.)
§ 419. Civilian clothing allowance

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, an officer of an armed force who is assigned to a permanent duty station at a location outside the United States may be paid a civilian clothing allowance in such amount as the Secretary shall determine under regulations if such officer is required to wear civilian clothing all or a substantial portion of the time in the performance of the officer’s official duties. A clothing allowance under this section is in addition to any uniform allowance to which an officer is otherwise entitled under this title.

(Added Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, § 611(a)(1)(B), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1093; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title VI, § 625, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1984; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, § 653(c)(2), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1462.)
§ 420. Allowances while participating in international sports
(a)Section 717 of title 10 does not authorize the payment of allowances at higher rates than those provided for participation in military activities not covered by that section.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a member of a uniformed service is not entitled to travel and transportation allowances under section 452 of this title for any period during which his expenses for travel or transportation are being paid by the agency sponsoring his participation in a competition covered by section 717 of title 10.
(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a member of a uniformed service who has no dependents is not entitled to the basic allowances for subsistence and housing authorized by sections 402 and 403 of this title for a period during which he is subsisted and quartered by the agency sponsoring his participation in a competition covered by section 717 of title 10.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 478, § 419; Pub. L. 89–718, § 64, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1123; renumbered § 420, Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, § 611(a)(1)(A), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1093; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 603(d)(1)(C), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1782; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(f)(4)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(a)(9), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1948; Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 626(h)(2), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2629.)
§ 421. Allowances: no increase while dependent is entitled to basic pay

A member of a uniformed service may not be paid an increased allowance under this chapter, on account of a dependent, for any period during which that dependent is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 479, § 420; renumbered § 421, Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, § 611(a)(1)(A), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1093.)
§ 422. Cadets and midshipmen
(a) A cadet at the United States Military Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, or the Coast Guard Academy, or a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, is entitled to the allowances provided by law for a midshipman in the Navy, and to travel and transportation allowances prescribed under section 452 of this title while traveling under orders as a cadet or midshipman.
(b) Each midshipman of the Navy to whom a Navy ration is not furnished is entitled to the commuted value of the ration in money for each day that he is on active duty, including each day that he is on leave. The Secretary of the Navy may prescribe regulations stating the conditions under which the commuted value shall be allowed and may prescribe regulations establishing the rates at which the ration shall be commuted.
(c) A cadet or midshipman appointed under section 2107 of title 10 is entitled to the same allowances as are provided for cadets and midshipmen at the United States Military, Naval, and Air Force Academies for—
(1) initial travel to the educational institution in which matriculated;
(2) travel while under orders; and
(3) travel on discharge.
However, no allowance for travel on discharge may be paid to a discharged cadet or midshipman who continues his scholastic instruction at the same educational institution.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 479; Pub. L. 88–647, title II, § 202(4), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 89–718, § 63, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1123; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(f)(4)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(a)(9), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1948; Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 626(h)(3), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2629.)
§ 423. Validity of allowance payments based on purported marriages

A payment of an allowance, based on a purported marriage, that is made under this chapter, under the Career Compensation Act of 1949, or under the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942, before judicial annulment or termination of that marriage, is valid, if a court of competent jurisdiction adjudges or decrees that the marriage was entered into in good faith on the part of the spouse who is a member of a uniformed service or if, in the absence of such a judgment or decree, such a finding of good faith is made by the Secretary concerned or by a person designated by him to investigate the matter.

(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 479.)
§ 424. Band leaders
(a) The leader of the Army Band is entitled to the allowances of a captain in the Army.
(b) The leader of the United States Navy Band is entitled to the allowances of a lieutenant of the Navy.
(c) A member of the Marine Corps who is appointed as director or assistant director of the United States Marine Corps Band under section 8287 of title 10, is entitled, while serving thereunder, only to the allowances of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his allowances may not be less than those to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment under that section.
(d) The leader of the Naval Academy Band is entitled to the allowances of the pay grade prescribed for him by the Secretary of Navy under section 207(e) of this title. The second leader is entitled to the allowances of a warrant officer, W–1.
(e) The director of the Coast Guard Band is entitled to the allowances of an officer in the grade in which he is serving. However, his allowances may not be less than those to which he was entitled at the time of his appointment as director.
(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 480; Pub. L. 89–189, § 3, Sept. 17, 1965, 79 Stat. 820; Pub. L. 95–551, § 3(b)(2), Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 2069; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, § 809(m)(4), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1843.)
§ 425. United States Navy Band; United States Marine Corps Band: allowances while on concert tour

While on concert tours approved by the President, the members of the United States Navy Band and the United States Marine Corps Band do not forfeit allowances.

(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 480.)
[§ 426. Repealed. Pub. L. 90–377, § 10, July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288]
§ 427. Family separation allowance
(a)Entitlement to Allowance.—
(1) In addition to any allowance or per diem to which he otherwise may be entitled under this title a member of a uniformed service with dependents is entitled to a monthly allowance equal to $250 if—
(A) the movement of his dependents to his permanent station or a place near that station is not authorized at the expense of the United States under section 452 of this title and his dependents do not reside at or near that station;
(B) he is on duty on board a ship away from the home port of the ship (or under orders to remain on board the ship while at the home port) for a continuous period of more than 30 days; or
(C) he is on temporary duty away from his permanent station for a continuous period of more than 30 days and his dependents do not reside at or near his temporary duty station.
(2) A member who becomes entitled to an allowance under this subsection by virtue of duty prescribed in subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (1) for a continuous period of more than 30 days is entitled to the allowance effective as of the earlier of—
(A) the first day of that period; or
(B) the first day the member ceased being entitled to a previous allowance under this subsection by reason of the end of duty prescribed in such subparagraphs, if the member ceased being entitled to the previous allowance within 30 days before the first day of that period.
(b)Entitlement When No Residence or Household Maintained for Dependents.—An allowance is payable under subsection (a) even though the member does not maintain for his primary dependents who would otherwise normally reside with him, a residence or household, subject to his management and control, which he is likely to share with them as a common household when his duty assignment permits.
(c)Effect of Election to Serve Unaccompanied Tour of Duty.—
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3), a member who elects to serve a tour of duty unaccompanied by his dependents at a permanent station to which the movement of his dependents is authorized at the expense of the United States under section 452 of this title is not entitled to an allowance under subsection (a)(1)(A).
(2) The prohibition in the first sentence of paragraph (1) does not apply to a member who elects to serve an unaccompanied tour of duty because a dependent cannot accompany the member to or at that permanent station for certified medical reasons.
(3) The Secretary concerned may waive paragraph (1) in situations in which it would be inequitable to deny the allowance to the member because of unusual family or operational circumstances.
(d)Entitlement While Spouse Entitled to Basic Pay.—
(1) A member married to another member of the uniformed services becomes entitled, regardless of any other dependency status, to an allowance under subsection (a) by virtue of duty prescribed in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) of such subsection if the members were residing together immediately before being separated by reasons of execution of military orders.
(2) If a married couple, both of whom are members of the uniformed services, with dependents are simultaneously assigned to duties described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of subsection (a)(1) and the members resided together with their dependents immediately before their assignments, the Secretary concerned shall pay each of the members the full amount of the monthly allowance specified in such subsection until one of the members is no longer assigned to duties described in such subparagraphs. Upon expiration of the additional allowance, paragraph (1) shall continue to apply to the remaining member so long as the member is assigned to duties described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of such subsection.
(3)Section 421 of this title does not apply to bar the entitlement to an allowance under this section. Except as provided in paragraph (2), not more than one monthly allowance may be paid with respect to a married couple under this section.
(Added Pub. L. 88–132, § 11(1), Oct. 2, 1963, 77 Stat. 217; amended Pub. L. 91–529, § 1, Dec. 7, 1970, 84 Stat. 1389; Pub. L. 91–533, § 1, Dec. 7, 1970, 84 Stat. 1392; Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 809(a), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1097; Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, § 607(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 639; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VI, § 618(a), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3880; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, §§ 611(b), 625, Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1376, 1379; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, § 625(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2785; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, § 606, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 358; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, § 607, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2542; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, §§ 603(c)(3), 626, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1781, 1795; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, § 607(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1134; Pub. L. 108–11, title I, § 1316(b), (c)(2), Apr. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 570; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VI, §§ 606, 618(d)(2), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1500, 1504; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 623(b), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1955; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VI, § 604(a), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4483; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(f)(4)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(a)(9), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1948; Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VI, § 615, Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3675; ; Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 626(h)(4), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2629.)
[§ 428. Renumbered § 488]
[§ 429. Renumbered § 489]
[§ 430. Renumbered § 490]
§ 431. Benefits for certain members assigned to the Defense Intelligence Agency
(a) The Secretary of Defense may provide to members of the armed forces described in subsection (e) allowances and benefits comparable to those provided by the Secretary of State to officers and employees of the Foreign Service under paragraphs (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), and (13) of section 901 and sections 705 and 903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4081(2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), and (13), 4025, 4083) and under section 5924(4) of title 5.
(b) The authority of the Secretary of Defense to make payments under subsection (a) is effective for any fiscal year only to the extent that appropriated funds are available for such purpose.
(c) Members of the armed forces may not receive benefits under both subsection (a) and any other provision of this title for the same purpose. The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.
(d) Regulations prescribed under subsection (a) may not take effect until the Secretary of Defense has submitted such regulations to—
(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
(e) Subsection (a) applies to members of the armed forces who—
(1) are assigned—
(A) to Defense Attaché Offices or Defense Intelligence Agency Liaison Offices outside the United States; or
(B) to the Defense Intelligence Agency and engaged in intelligence-related duties outside the United States; and
(2) are designated by the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of subsection (a).
(Added Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1302(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 738, § 431; amended Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 104–93, title V, § 502(b), Jan. 6, 1996, 109 Stat. 973; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, § 1067(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(d)(2), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1460; renumbered § 491, Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(h)(2), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1955; Pub. L. 117–81, div. A, title VI, § 604(a), Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 1767; renumbered § 431, Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 615(a), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2624.)
[§ 432. Renumbered § 492]
§ 433. Allowance for muster duty
(a) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of the Ready Reserve who is not a member of the National Guard or of the Selected Reserve is entitled to an allowance for muster duty performed pursuant to section 12319 of title 10 if the member is engaged in that duty for at least two hours.
(b) The amount of the allowance under this section shall be 125 percent of the amount of the average per diem rate for the United States (other than Alaska and Hawaii) under section 452 of this title as in effect on September 30 of the year preceding the year in which the muster duty is performed.
(c) The allowance authorized by this section may not be disbursed in kind. The allowance may be paid to the member before, on, or after the date on which the muster duty is performed, but not later than 30 days after that date. The allowance shall constitute the single, flat-rate monetary allowance authorized for the performance of muster duty and shall constitute payment in full to the member, regardless of grade or rank in which serving, as commutation for travel to the immediate vicinity of the designated muster duty location, transportation, subsistence, and the special or extraordinary costs of enforced absence from home and civilian pursuits, including such absence on weekends and holidays.
(d) A member who performs muster duty is not entitled to compensation for inactive-duty training under section 206(a) of this title for the same period.
(Added Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, § 502(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1436; amended Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, § 1484(h)(5), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1718; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1501(d)(4)(B), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 501; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, § 627, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1795; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(f)(4)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(a)(9), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1948; Pub. L. 117–263, div. A, title VI, § 626(h)(5), Dec. 23, 2022, 136 Stat. 2629.)
§ 433a. Allowance for participation in Ready Reserve screening
(a)Allowance Authorized.—
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, a member of the Individual Ready Reserve may be paid a stipend for participation in the screening performed pursuant to section 10149 of title 10, in lieu of muster duty performed under section 12319 of title 10, if such participation is conducted through electronic means.
(2) The stipend paid a member under this section shall constitute the sole monetary allowance authorized for participation in the screening described in paragraph (1), and shall constitute payment in full to the member for participation in such screening, regardless of the grade or rank in which the member is serving.
(b)Maximum Payment.—The aggregate amount of the stipend paid a member of the Individual Ready Reserve under this section in any calendar year may not exceed $50.
(c)Payment Requirements.—
(1) The stipend authorized by this section may not be disbursed in kind.
(2) Payment of a stipend to a member of the Individual Ready Reserve under this section for participation in screening shall be made on or after the date of participation in such screening, but not later than 30 days after such date.
(Added Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 633(a)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 154.)
[§ 434. Renumbered § 494]
§ 435. Funeral honors duty: allowance
(a)Allowance Authorized.—
(1) The Secretary concerned may authorize payment of an allowance to a member of the Ready Reserve for any day on which the member performs at least two hours of funeral honors duty pursuant to section 12503 of title 10 or section 115 of title 32.
(2) The Secretary concerned may also authorize payment of that allowance to a member of the armed forces in a retired status for any day on which the member serves in a funeral honors detail under section 1491 of title 10, if the time required for service in such detail (including time for preparation) is not less than two hours. The amount of an allowance paid to a member under this paragraph shall be in addition to any other compensation to which the member may be entitled under this title or title 10 or 38.
(b)Amount.—The daily rate of an allowance under this section is $50.
(Added Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, § 578(j), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 630, § 435; amended Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 575(b), title X, § 1087(c)(1)(A)(i)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–138, 1654A–292; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 561(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1119; renumbered § 495 and amended Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 631(d)(2), (e)(32), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1460, 1464; renumbered § 435 and amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VI, § 604(b), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3672.)
§ 436. High-deployment allowance: lengthy or numerous deployments; frequent mobilizations
(a)Monthly Allowance.—The Secretary of the military department concerned may pay a high-deployment allowance to a member of the armed forces under the Secretary’s jurisdiction for each month during which the member—
(1) is deployed; and
(2) at any time during that month—
(A) has been deployed for 191 or more consecutive days (or a lower number of consecutive days prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness);
(B) has been deployed, out of the preceding 730 days, for a total of 401 or more days (or a lower number of days prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness); or
(C) in the case of a member of a reserve component, is on active duty—
(i) under a call or order to active duty for a period of more than 30 days that is the second (or later) such call or order to active duty (whether voluntary or involuntary) for that member in support of the same contingency operation; or
(ii) for a period of more than 30 days under section 12304b of title 10 or a provision of law referred to in section 101(a)(13)(B) of title 10, if such period begins within one year after the date on which the member was released from previous service on active duty for a period of more than 30 days under a call or order issued under such a provision of law.
(b)Definition of Deployed.—In this section, the term “deployed”, with respect to a member, means that the member is deployed or in a deployment within the meaning of section 991(b) of title 10 (including any definition of “deployment” prescribed under paragraph (4) of that section).
(c)Rate.—The monthly rate of the allowance payable to a member under this section shall be determined by the Secretary concerned, not to exceed $1,000 per month.
(d)Payment of Claims.—A claim of a member for payment of the high-deployment allowance that is not fully substantiated by the recordkeeping system applicable to the member under section 991(c) of title 10 shall be paid if the member furnishes the Secretary concerned with other evidence determined by the Secretary as being sufficient to substantiate the claim.
(e)Relationship to Other Allowances.—A high-deployment allowance payable to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay or allowance payable to the member under any other provision of law.
(f)National Security Waiver.—No allowance may be paid under this section to a member for any month during which the applicability of section 991 of title 10 to the member is suspended under subsection (d) of that section.
(g)Authority to Exclude Certain Duty Assignments.—The Secretary concerned may exclude members serving in specified duty assignments from eligibility for the high-deployment allowance while serving in those assignments. Any such specification of duty assignments may only be made with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. Specification of a particular duty assignment for purposes of this subsection may not be implemented so as to apply to the member serving in that position at the time of such specification.
(h)Payment From Operation and Maintenance Funds.—The monthly allowance payable to a member under this section shall be paid from appropriations available for operation and maintenance for the armed force in which the member serves.
(Added Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, § 586(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 638, § 435; renumbered § 436 and amended Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 574(c), title X, § 1087(b)(4)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–137, 1654A–292; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 592(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1125; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, § 541(b)(1)–(5)(A), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1476, 1477; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 530(a), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1403; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VI, § 602, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1794.)
§ 437. Allowance to cover monthly premiums for Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance: members serving in a designated duty assignment
(a)Required Reimbursement for Premium Deduction.—
(1) In the case of a member of the armed forces who has insurance coverage for the member under the Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance program under subchapter III of chapter 19 of title 38 and who serves in a designated duty assignment at any time during a month, the Secretary concerned shall pay the member an allowance under this section for that month in an amount equal to the amount of the deduction made under subsection (a)(1) of section 1969 of such title for the amount of Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance coverage held by the member under section 1967 of such title.
(2) In this subsection, the term “designated duty assignment” means a permanent or temporary duty assignment outside the United States or its possessions in support of a contingency operation in an area that—
(A) has been designated a combat zone; or
(B) is in direct support of an area that has been designated a combat zone.
(b)Notice of Availability of Allowance.—To the maximum extent practicable, in advance of the deployment of a member to a designated duty assignment referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall give the member information regarding the following:
(1) The availability of the allowance under this section for members insured under the Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance program.
(2) The ability of members who elected not to be insured under Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance, or elected less than the maximum coverage amount available for such insurance, to obtain insurance, or to obtain additional coverage, as the case may be, under the authority provided in section 1967(c) of title 38.
(Added Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 613(a), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3291; amended Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, § 606(a)–(c), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2246; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, § 1063(c)(5), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 322; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VI, § 644(a)–(b)(2), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2166, 2167.)
§ 438. Preventive health services allowance
(a)Demonstration Project.—During the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and ending on December 31, 2011, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a demonstration project designed to evaluate the efficacy of providing an annual allowance (to be known as a “preventive health services allowance”) to members of the armed forces described in subsection (b) to increase the use of preventive health services by such members and their dependents.
(b)Eligible Members.—
(1) Subject to the numerical limitations specified in paragraph (2), a member of the armed forces who is serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days and meets the medical and dental readiness requirements for the armed force of the member may receive a preventive health services allowance.
(2) Not more than 1,500 members of each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps may receive a preventive health services allowance during any year, of which half in each armed force shall be members without dependents and half shall be members with dependents.
(c)Amount of Allowance.—The Secretary of the military department concerned shall pay a preventive health services allowance to a member selected to receive the allowance in an amount equal to—
(1) $500 per year, in the case of a member without dependents; and
(2) $1,000 per year, in the case of a member with dependents.
(d)Authorized Preventive Health Services.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall specify the types of preventive health services that may be procured using a preventive health services allowance and the frequency at which such services may be procured.
(2) At a minimum, authorized preventive health services shall include, taking into consideration the age and gender of the member and dependents of the member:
(A) Colorectal screening.
(B) Breast screening.
(C) Cervical screening.
(D) Prostate screening.
(E) Annual physical exam.
(F) Annual dental exam.
(G) Weight and body mass screening.
(H) Vaccinations.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members selected to receive the preventive health services allowance and their dependents are provided a reasonable opportunity to receive the services authorized under this subsection in their local area.
(e)Data Collection.—At a minimum, the Secretary of Defense shall monitor and record the health of members receiving a preventive health services allowance and their dependents and the results of the testing required to qualify for payment of the allowance, if conducted. The Secretary shall assess the medical utility of the testing required to qualify for payment of a preventive health allowance.
(f)Reporting Requirement.—Not later than March 31, 2010, and March 31, 2012, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the status of the demonstration project, including findings regarding the medical status of participants, recommendations to modify the policies and procedures of the program, and recommendations concerning the future utility of the project.
(g)Regulations.—The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.
(Added Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VII, § 714(a), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4504.)
§ 439. Special compensation: members of the uniformed services with catastrophic injuries or illnesses requiring assistance in everyday living
(a)Monthly Compensation Authorized.—The Secretary concerned may pay to any member of the uniformed services described in subsection (b) monthly special compensation in an amount determined under subsection (c).
(b)Covered Members.—A member eligible for monthly special compensation authorized by subsection (a) is a member who—
(1) has a catastrophic injury or illness that was incurred or aggravated in the line of duty;
(2) has been certified by a licensed physician to be in need of assistance from another person to perform the personal functions required in everyday living;
(3) in the absence of the provision of such assistance, would require hospitalization, nursing home care, or other residential institutional care; and
(4) meets such other criteria, if any, as the Secretary of Defense (or the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard) prescribes for purposes of this section.
(c)Amount.—The amount of monthly special compensation payable to a member under subsection (a) shall be the amount as follows:
(1) The monthly amount of aid and attendance payable under section 1114(r)(2) of title 38.
(2) Upon the establishment by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs pursuant to subparagraph (C) of section 1720G(a)(3) of title 38 of the schedule of monthly personal caregiver stipends under the Department of Veterans Affairs program of comprehensive assistance for family caregivers under subparagraph (A)(ii)(V) of such section, the monthly personal caregiver stipend payable with respect to similarly circumstanced veterans under such schedule, rather than the amount specified in paragraph (1).
(d)Duration.—The eligibility of a member to receive special monthly compensation under subsection (a) expires on the earlier of the following:
(1) The last day of the month during which a 90-day period ends that begins on the date of the separation or retirement of the member.
(2) The last day of the month during which the member dies.
(3) The last day of the month during which the member is determined to be no longer afflicted with the catastrophic injury or illness referred to in subsection (b)(1).
(4) The last day of the month preceding the month during which the member begins receiving compensation under section 1114(r)(2) of title 38.
(e)Construction With Other Pay and Allowances.—Monthly special compensation payable to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances payable to the member by law.
(f)Benefit Information.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall ensure that members of the uniformed services who may be eligible for compensation under this section are made aware of the availability of such compensation by including information about such compensation in written and online materials for such members and their families.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a member eligible to receive special monthly compensation under this section is aware that the member’s eligibility for such compensation will expire pursuant to subsection (d)(1) after the end of the 90-day period that begins on the date of the separation or retirement of the member even though the member has not begun to receive compensation under section 1114(r)(2) of title 38 before the end of such period.
(g)Catastrophic Injury or Illness Defined.—In this section, the term “catastrophic injury or illness” means a permanent, severely disabling injury, disorder, or illness that the Secretary concerned determines compromises the ability of the afflicted person to carry out the activities of daily living to such a degree that the person requires—
(1) personal or mechanical assistance to leave home or bed; or
(2) constant supervision to avoid physical harm to self or others.
(h)Regulations.—The Secretary of Defense (or the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard) shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.
(Added Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, § 603(a), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2348; amended Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VI, § 634, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4241.)