Collapse to view only § 1110. Repealed.

§ 1101. Congressional findings and declarations
The Congress finds and declares that—
(1) the processes set in motion by the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 [45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.] have failed to create a self-sustaining railroad system in the Northeast region of the United States and have cost United States taxpayers many billions of dollars over original estimates;
(2) current arrangements for the provision of rail freight and commuter service in the Northeast and Midwest regions of the United States are inadequate to meet the transportation needs of the public and the needs of national security;
(3) although the Federal Government has provided billions of dollars in assistance for Conrail and its employees, the Federal interest in ensuring the flow of interstate commerce through rail service in the private sector has not been achieved, and the protection of interstate commerce requires Federal intervention to preserve essential rail service in the private sector;
(4) the provisions for protection of employees of bankrupt railroads contained in the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 [45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.] have resulted in the payment of benefits far in excess of levels anticipated at the time of enactment, have imposed an excessive fiscal burden on the Federal taxpayer, and are now an obstacle to the establishment of improved rail service and continued rail employment in the Northeast region of the United States; and
(5) since holding Conrail liable for employee protection payments would destroy its prospects of becoming a profitable carrier and further injure its employees, an alternative employee protection system must be developed and funded.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1132, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 644.)
§ 1102. Statement of purpose
It is therefore declared to be the purpose of the Congress in this subtitle to provide for—
(1) the removal by a date certain of the Federal Government’s obligation to subsidize the freight operations of Conrail;
(2) transfer of Conrail commuter service responsibilities to one or more entities whose principal purpose is the provision of commuter service; and
(3) an orderly return of Conrail freight service to the private sector.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1133, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 644.)
§ 1103. Goals and objectives
It is the goal of this subtitle to provide Conrail the opportunity to become profitable through the achievement of the following objectives:
(1) Nonagreement personnel
(A) Employees who are not subject to collective bargaining agreements (hereafter in this section referred to as “nonagreement personnel”) should forego wage increases and benefits in an amount proportionately equivalent to the amount foregone by agreement employees pursuant to paragraph (4) of this section, adjusted annually to reflect inflation.
(B) After May 1, 1981, the number of nonagreement personnel should be reduced proportionately to any reduction in agreement employees (excluding reductions pursuant to the termination program under section 797a of this title).
(2) Suppliers
(3) Shippers
(4) Agreement employees
(A) Conrail should enter into collective bargaining agreements with its employees which would reduce Conrail’s costs in an amount equal to $200,000,000 a year, beginning April 1, 1981, adjusted annually to reflect inflation.
(B) Agreements under this subparagraph may provide for reductions in wage increases and for changes in fringe benefits common to agreement employees, including vacations and holidays.
(C) The cost reductions required under this subparagraph in the first year of the agreement may be deferred, but the aggregate cost reductions should be no less than an average of $200,000,000 per year for each of the first three one-year periods beginning April 1, 1981.
(D) The amount of cost reductions provided under this paragraph shall be calculated by subtracting the cost of an agreement entered into under this paragraph from (i) the cost that would otherwise result from the application of the national agreement reached by railroad industry and its employees, or (ii) until such national agreement is reached, the cost which the United States Railway Association estimates would result from the application of such a national agreement.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1134, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 645.)
§ 1104. Definitions
As used in this subtitle, unless the context otherwise requires, the term:
(1) “Amtrak” means the National Railroad Passenger Corporation created under chapter 243 of title 49.
(2) “Commission” means the Interstate Commerce Commission.
(3) “Commuter authority” means any State, local, or regional authority, corporation, or other entity established for purposes of providing commuter service, and includes the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the Connecticut Department of Transportation, the Maryland Department of Transportation, the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, the New Jersey Transit Corporation, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation, any successor agencies, and any entity created by one or more such agencies for the purpose of operating, or contracting for the operation of, commuter service.
(4) “Commuter service” means short-haul rail passenger service operated in metropolitan and suburban areas, whether within or across the geographical boundaries of a State, usually characterized by reduced fare, multiple-ride, and commutation tickets, and by morning and evening peak period operations.
(5) “Conrail” means the Consolidated Rail Corporation created under title III of the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 741 et seq.).
(6) “Rail carrier” means a common carrier engaged in interstate or foreign commerce by rail subject to subtitle IV of title 49.
(7) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Transportation.
(8) “Special court” means the judicial panel established under section 209(b)(1) of the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 719(b)(1)) or, with respect to any proceedings that arise or continue after the panel is abolished pursuant to section 209(b)(2) of such Act [45 U.S.C. 719(b)(2)], the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1135(a), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 645; Pub. L. 104–317, title VI, § 605(c)(3), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3859.)
§ 1105. Judicial review
(a) Special court; exclusive jurisdiction for civil actions
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the special court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction over any civil action—
(1) for injunctive, declaratory, or other relief relating to the enforcement, operation, execution, or interpretation of any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle or part 2 of the Conrail Privatization Act [45 U.S.C. 1311 et seq.], or administrative action taken thereunder to the extent such action is subject to judicial review;
(2) challenging the constitutionality of any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle or part 2 of the Conrail Privatization Act [45 U.S.C. 1311 et seq.];
(3) to obtain, inspect, copy, or review any document in the possession or control of the Secretary, Conrail, the United States Railway Association, or Amtrak that would be discoverable in litigation under any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle or part 2 of the Conrail Privatization Act [45 U.S.C. 1311 et seq.]; or
(4) seeking judgment upon any claim against the United States founded upon the Constitution and resulting from the operation of any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle or part 2 of the Conrail Privatization Act [45 U.S.C. 1311 et seq.].
(b) Appeal
(c) Scope of review of administrative actions
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1152, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 676; Pub. L. 99–509, title IV, § 4033(c)(1)(A), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1908; Pub. L. 100–352, § 6(f), June 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 664; Pub. L. 104–317, title VI, § 605(b)(3), (c)(4), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3859.)
§ 1106. Exemption from transfer taxes and fees; recordation
(a)
(1) All transfers or conveyances of any interest in rail property (whether real, personal, or mixed) which are made under any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle shall be exempt from any taxes, imposts, or levies now or hereby imposed, by the United States or by any State or any political subdivision of a State, on or in connection with such transfers or conveyances or on the recording of deeds, bills of sale, liens, encumbrances, easements, or other instruments evidencing, effectuating, or incident to any such transfers or conveyances, whether imposed on the transferor or on the transferee. Such transferors and transferees shall be entitled to record any such deeds, bills of sale, liens, encumberances,1
1 So in original. Probably should be “encumbrances,”.
easements, or other instruments, and to record the release or removal of any preexisting liens or encumbrances of record with respect to properties so transferred or conveyed, upon payment of any appropriate and generally applicable charges to compensate for the cost of the service performed.
(2) This section shall not apply to Federal income tax laws.
(b) Transfer of designated real property (including any interest in real property) authorized by the amendments made by part 2 of this subtitle shall have the same effect for purposes of rights and priorities with respect to such property as recordation on the transfer date of appropriate deeds, or other appropriate instruments, in offices appointed under State law for such recordation, except that acquiring rail carriers and other entities shall proffer such deeds or other instruments for recordation within 36 months after the transfer date as a condition of preserving such rights and priorities beyond the expiration of that period. Conrail shall cooperate in effecting the timely preparation, execution, and proffering for recordation of such deeds and other instruments.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1153, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 677.)
§ 1107. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–509, title IV, § 4033(c)(1)(C)(i)(I), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1908
§ 1108. Concerted economic action
(a) Strikes interfering with rail freight service of Conrail
(b) Strikes interfering with Amtrak Commuter’s rail passenger service
(c) Railway Labor Act deemed violated
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1158, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 682.)
§ 1109. Effectuation of cost reductions

Any cost reductions resulting from the provisions of or the amendments made by this subtitle shall not be used to limit the maximum level of any rate charged by Conrail for the provision of rail service, to limit the amount of any increase in any such rate (including rates maintained jointly by Conrail and other rail carriers), or to limit a surcharge or cancellation otherwise lawful under chapter 107 1

1 See References in Text note below.
of title 49.

(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1159, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 682.)
§ 1110. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–509, title IV, § 4033(c)(1)(C)(i)(II), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1908
§ 1111. Repealed. Pub. L. 105–134, title IV, § 408, Dec. 2, 1997, 111 Stat. 2586
§ 1112. Interstate Commerce Commission proceedings
(a) Final decisions involving railroads in bankruptcy
(b) Final decisions involving profitable railroads
(c) Interest of United States attaching in bankruptcy, liquidation, abandonment, etc.
(1) If the Secretary determines under subsection (b) that there is an agreement between a profitable railroad in the Region (as defined in section 702 of this title) which received a loan under section 721(a) of this title and a prospective purchaser for the sale of such railroad, the Secretary shall limit the interest of the United States in any debt of such a railroad to an interest which attaches to such debt in the event of bankruptcy or substantial sale or liquidation of the assets of the railroad. The Secretary may substitute for the evidence of such debt contingency notes payable solely from the railroad operating assets then securing such debt, including reinvestments thereof, or such other contingency notes as the Secretary deems appropriate and which conform to the terms set forth in this subsection.
(2) If the interest of the United States is limited under paragraph (1), any new debt issued by such a railroad subsequent to the issuance of the debt described in paragraph (1) may have such higher priority in the event of bankruptcy, liquidation, or abandonment of the assets of such a railroad than the debt described in such paragraph as the Secretary and the railroad may agree.
(3) In carrying out the duties under this subsection, the Secretary may (A) enter into such agreements, (B) in accordance with any such agreements, cancel or cause to be cancelled or amend or cause to be amended any notes or securities currently held by agencies or instrumentalities of the United States, and (C) accept in exchange as substitution therefor such instruments evidencing the indebtedness owed to such agencies or instrumentalities as, in the Secretary’s judgment, will effectuate the purposes of this subsection.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1164, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 685; Pub. L. 97–468, title V, § 510, Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2554; Pub. L. 104–88, title III, § 331, Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 953.)
§ 1113. Intercity passenger service
(a) Responsibility of Conrail to provide crews terminated; negotiations for employee transfers
(b) Eligibility of employees for employee protection benefits
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1165, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 686; Pub. L. 97–468, title V, § 505(a), Jan. 14, 1983, 96 Stat. 2553.)
§ 1114. Repealed. Pub. L. 99–509, title IV, § 4033(c)(1)(C)(i)(III), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1908
§ 1115. Redemption of stock

For the purpose of computing the amount for which certificates of value shall be redeemable under section 746 of this title, the series B preferred stock and the common stock conveyed to the Secretary under section 1107 1

1 See References in Text note below.
of this title shall be deemed to be without fair market value unless in a proceeding brought under section 1105(a)(4) of this title the special court shall have determined that such securities had a value and shall have entered a judgment against the United States for that value. In such an event, the securities shall for purposes of section 746 of this title be deemed to have that value found by the special court.

(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1167(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 686.)
§ 1116. Applicability of other laws
(a) The provisions of chapters 5 and 7 of title 5 (popularly known as the Administrative Procedure Act and including provisions popularly known as the Government in the Sunshine Act), chapter 10 of title 5, section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 [42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)], division A of subtitle III of title 54, and section 303 of title 49 are inapplicable to actions taken in negotiating, approving, or implementing service transfers under title IV of the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 [45 U.S.C. 761 et seq.] 1
1 See References in Text note below.
and to the implementation of the sale of the interest of the United States in Conrail under the Conrail Privatization Act [45 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.].
(b) The operation of trains by Conrail shall not be subject to the requirement of any State or local law which specifies the minimum number of crew members who must be employed in connection with the operation of such trains.
(Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1168, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 687; Pub. L. 99–509, title IV, § 4033(c)(1)(B), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1908; Pub. L. 113–287, § 5(m)(1), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3271; Pub. L. 117–286, § 4(a)(288), Dec. 27, 2022, 136 Stat. 4337.)