U.S. Code of Federal Regulations

Regulations most recently checked for updates: Jul 09, 2020

§ 271.1 - Purpose and scope.

(a) This subpart specifies the procedures EPA will follow in approving, revising, and withdrawing approval of State programs and the requirements State programs must meet to be approved by the Administrator under sections 3006(b), (f) and (h) of RCRA.

(b) State submissions for program approval must be made in accordance with the procedures set out in this subpart.

(c) The substantive provisions which must be included in State programs for them to be approved include requirements for permitting, compliance evaluation, enforcement, public participation, and sharing of information. Many of the requirements for State programs are made applicable to States by cross-referencing other EPA regulations. In particular, many of the provisions of parts 270 and 124 are made applicable to States by the references contained in § 271.14.

(d) Upon receipt of a complete submission, EPA will conduct a public hearing, if interest is shown, and determine whether to approve or disapprove the program taking into consideration the requirements of this subpart, the Act and any comments received.

(e) The Administrator shall approve State programs which conform to the applicable requirements of this subpart.

(f) Except as provided in § 271.3(a)(3), upon approval of a State permitting program, the Administrator shall suspend the issuance of Federal permits for those activities subject to the approved State program.

(g) Any State program approved by the Administrator shall at all times be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this subpart.

(h) Partial State programs are not allowed for programs operating under RCRA final authorization. However, in many cases States will lack authority to regulate activities on Indian lands. This lack of authority does not impair a State's ability to obtain full program approval in accordance with this subpart, i.e., inability of a State to regulate activities on Indian lands does not constitute a partial program. EPA will administer the program on Indian lands if the State does not seek this authority.

Note:

States are advised to contact the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, concerning authority over Indian lands.

(i) Except as provided in § 271.4, nothing in this subpart precludes a State from:

(1) Adopting or enforcing requirements which are more stringent or more extensive than those required under this subpart;

(2) Operating a program with a greater scope of coverage than that required under this subpart. Where an approved State program has a greater scope of coverage than required by Federal law, the additional coverage is not part of the Federally approved program.

(j) Requirements and prohibitions which are applicable to the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous waste and which are imposed pursuant to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) include any requirement or prohibition which has taken effect under HSWA, such as:

(1) All regulations specified in Table 1, and

(2) The self-implementing statutory provisions specified in Table 2 that have taken effect.

Note:

See §§ 264.1(f)(3), 265.1(c)(4)(ii), 271.3(b), 271.21(e)(2) and 271.121(c)(3) for applicability.

Table 1 - Regulations Implementing the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984

Promulgation date Title of regulation Federal Register reference Effective date
Jan. 14, 1985Dioxin-containing wastes50 FR 1978-2006July 15, 1985.
Apr. 30, 1985Paint filter liquids test50 FR 18370-5June 14, 1985.
July 15, 1985Codification rule [as corrected in 51 FR 2702, 1/21/86]50 FR 28702-55July 15, 1985.
Oct. 23, 1985Listing wastes from the production of dinitrotoluene, toluenediamine, and toluene diisocyanate50 FR 42936-43Oct. 23, 1985.
Nov. 29, 1985Standards for the management of the burning of specific wastes in specific types of facilities50 FR 49164-212Dec. 9, 1985.
Mar. 31, 1986.
May 29, 1986.
Dec. 31, 1985Amendment of spent solvent listings to include solvent mixtures [as corrected in 51 FR 19176, 5/28/86]50 FR 53315-20Jan. 30, 1986.
Feb. 13, 1986Listing wastes from the production of ethylene dibromide (EDB)51FR 5327-31Aug. 13, 1986.
Feb. 25, 1986Listing of four spent solvents and the still bottoms from their recovery51 FR 6537-42Aug. 25, 1986.
Mar. 24, 1986Regulations for generators of 100-1000 kg/mo of hazardous waste51 FR 10146-76Sept. 22, 1986.
July 14, 1986Hazardous Waste Tank Regulations: 1 260.10; 262.34(a)(1); 264.110; 264.140; 264.190-264.199; 265.110; 265.140; 265.190-265.200; 270.14(b); 270.16; and 270.72 (e)51 FR 25422-86Jan. 12, 1987.
Mar. 24, 1987.
Aug. 8, 1986Exports of hazardous waste51 FR 28664-86Nov. 8, 1986.
Oct. 24, 1986Listing Wastes from the Production and Formulation of Ethylenebisdithiocarbamic Acid (EBDC) and its Salts51 FR 37725Apr. 24, 1987.
Nov. 7, 1986Land disposal restrictions for solvents and dioxins51 FR 40572Nov. 8, 1986.
July 8, 1987Land disposal restrictions for California list wastes52 FR 25760July 8, 1987.
Sept. 23, 1987Exception Reporting for Small Quantity Generators of Hazardous Waste52 FR 35899Mar. 23, 1988.
Dec. 1, 1987Codification rule for the 1984 RCRA Amendments52 FR 45799Dec. 31, 1987.
Aug. 17, 1988Land disposal restrictions for First Third wastes53 FR 31138-222Aug. 8, 1988.
June 23, 1989Land Disposal Restrictions for Second Third wastes54 FR 26594-652June 8, 1989.
Oct. 6, 1989Listing Wastes from the Production of Methyl Bromide54 FR 41402-408Apr. 6, 1990.
Dec. 11, 1989Listing Certain Hydrocarbons Produced by Free Radical Catalyzed Processes54 FR 50968-978June 11, 1990.
Mar. 29, 1990Toxicity characteristic55 FR 11798-877Sept. 25, 1990.
May 1, 1990Listing Wastes from the Production of UDMH from Carboxylic Acid Hydrazides55 FR 18496-506Nov. 2, 1990.
June 1, 1990Land Disposal Restrictions for Third Third wastes55 FR 22520-720May 8, 1990.
June 21, 1990Process Vent and Equipment Leak Organic Air Emission Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities55 FR 25454-519Dec. 21, 1990.
Nov. 2, 1990Petroleum refinery primary and secondary oil/water/solids separation sludge listings55 FR 46354-397May 2, 1991.
Dec. 6, 1990The listing of wastes from wood preserving processes. 255 FR 50450-490June 6, 1991.
Dec. 31, 1990Burning of Hazardous Waste in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces56 FR 7134-7240Aug. 21, 1991.
May 13, 1991Petroleum refinery primary and secondary oil/water/solids separation sludge listings56 FR 21959May 2, 1991.
Aug. 19, 1991Land disposal restrictions & generic exclusion for K061 nonwastewaters & conditional exclusion for K061 HTMR splash condenser dross residue56 FR 41178Aug. 8, 1991.
Jan. 29, 1992Liners and Leak Detection for Hazardous Waste Land Disposal Units 357 FR 3497July 29, 1992.
June 22, 1992Exclusion from the definition of solid waste for the recycling of hazardous wastes in the coke by-products industry57 FR 27888June 22, 1992.
Aug. 18, 1992Land disposal restrictions for newly listed wastes in § 268.36 (b)-(g)57 FR 37282June 30, 1992.
DoLand disposal restrictions for newly listed wastes in § 268.36(a), hazardous debris, and generic exclusion for K062 and F006 nonwaste-waters......DoNov. 9, 1992.
Aug. 18, 1992The listing of wastes from the production, recovery, and refining of coke by-products produced from coal57 FR 37306Feb. 18, 1993
Oct. 15, 1992Listing Wastes from the Production of Chlorinated Toluenes57 FR 47386Apr. 15, 1993.
Nov. 18, 1992Containerized Liquids in Landfills57 FR 54461May 18, 1992.
Nov. 24, 1992Toxicity Characteristic Revision57 FR 55117Nov. 24, 1992.
Feb. 16, 1993Corrective Action Management Units and Temporary Units; Corrective Action Provisions under Subtitle C58 FR 8685Apr. 19, 1993.
May 24, 1993Land disposal restrictions for characteristic wastes whose treatment standards were vacated58 FR 29887Aug. 9, 1993.
Nov. 9, 1993Burning of hazardous waste in boilers and industrial furnaces58 FR 59603Oct. 15, 1993.
Sept. 19, 1994Land Disposal Restrictions Phase II - Universal Treatment Standards, and Treatment Standards for Organic Toxicity Characteristic Wastes and Newly Listed Wastes 4 in § 268.3847982-48110Dec. 19, 1994.
Dec. 6, 1994Air Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers59 FR 62896-62953Dec. 6, 1996.
Feb. 9, 1995Listing Wastes from the Production of Carbamates60 FR 7856Aug. 9, 1995.
July 11, 1995Containerized Liquids in Landfills60 FR 35706Sept. 11, 1995.
Apr. 8, 1996Land Disposal Restrictions Phase III - Decharacterized Wastewaters, Carbamate Wastes, and Spent Aluminum Potliners in § 268.3961 FR 15660July 8, 1996.
July 1, 1996Revisions to Criteria applicable to solid waste facilities that may accept CESQG hazardous wastes, excluding MSWLF's61 FR 34278Jan. 1, 1998.
Aug. 26, 1996Emergency Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Phase III Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous Wastes from Carbamate Production61 FR 43931.Aug. 26, 1996 until Aug. 26, 1997.
May 12, 1997Land Disposal Restrictions for Wood Preserving Wastes and Paperwork Reductions62 FR 26040Aug. 11, 1997.
June 17, 1997Vacated Carbamate wastes62 FR 32979Aug. 9, 1995.
Aug. 28, 1997Second Emergency Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Phase III Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous Wastes from Carbamate Production.62 FR 45572Aug. 26, 1997 until Aug. 26, 1998.
May 4, 1998Listing of Organobromine Production Wastes63 FR 24627Nov. 4, 1998.
May 26, 1998Land Disposal Restrictions Phase IV Final Rule63 FR 28753Aug. 24, 1998.
Aug. 6, 1998Petroleum Refining Process Wastes63 FR 42188Feb. 8, 1999.
Sept. 4, 1998Emergency Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Phase III Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous Wastes from Carbamate Production63 FR 47418Sept. 4, 1998.
Sept. 21, 1998Treatment Standards for Hazardous Waste K08863 FR 51267Sept. 21, 1998.
Nov. 30, 1998Hazardous Remediation Waste Management Requirements 563 FR 65947June 1, 1999.
Sept. 30, 1999Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors64 FR 53077Sept. 30, 1999.
Mar. 17, 2000Vacated Organobromine wastes65 FR 14475Nov. 4, 1998.
Sept. 29, 2000Listing of Hazardous Wastes K174 and K17565 FR 67132May 7, 2001.
Oct. 31, 2001Listing of Inorganic Chemical Manufacturing Wastes67 FR 58299May 20, 2002.
Feb. 13, 2002Interim Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors67 FR 6818, Feb. 13, 2002Feb. 13, 2002.
Sept. 30, 2002Land Disposal Restrictions: National Treatment Variance to Designate New Treatment Subcategories for Radioactively Contaminated Cadmium-, Mercury-, and Silver-Containing Batteries67 FR 62624, Oct. 7, 2002Nov. 21, 2002
Jan. 22, 2002Corrective Action
Management Unit
Standards
Amendments
67 FR 3029, Jan. 22, 2002April 22, 2002.
July 15, 2002Elimination of LDR Treatment Standards Exemption for K061-Derived FertilizersJuly 24, 2002Jan. 24, 2003.
Feb. 15, 2005Listing of Hazards Waste K18170 FR 9179Aug. 23, 2005
Mar. 4, 2005Waste Minimization Certification in the Revised Manifest Rule70 FR 10825Sept. 6, 2005.
July 14, 2005Process Vent and Equipment Leak Organic Air Emission Standards for Owners and of Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities70 FR 34538July 14, 2005.
July 14, 2005Burning of Hazardous Waste in Boilers and Industrial Furnaces70 FR 34538July 14, 2005
July 14, 2005Air Emission Standards Tanks, Surface Impoundments, Containers70 FR 34538July 14, 2005.
Oct. 12, 2005Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Hazardous Waste Combustors70 FR 59402Oct. 12, 2005.
May 4, 2006Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery Burden Reduction Project71 FR 16862-16915May 4, 2006.
July 28, 2006Final Rule for Cathode Ray Tubes71 FR 42949Jan. 29, 2007.
Jan. 8, 2010Exports of hazardous waste75 FR 1262July 7, 2010.
June 13, 2011Land Disposal Restrictions: Revision of the Treatment Standards for Carbamate Hazardous Wastes76 FR [Insert page number]8/12/11.
Nov. 28, 2016Hazardous Waste Export-Import Revisions81 FR 85728December 31, 2016.

1 These regulations implement HSWA only to the extent that they apply to tank systems owned or operated by small quantity generators, establish leak detection requirements for all new underground tank systems, and establish permitting standards for underground tank systems that cannot be entered for inspection.

2 These regulations, including test methods for benzo(k)fluoranthene and technical standards for drip pads, implement HSWA only to the extent that they apply to the listing of Hazardous Waste No. F032, and wastes that are hazardous because they exhibit the Toxicity Characteristic. These regulations, including test methods for benzo(k)fluoranthene and technical standards for drip pads, do not implement HSWA to the extent that they apply to the listings of Hazardous Waste Nos. F034 and F035.

3 The following portions of this rule are not HSWA regulations: §§ 264.19 and 265.19 for final covers.

4 The following portions of this rule are not HSWA regulations: §§ 260.30, 260.31, 261.2.

5 These regulations implement HSWA only to the extent that they apply to the standards for staging piles and to §§ 264.1(j) and 264.101(d) of this chapter.

Table 2 - Self-Implementing Provisions of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984

Effective date Self-implementing provision RCRA citation Federal Register reference
Nov. 8, 1984Delisting procedures3001(f)July 15, 1985, 50 FR 28702-55.
DoWaste disposal for small quantity generators prior to March 31, 19863001(d)(5) Do.
DoProhibition of disposal in salt domes, salt beds and underground mines and caves3004(b) Do.
DoLand disposal prohibition not applicable to contaminated soil or debris from a CERCLA response action or a RCRA corrective action prior to November 8, 19883004(d)(3) Do.
DoLoss of interim status3005(c)(2)(C) & (e)(2)-(3) Do.
DoStorage of wastes prohibited from land disposal3004(j) & 3005(j)(11) Do.
DoProhibition of waste and used oil as dust suppressant3004(l) Do.
DoMinimum technological requirements for new and expanding surface impoundments, landfills and incinerators3004(o) Do.
DoGround water monitoring3004(p) Do.
DoProhibition for burning fuels containing hazardous waste in any cement kilns3004(q)(2)(C) Do.
DoFinancial responsibility for liability of guarantor when owner/operator is in bankruptcy3004(t)(2)-(3) Do.
DoCorrective action3004(u) Do.
DoReview of land disposal permits every 5 years3005(c)(3) Do.
DoPermit terms and conditions necessary to protect human health and the environment3005(c)(3) Do.
DoResearch, development, and demonstration permits3005(g) Do.
DoInterim status facilities receiving waste after July 26, 19823005(i) Do.
DoDeadline for surface impoundment retrofit exemption application3005(j)(5) Do.
Feb. 7, 1985Fuel labeling requirements3004(r) Do.
May 8, 1985Prohibition of liquids in landfills3004(c)(1) Do.
DoExpansions during interim status for waste piles3015(a) Do.
DoExpansions during interim status for landfills and surface impoundments3015(b) Do.
DoInterim control of hazardous waste disposed of by underground injection7010(a) Do.
Aug. 5, 1985Small quantity generator manifest requirements3001(d)(3) Do.
Aug. 8, 1985Exposure assessments to accompany landfill and surface impoundment permit applications3019(a) Do.
Sept. 1, 1985Waste minimization certification on manifest3002(b) Do.
DoWaste minimization permit condition3005(h) Do.
Nov. 8, 1985Prohibition of non-hazardous liquids in landfills3004(c)(3) Do.
DoNotification of hazardous waste export3017(c) Do.
Feb. 8, 1986 1Notification requirements for producers, burners, blenders, distributors and marketers of waste derived fuel3010(a)Nov. 29, 1985, 50 FR 49164-211.
Mar. 31, 1986 2Small quantity generator requirements3001(d)(8)Mar. 24, 1986, 51 FR 10146-78.
Nov. 8, 1986Land disposal prohibitions on dioxins and F001-F005 solvents3004(e)Nov. 7, 1986, 51 FR 40572.
DoTemporary granting of exclusion petitions ceases3001(f)(2)(B)
DoExport of hazardous waste3017(a)Aug. 8, 1986, 51 FR 28664-86.
July 8, 1987Land disposal restrictions for California list wastes3004(d)July 8, 1987, 52 FR 25760.
Sept. 23, 1987Exception reporting for small quantity generators of hazardous waste52 FR 35899Mar. 23, 1988.
Aug. 8, 1988Prohibition on California wastes, dioxins, and solvents in deep injection wells3004(f)(3)
DoLand disposal restrictions of 1/3 of listed wastes3004(g)(6)(A)Aug. 17, 1988, 53 FR 31138-222.
Nov. 8, 1988Prohibition on wastes in existing surface impoundments unless double lined3005(j)
June 8, 1989Prohibition on land disposal of 2/3 of listed wastes3004(g)(6)(B)June 23, 1989, 54 FR 26594-652.
May 8, 1990Prohibition on land disposal of 3/3 of listed wastes3004(g)(6)(C)June 1, 1990, 55 FR 22520-720.
Aug. 8, 1991Prohibition on land disposal of K061 high zinc nonwastewaters3004(g)(6)(A)Aug. 19, 1991, 56 FR 41178.
June 30, 1992Surface Impoundment Retrofit37282Aug. 18, 1992, 57 FR 37282.
Nov. 9, 1992Prohibition on land disposal of hazardous debris and newly listed wastes......DoAug. 18, 1992, 57 FR 37282.
Feb. 18, 1993Containment buildings......DoAug. 18, 1992, 57 FR 37282.
Aug. 9, 1993Prohibition on land disposal of characteristic wastes whose treatment standards were vacated3004(g)(6)(c)May 24, 1993, 58 FR 29887.
Dec. 19, 1994Prohibition on land disposal of newly listed and identified wastes3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Sept. 19, 1994, 59 FR 47982-48110.
Sept. 19, 1995Establishment of treatment standards for D001 and D012-D017 wastes injected into nonhazardous deep wells3004(m) Do.
Apr. 8, 1996Prohibition on land disposal of K088 wastes3004(m)Apr. 8, 1996, 61 FR 15660.
July 8, 1996Prohibition on land disposal of carbamate wastes3004(m)Apr. 8, 1996, 61 FR 15660.
July 8, 1996Prohibition on land disposal of carbamate wastes (Vacated wastes)3004(m)June 17, 1997, 62 FR 32979.
Sept. 6, 1996Prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with the newly listed or identified wastes, including soil and debris3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Sept. 19, 1994, 59 FR 47982-48110.
Oct. 8, 1996Prohibition on land disposal of K088 wastes3004(m)Apr. 8, 1998, 61 FR 15660.
Dec. 6, 1996Air Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers3004(n)Dec. 6, 1994, 59 FR 62896-62953.
Aug. 11, 1997Prohibition on land disposal of wood preserving wastes3004(g)(4)(c) and 3004 (m)May 12, 1997,
62 FR 26040.
Apr. 8, 1998Prohibition on disposal of radioactive waste mixed with newly listed or identified wastes, including soil and debris (Vacated carbamate wastes)3304(g)(4)(c) and 3004(m)June 17, 1997, 62 FR 32979.
Aug. 24, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of newly identified wastes, including TC metal wastes and characteristic mineral processing wastes; treatment standards for contaminated soil.3004(m)May 26, 1998, 63 FR 28753.
Sept. 4, 1998Emergency Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Phase III Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous Wastes from Carbamate Production3004(m)Sept. 4, 1998, 63 FR 47418.
Sept. 21, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of K088 wastes, and prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with K088 wastes, including soil and debris3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Sept. 24, 1998, 63 FR 51267.
Nov. 4, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of newly listed and identified wastes.3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)May 4, 1998, 63 FR 24596.
Nov. 4, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with the newly listed and identified wastes, including soil and debris3004(m) 3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)May 4, 1998, 63 FR 24596.
Nov. 4, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of organobromine waste (Vacated wastes)3004(g)(4)(c) and 3004(m)Mar. 17, 2000, 65 FR 14475.
Nov. 4, 1998Prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with the newly listed and identified wastes, including soil and debris (Vacated organobromine wastes)3004(m) and 3004(g)(4)(c)Mar. 17, 2000, 65 FR 14475.
Feb. 8, 1999Prohibition on land disposal of newly listed and identified wastes; and prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with the newly listed or identified wastes, including soil and debris3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Aug. 6, 1998, 63 FR 42188.
May 12, 1999Prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste and soil and debris mixed with wood preserving wastes3004(m)May 12, 1997, 62 FR 26040.
May 26, 2000Prohibition on land disposal of newly identified wastes from elemental phosphorus processing and mixed radioactive and newly identified TC metal/mineral processing wastes (including soil and debris).
Prohibition on underground injection of newly identified mineral processing wastes from titanium dioxide production.
3004(m)May 26, 1998, 63 FR 28753.
May 7, 2001Prohibition on land disposal of K174 and K175 wastes, and prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with K174 and K175 wastes, including soil and debris.3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Nov. 8, 2000, 65 FR 67132.
May 20, 2002Prohibition on land disposal of K176, K177, and K178 wastes, and prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with K176, K177, and K178 wastes, including soil and debris3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Nov. 20, 2002, 66 FR 28299.
Jan. 24, 2003Elimination of LDR Treatment Standards Exemption for K061 Derived Fertilizers3004(g)(6)July 24, 2002, 66 FR 48414.
Aug. 23, 2005Prohibition on land disposal of K181 waste, and prohibition on land disposal of radioactive waste mixed with K181 wastes, including soil and debris3004(g)(4)(C) and 3004(m)Feb. 24, 2005, 70 FR 9179.
July 7, 2010Exports of hazardous waste3017(a)75 FR 1262
August 12, 2011Land Disposal Restrictions: Revision of the Treatment Standards for Carbamate Hazardous Wastes3004(m)76 FR [Insert Page Numbers]
December 31, 2016Hazardous Waste Export-Import Revisions3017(a)81 FR 85728

1 Note that the effective date was changed to Jan. 29, 1986 by the Nov. 29, 1985 rule.

2 Note that the effective date was changed to Sept. 22, 1986 by the Mar. 24, 1986 rule.

[48 FR 14248, Apr. 1, 1983] Editorial Note:For Federal Register citations affecting § 271.1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.govinfo.gov.