In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
Each of the terms “American homeland” and “homeland” means the United States.
The term “appropriate congressional committee” means any committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate having legislative or oversight jurisdiction under the Rules of the House of Representatives or the Senate, respectively, over the matter concerned.
The term “assets” includes contracts, facilities, property, records, unobligated or unexpended balances of appropriations, and other funds or resources (other than personnel).
The term “critical infrastructure” has the meaning given that term in section 5195c(e) of title 42.
The term “Department” means the Department of Homeland Security.
The term “emergency response providers” includes Federal, State, and local governmental and nongovernmental emergency public safety, fire, law enforcement, emergency response, emergency medical (including hospital emergency facilities), and related personnel, agencies, and authorities.
The term “EMP” means an electromagnetic pulse caused by a nuclear device or nonnuclear device, including such a pulse caused by an act of terrorism.
The term “executive agency” means an executive agency and a military department, as defined, respectively, in sections 105 and 102 of title 5.
The term “functions” includes authorities, powers, rights, privileges, immunities, programs, projects, activities, duties, and responsibilities.
The term “GMD” means a geomagnetic disturbance caused by a solar storm or another naturally occurring phenomenon.
The term “intelligence component of the Department” means any element or entity of the Department that collects, gathers, processes, analyzes, produces, or disseminates intelligence information within the scope of the information sharing environment, including homeland security information, terrorism information, and weapons of mass destruction information, or national intelligence, as defined under section 3003(5) of title 50, except—
the United States Secret Service; and
the Coast Guard, when operating under the direct authority of the Secretary of Defense or Secretary of the Navy pursuant to section 3 1
1 See References in Text note below.
The term “key resources” means publicly or privately controlled resources essential to the minimal operations of the economy and government.
The term “local government” means—
a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government;
an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and
a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity.
The term “major disaster” has the meaning given in section 5122(2) of title 42.
The term “personnel” means officers and employees.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Homeland Security.
The term “State” means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United States.
The term “terrorism” means any activity that—
involves an act that—
is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; and
is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United States; and
appears to be intended—
to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.
The term “United States”, when used in a geographic sense, means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any possession of the United States, and any waters within the jurisdiction of the United States.
Nothing in this paragraph or any other provision of this chapter shall be construed to modify the definition of “United States” for the purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.] or any other immigration or nationality law.
The term “voluntary preparedness standards” means a common set of criteria for preparedness, disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity programs, such as the American National Standards Institute’s National Fire Protection Association Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs (ANSI/NFPA 1600).
(Pub. L. 107–296, § 2, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2140; Pub. L. 109–295, title VI, § 612(d), Oct. 4, 2006, 120 Stat. 1410; Pub. L. 109–347, title VI, § 613, Oct. 13, 2006, 120 Stat. 1943; Pub. L. 110–53, title V, § 502(a), title IX, § 901(d), Aug. 3, 2007, 121 Stat. 310, 371; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XIX, § 1913(a)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2684.)