United States Code

USC most recently checked for updates: Jan 22, 2021

§ 1587.
Employees of nonappropriated fund instrumentalities: reprisals
(a)
In this section:
(1)
The term “nonappropriated fund instrumentality employee” means a civilian employee who is paid from nonappropriated funds of Army and Air Force Exchange Service, Navy Exchange Service Command, Marine Corps exchanges, or any other instrumentality of the United States under the jurisdiction of the armed forces which is conducted for the comfort, pleasure, contentment, or physical or mental improvement of members of the armed forces. Such term includes a civilian employee of a support organization within the Department of Defense or a military department, such as the Defense Finance and Accounting Service, who is paid from nonappropriated funds on account of the nature of the employee’s duties.
(2)
The term “civilian employee” has the meaning given the term “employee” by section 2105(a) of title 5.
(3)
The term “personnel action”, with respect to a nonappropriated fund instrumentality employee (or an applicant for a position as such an employee), means—
(A)
an appointment;
(B)
a promotion;
(C)
a disciplinary or corrective action;
(D)
a detail, transfer, or reassignment;
(E)
a reinstatement, restoration, or reemployment;
(F)
a decision concerning pay, benefits, or awards, or concerning education or training if the education or training may reasonably be expected to lead to an appointment, promotion, or other action described in this paragraph; and
(G)
any other significant change in duties or responsibilities that is inconsistent with the employee’s salary or grade level.
(b)
Any civilian employee or member of the armed forces who has authority to take, direct others to take, recommend, or approve any personnel action shall not, with respect to such authority, take or fail to take, or threaten to take or fail to take, a personnel action with respect to any nonappropriated fund instrumentality employee (or any applicant for a position as such an employee) as a reprisal for—
(1)
a disclosure of information by such an employee or applicant which the employee or applicant reasonably believes evidences—
(A)
a violation of any law, rule, or regulation; or
(B)
mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety;
if such disclosure is not specifically prohibited by law and if the information is not specifically required by or pursuant to executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs; or
(2)
a disclosure by such an employee or applicant to any civilian employee or member of the armed forces designated by law or by the Secretary of Defense to receive disclosures described in clause (1), of information which the employee or applicant reasonably believes evidences—
(A)
a violation of any law, rule, or regulation; or
(B)
mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety.
(c)
This section does not apply to an employee in a position excluded from the coverage of this section by the President based upon a determination by the President that the exclusion is necessary and warranted by conditions of good administration.
(d)
The Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for the prevention of actions prohibited by subsection (b) and for the correction of any such actions that are taken. The authority of the Secretary to correct such actions may not be delegated to the Secretary of a military department or to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Logistics.
(e)
The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management and the Special Counsel of the Merit Systems Protection Board, shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall include provisions to protect the confidentiality of employees and applicants making disclosures described in clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (b) and to permit the reporting of alleged violations of subsection (b) directly to the Inspector General of the Department of Defense.
(Added Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, § 1253(a)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 699; amended Pub. L. 100–26, § 7(k)(2), Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IX, § 903(f)(3), title X, § 1040(a)–(d)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 402, 433; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IX, § 901, Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2617; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title VI, § 641, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 787.)
cite as: 10 USC 1587