(c) Assistance to insured depository institutions (1) The Corporation is authorized, in its sole discretion and upon such terms and conditions as the Board of Directors may prescribe, to make loans to, to make deposits in, to purchase the assets or securities of, to assume the liabilities of, or to make contributions to, any insured depository institution—
(A) if such action is taken to prevent the default of such insured depository institution;
(B) if, with respect to an insured bank in default, such action is taken to restore such insured bank to normal operation; or
(C) if, when severe financial conditions exist which threaten the stability of a significant number of insured depository institutions or of insured depository institutions possessing significant financial resources, such action is taken in order to lessen the risk to the Corporation posed by such insured depository institution under such threat of instability.
(2) (A) In order to facilitate a merger or consolidation of another 1
1 So in original. Probably should be “an”. insured depository institution described in subparagraph (B) with another insured depository institution or the sale of any or all of the assets of such insured depository institution or the assumption of any or all of such insured depository institution’s liabilities by another insured depository institution, or the acquisition of the stock of such insured depository institution, the Corporation is authorized, in its sole discretion and upon such terms and conditions as the Board of Directors may prescribe—
(i) to purchase any such assets or assume any such liabilities;
(ii) to make loans or contributions to, or deposits in, or purchase the securities of, such other insured depository institution or the company which controls or will acquire control of such other insured depository institution;
(iii) to guarantee such other insured depository institution or the company which controls or will acquire control of such other insured depository institution against loss by reason of such insured institution’s merging or consolidating with or assuming the liabilities and purchasing the assets of such insured depository institution or by reason of such company acquiring control of such insured depository institution; or
(iv) to take any combination of the actions referred to in subparagraphs (i) through (iii).
(B) For the purpose of subparagraph (A), the insured depository institution must be an insured depository institution—
(i) which is in default;
(ii) which, in the judgment of the Board of Directors, is in danger of default; or
(iii) which, when severe financial conditions exist which threaten the stability of a significant number of insured depository institutions or of insured depository institutions possessing significant financial resources, is determined by the Corporation, in its sole discretion, to require assistance under subparagraph (A) in order to lessen the risk to the Corporation posed by such insured depository institution under such threat of instability.
(C) Any action to which the Corporation is or becomes a party by acquiring any asset or exercising any other authority set forth in this section shall be stayed for a period of 60 days at the request of the Corporation.
(3) The Corporation may provide any person acquiring control of, merging with, consolidating with or acquiring the assets of an insured depository institution under subsection (f) or (k) of this section with such financial assistance as it could provide an insured institution under this subsection.
(4)Least-cost resolution required.— (A)In general.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Corporation may not exercise any authority under this subsection or subsection (d), (f), (h), (i), or (k) with respect to any insured depository institution unless—
(i) the Corporation determines that the exercise of such authority is necessary to meet the obligation of the Corporation to provide insurance coverage for the insured deposits in such institution; and
(ii) the total amount of the expenditures by the Corporation and obligations incurred by the Corporation (including any immediate and long-term obligation of the Corporation and any direct or contingent liability for future payment by the Corporation) in connection with the exercise of any such authority with respect to such institution is the least costly to the Deposit Insurance Fund of all possible methods for meeting the Corporation’s obligation under this section.
(B)Determining least costly approach.—In determining how to satisfy the Corporation’s obligations to an institution’s insured depositors at the least possible cost to the Deposit Insurance Fund, the Corporation shall comply with the following provisions:
(i)Present-value analysis; documentation required.—The Corporation shall—(I) evaluate alternatives on a present-value basis, using a realistic discount rate;(II) document that evaluation and the assumptions on which the evaluation is based, including any assumptions with regard to interest rates, asset recovery rates, asset holding costs, and payment of contingent liabilities; and(III) retain the documentation for not less than 5 years.
(ii)Foregone tax revenues.—Federal tax revenues that the Government would forego as the result of a proposed transaction, to the extent reasonably ascertainable, shall be treated as if they were revenues foregone by the Deposit Insurance Fund.
(C)Time of determination.—
(i)General rule.—For purposes of this subsection, the determination of the costs of providing any assistance under paragraph (1) or (2) or any other provision of this section with respect to any depository institution shall be made as of the date on which the Corporation makes the determination to provide such assistance to the institution under this section.
(ii)Rule for liquidations.—For purposes of this subsection, the determination of the costs of liquidation of any depository institution shall be made as of the earliest of—(I) the date on which a conservator is appointed for such institution;(II) the date on which a receiver is appointed for such institution; or(III) the date on which the Corporation makes any determination to provide any assistance under this section with respect to such institution.
(D)Liquidation costs.—In determining the cost of liquidating any depository institution for the purpose of comparing the costs under subparagraph (A) (with respect to such institution), the amount of such cost may not exceed the amount which is equal to the sum of the insured deposits of such institution as of the earliest of the dates described in subparagraph (C), minus the present value of the total net amount the Corporation reasonably expects to receive from the disposition of the assets of such institution in connection with such liquidation.
(E)Deposit insurance fund available for intended purpose only.—
(i)In general.—After December 31, 1994, or at such earlier time as the Corporation determines to be appropriate, the Corporation may not take any action, directly or indirectly, with respect to any insured depository institution that would have the effect of increasing losses to the Deposit Insurance Fund by protecting—(I) depositors for more than the insured portion of deposits (determined without regard to whether such institution is liquidated); or(II) creditors other than depositors.
(ii)Deadline for regulations.—The Corporation shall prescribe regulations to implement clause (i) not later than January 1, 1994, and the regulations shall take effect not later than January 1, 1995.
(iii)Purchase and assumption transactions.—No provision of this subparagraph shall be construed as prohibiting the Corporation from allowing any person who acquires any assets or assumes any liabilities of any insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver to acquire uninsured deposit liabilities of such institution so long as the insurance fund does not incur any loss with respect to such deposit liabilities in an amount greater than the loss which would have been incurred with respect to such liabilities if the institution had been liquidated.
(F)Discretionary determinations.—Any determination which the Corporation may make under this paragraph shall be made in the sole discretion of the Corporation.
(G)Systemic risk.— (i)Emergency determination by secretary of the treasury.—Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (E), if, upon the written recommendation of the Board of Directors (upon a vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Board of Directors) and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (upon a vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of such Board), the Secretary of the Treasury (in consultation with the President) determines that—(I) the Corporation’s compliance with subparagraphs (A) and (E) with respect to an insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed receiver would have serious adverse effects on economic conditions or financial stability; and(II) any action or assistance under this subparagraph would avoid or mitigate such adverse effects,
the Corporation may take other action or provide assistance under this section for the purpose of winding up the insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed receiver as necessary to avoid or mitigate such effects.
(ii)Repayment of loss.—(I)In general.—The Corporation shall recover the loss to the Deposit Insurance Fund arising from any action taken or assistance provided with respect to an insured depository institution under clause (i) from 1 or more special assessments on insured depository institutions, depository institution holding companies (with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Treasury with respect to holding companies), or both, as the Corporation determines to be appropriate.(II)Treatment of depository institution holding companies.—For purposes of this clause, sections 1817(c)(2) and 1828(h) of this title shall apply to depository institution holding companies as if they were insured depository institutions.(III)Regulations.—The Corporation shall prescribe such regulations as it deems necessary to implement this clause. In prescribing such regulations, defining terms, and setting the appropriate assessment rate or rates, the Corporation shall establish rates sufficient to cover the losses incurred as a result of the actions of the Corporation under clause (i) and shall consider: the types of entities that benefit from any action taken or assistance provided under this subparagraph; economic conditions, the effects on the industry, and such other factors as the Corporation deems appropriate and relevant to the action taken or the assistance provided. Any funds so collected that exceed actual losses shall be placed in the Deposit Insurance Fund.
(iii)Documentation required.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall—(I) document any determination under clause (i); and(II) retain the documentation for review under clause (iv).
(iv)GAO review.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall review and report to the Congress on any determination under clause (i), including—(I) the basis for the determination;(II) the purpose for which any action was taken pursuant to such clause; and(III) the likely effect of the determination and such action on the incentives and conduct of insured depository institutions and uninsured depositors.
(v)Notice.—(I)In general.—Not later than 3 days after making a determination under clause (i), the Secretary of the Treasury shall provide written notice of any determination under clause (i) to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives.(II)Description of basis of determination.—The notice under subclause (I) shall include a description of the basis for any determination under clause (i).
(H)Rule of construction.—No provision of law shall be construed as permitting the Corporation to take any action prohibited by paragraph (4) unless such provision expressly provides, by direct reference to this paragraph, that this paragraph shall not apply with respect to such action.
(5) The Corporation may not use its authority under this subsection to purchase the voting or common stock of an insured depository institution. Nothing in the preceding sentence shall be construed to limit the ability of the Corporation to enter into and enforce covenants and agreements that it determines to be necessary to protect its financial interest.
(A) During any period in which an insured depository institution has received assistance under this subsection and such assistance is still outstanding, such insured depository institution may defer the payment of any State or local tax which is determined on the basis of the deposits held by such insured depository institution or of the interest or dividends paid on such deposits.
(B) When such insured depository institution no longer has any outstanding assistance, such insured depository institution shall pay all taxes which were deferred under subparagraph (A). Such payments shall be made in accordance with a payment plan established by the Corporation, after consultation with the applicable State and local taxing authorities.
(7) The transfer of any assets or liabilities associated with any trust business of an insured depository institution in default under subparagraph (2)(A) shall be effective without any State or Federal approval, assignment, or consent with respect thereto.
(8)Assistance before appointment of conservator or receiver.— (A)In general.—Subject to the least-cost provisions of paragraph (4), the Corporation shall consider providing direct financial assistance under this section for depository institutions before the appointment of a conservator or receiver for such institution only under the following circumstances:
(i)Troubled condition criteria.—The Corporation determines—(I) grounds for the appointment of a conservator or receiver exist or likely will exist in the future unless the depository institution’s capital levels are increased; and(II) it is unlikely that the institution can meet all currently applicable capital standards without assistance.
(ii)Other criteria.—The depository institution meets the following criteria:(I) The appropriate Federal banking agency and the Corporation have determined that, during such period of time preceding the date of such determination as the agency or the Corporation considers to be relevant, the institution’s management has been competent and has complied with applicable laws, rules, and supervisory directives and orders.(II) The institution’s management did not engage in any insider dealing, speculative practice, or other abusive activity.
(B)Public disclosure.—Any determination under this paragraph to provide assistance under this section shall be made in writing and published in the Federal Register.
(9) Any assistance provided under this subsection may be in subordination to the rights of depositors and other creditors.
(10) In its annual report to the Congress, the Corporation shall report the total amount it has saved, or estimates it has saved, by exercising the authority provided in this subsection.
(11)Unenforceability of certain agreements.—No provision contained in any existing or future standstill, confidentiality, or other agreement that, directly or indirectly—
(A) affects, restricts, or limits the ability of any person to offer to acquire or acquire,
(B) prohibits any person from offering to acquire or acquiring, or
(C) prohibits any person from using any previously disclosed information in connection with any such offer to acquire or acquisition of,
all or part of any insured depository institution, including any liabilities, assets, or interest therein, in connection with any transaction in which the Corporation exercises its authority under section 1821 of this title or this section, shall be enforceable against or impose any liability on such person, as such enforcement or liability shall be contrary to public policy.
(e) Agreements against interests of Corporation (1) In generalNo agreement which tends to diminish or defeat the interest of the Corporation in any asset acquired by it under this section or section 1821 of this title, either as security for a loan or by purchase or as receiver of any insured depository institution, shall be valid against the Corporation unless such agreement—
(A) is in writing,
(B) was executed by the depository institution and any person claiming an adverse interest thereunder, including the obligor, contemporaneously with the acquisition of the asset by the depository institution,
(C) was approved by the board of directors of the depository institution or its loan committee, which approval shall be reflected in the minutes of said board or committee, and
(D) has been, continuously, from the time of its execution, an official record of the depository institution.
(2) Exemptions from contemporaneous execution requirementAn agreement to provide for the lawful collateralization of—
(A) deposits of, or other credit extension by, a Federal, State, or local governmental entity, or of any depositor referred to in section 1821(a)(2) of this title, including an agreement to provide collateral in lieu of a surety bond;
(B) bankruptcy estate funds pursuant to section 345(b)(2) of title 11;
(C) extensions of credit, including any overdraft, from a Federal reserve bank or Federal home loan bank; or
(D) one or more qualified financial contracts, as defined in section 1821(e)(8)(D) of this title,
shall not be deemed invalid pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) solely because such agreement was not executed contemporaneously with the acquisition of the collateral or because of pledges, delivery, or substitution of the collateral made in accordance with such agreement.
(f) Assisted emergency interstate acquisitions (1) This subsection shall apply only to an acquisition of an insured bank or a holding company by an out-of-State bank 2
2 So in original. Probably should be followed by “or”. savings association or out-of-State holding company for which the Corporation provides assistance under subsection (c).
(A) Whenever an insured bank with total assets of $500,000,000 or more (as determined from its most recent report of condition) is in default, the Corporation, as receiver, may, in its discretion and upon such terms and conditions as the Corporation may determine, arrange the sale of assets of the bank in default and the assumption of the liabilities of the bank in default, including the sale of such assets to and the assumption of such liabilities by an insured depository institution located in the State where the bank in default was chartered but established by an out-of-State bank or holding company. Where otherwise lawfully required, a transaction under this subsection must be approved by the primary Federal or State supervisor of all parties thereto.
(i) Before making a determination to take any action under subparagraph (A), the Corporation shall consult the State bank supervisor of the State in which the insured bank in default was chartered.
(ii) The State bank supervisor shall be given a reasonable opportunity, and in no event less than forty-eight hours, to object to the use of the provisions of this paragraph. Such notice may be provided by the Corporation prior to its appointment as receiver, but in anticipation of an impending appointment.
(iii) If the State supervisor objects during such period, the Corporation may use the authority of this paragraph only by a vote of 75 percent of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall provide to the State supervisor, as soon as practicable, a written certification of its determination.
(3)Emergency Interstate Acquisitions of Insured Banks in Danger of Default.— (A)Acquisition of insured banks in danger of default.—One or more out-of-State banks or out-of-State holding companies may acquire and retain all or part of the shares or assets of, or otherwise acquire and retain—
(i) an insured bank in danger of default which has total assets of $500,000,000 or more; or
(ii) 2 or more affiliated insured banks in danger of default which have aggregate total assets of $500,000,000 or more, if the aggregate total assets of such banks is equal to or greater than 33 percent of the aggregate total assets of all affiliated insured banks.
(B)Acquisition of a holding company or other bank affiliate.—If one or more out-of-State banks or out-of-State holding companies acquire 1 or more affiliated insured banks under subparagraph (A) the aggregate total assets of which is equal to or greater than 33 percent of the aggregate total assets of all affiliated insured banks, any such out-of-State bank or out-of-State holding company may also, as part of the same transaction, acquire and retain the shares or assets of, or otherwise acquire and retain—
(i) the holding company which controls the affiliated insured banks so acquired; or
(ii) any other affiliated insured bank.
(C)Request for assistance by corporate board of directors.—The Corporation may assist an acquisition or merger authorized under subparagraph (A) only if the board of directors or trustees of each insured bank in danger of default which is being acquired has requested in writing that the Corporation assist the acquisition or merger.
(D)Certain acquisitions authorized after assistance is provided.—Notwithstanding paragraph (1), if—
(i) at any time after August 10, 1987, the Corporation provides any assistance under subsection (c) to an insured bank; and
(ii) at the time such assistance is granted, the insured bank, the holding company which controls the insured bank (if any), or any affiliated insured bank is eligible to be acquired by an out-of-State bank or out-of-State holding company under this paragraph,
the insured bank, the holding company, and such other affiliated insured bank shall remain eligible, subject to such terms and conditions as the Corporation (in the Corporation’s discretion) may impose, to be acquired by an out-of-State bank or out-of-State holding company under this paragraph as long as any portion of such assistance remains outstanding.
(E)State bank supervisor approval.—The Corporation may take no final action in connection with any acquisition under this paragraph unless the State bank supervisor of the State in which the bank in danger of default is located approves the acquisition.
(F)Other requirements not affected.—This paragraph does not affect any other requirement under Federal or State law for regulatory approval of an acquisition under this paragraph.
(G)Acquisition may be conditioned on receipt of consideration for corporation’s assistance.—Any acquisition described in subparagraph (D) may be conditioned on the receipt of such consideration for the Corporation’s assistance as the Board of Directors deems appropriate.
(4) (A)Acquisitions Not Subject to Certain Other Laws.—Section 1842(d) of this title, any provision of State law, and section 1730a(e)(3) 3
3 See References in Text note below. of this title shall not apply to prohibit any acquisition under paragraph (2) or (3), except that an out-of-State bank may make such an acquisition only if such ownership is otherwise specifically authorized.
(B) Any subsidiary created by operation of this subsection may retain and operate any existing branch or branches of the institution merged with or acquired under paragraph (2) or (3), but otherwise shall be subject to the conditions upon which a national bank may establish and operate branches in the State in which such insured institution is located.
(C) No insured institution acquired under this subsection shall after it is acquired move its principal office or any branch office which it would be prohibited from moving if the institution were a national bank.
(D)Subsequent Nonemergency Interstate Acquisitions Subject to State Law.—
(i)In general.—Any out-of-State bank holding company which acquires control of an insured bank in any State under paragraph (2) or (3) may acquire any other insured bank and establish branches in such State to the same extent as a bank holding company whose insured bank subsidiaries’ operations are principally conducted in such State may acquire any other insured bank or establish branches.
(ii)Delayed date of applicability.—Clause (i) shall not apply with respect to any out-of-State bank holding company referred to in such clause before the earlier of—(I) the end of the 2-year period beginning on the date the acquisition referred to in such clause with respect to such company is consummated; or(II) the end of any period established under State law during which such out-of-State bank holding company may not be treated as a bank holding company whose insured bank subsidiaries’ operations are principally conducted in such State for purposes of acquiring other insured banks or establishing bank branches.
(iii)Determination of principally conducted.—For purposes of this subparagraph, the State in which the operations of a holding company’s insured bank subsidiaries are principally conducted is the State determined under section 1842(d) of this title with respect to such holding company.
(E)Certain State Interstate Banking Laws Inapplicable.—Any holding company which acquires control of any insured bank or holding company under paragraph (2) or (3) or subparagraph (D) of this paragraph shall not, by reason of such acquisition, be required under the law of any State to divest any other insured bank or be prevented from acquiring any other bank or holding company.
(5) In determining whether to arrange a sale of assets and assumption of liabilities or an acquisition or a merger under the authority of paragraph (2) or (3), the Corporation may solicit such offers or proposals as are practicable from any prospective purchasers or merger partners it determines, in its sole discretion, are both qualified and capable of acquiring the assets and liabilities of the bank in default or the bank in danger of default.
(A) If, after receiving offers, the offer presenting the lowest expense to the Corporation, that is in a form and with conditions acceptable to the Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the “lowest acceptable offer”), is from an offeror that is not an existing in-State bank of the same type as the bank that is in default or is in danger of default (or, where the bank is an insured bank other than a mutual savings bank, the lowest acceptable offer is not from an in-State holding company), the Corporation shall permit the offeror which made the initial lowest acceptable offer and each offeror who made an offer the estimated cost of which to the Corporation was within 15 per centum or $15,000,000, whichever is less, of the initial lowest acceptable offer to submit a new offer.
(B) In considering authorizations under this subsection, the Corporation shall give consideration to the need to minimize the cost of financial assistance and to the maintenance of specialized depository institutions. The Corporation shall authorize transactions under this subsection considering the following priorities:
(i) First, between depository institutions of the same type within the same State.
(ii) Second, between depository institutions of the same type—(I) in different States which by statute specifically authorize such acquisitions; or(II) in the absence of such statutes, in different States which are contiguous.
(iii) Third, between depository institutions of the same type in different States other than the States described in clause (ii).
(iv) Fourth, between depository institutions of different types in the same State.
(v) Fifth, between depository institutions of different types—(I) in different States which by statute specifically authorize such acquisitions; or(II) in the absence of such statutes, in different States which are contiguous.
(vi) Sixth, between depository institutions of different types in different States other than the States described in clause (v).
(C)Minority Bank Priority.—In the case of a minority-controlled bank, the Corporation shall seek an offer from other minority-controlled banks before proceeding with the bidding priorities set forth in subparagraph (B).
(D) In determining the cost of offers and reoffers, the Corporation’s calculations and estimations shall be determinative. The Corporation may set reasonable time limits on offers and reoffers.
(7) No sale may be made under the provisions of paragraph (2) or (3)—
(A) which would result in a monopoly, or which would be in furtherance of any combination or conspiracy to monopolize or to attempt to monopolize the business of banking in any part of the United States;
(B) whose effect in any section of the country may be substantially to lessen competition, or to tend to create a monopoly, or which in any other manner would be in restraint of trade, unless the Corporation finds that the anticompetitive effects of the proposed transactions are clearly outweighed in the public interest by the probable effect of the transaction in meeting the convenience and needs of the community to be served; or
(C) if in the opinion of the Corporation the acquisition threatens the safety and soundness of the acquirer or does not result in the future viability of the resulting depository institution.
(8) As used in this subsection—
(A) the term “in-State depository institution or in-State holding company” means an existing insured depository institution currently operating in the State in which the bank in default or the bank in danger of default is chartered or a company that is operating an insured depository institution subsidiary in the State in which the bank in default or the bank in danger of default is chartered;
(B) the term “acquire” means to acquire, directly or indirectly, ownership or control through—
(i) an acquisition of shares;
(ii) an acquisition of assets or assumption of liabilities;
(iii) a merger or consolidation; or
(iv) any similar transaction;
(C) the term “affiliated insured bank” means—
(i) when used in connection with a reference to a holding company, an insured bank which is a subsidiary of such holding company; and
(ii) when used in connection with a reference to 2 or more insured banks, insured banks which are subsidiaries of the same holding company; and
(D) the term “subsidiary” has the meaning given to such term in section 1841(d) of this title.
(9)No Assistance Authorized for Certain Subsidiaries of Holding Companies.—
(A)In general.—The Corporation shall not provide any assistance to a subsidiary, other than a subsidiary that is an insured depository institution, of a holding company in connection with any acquisition under this subsection.
(B)Intermediate holding company permitted.—This paragraph does not prohibit an intermediate holding company or an affiliate of an insured depository institution from being a conduit for assistance ultimately intended for an insured bank.
(A)Required.—In its annual report to Congress the Corporation shall include a report on the acquisitions under this subsection during the preceding year.
(B)Contents.—The report required under subparagraph (A) shall contain the following information:
(i) The number of acquisitions under this subsection.
(ii) A brief description of each such acquisition and the circumstances under which such acquisition occurred.
(11)For purposes of this subsection, the total assets of any insured bank shall be determined on the basis of the most recent report of condition of such bank which is available at the time of such determination.
(12)Acquisition of minority bank by minority bank holding company without regard to asset size.—
(A)In general.—For the purpose of ensuring continued minority control of a minority-controlled bank, paragraphs (2) and (3) shall apply with respect to the acquisition of a minority-controlled bank by an out-of-State minority-controlled depository institution or depository institution holding company without regard to the fact that the total assets of such minority-controlled bank are less than $500,000,000.
(B)Definitions.—For purposes of this paragraph:
(i)Minority bank.—The term “minority bank” means any depository institution described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of section 461(b)(1)(A) of this title—(I) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by one or more minority individuals; and(II) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to minority individuals.
(ii)Minority.—The term “minority” means any Black American, Native American, Hispanic American, or Asian American.
(j) Loan loss amortization for certain banks (1) EligibilityThe appropriate Federal banking agency shall permit an agricultural bank to take the actions referred to in paragraph (2) if it finds that—
(A) there is no evidence that fraud or criminal abuse on the part of the bank led to the losses referred to in paragraph (2); and
(B) the agricultural bank has a plan to restore its capital, not later than the close of the amortization period established under paragraph (2), to a level prescribed by the appropriate Federal banking agency.
(2) Seven-year loss amortization
(A) Any loss on any qualified agricultural loan that an agricultural bank would otherwise be required to show on its annual financial statement for any year between December 31, 1983, and January 1, 1992, may be amortized on its financial statements over a period of not to exceed 7 years, as provided in regulations issued by the appropriate Federal banking agency.
(B) An agricultural bank may reappraise any real estate or other property, real or personal, that it acquired coincident to the making of a qualified agricultural loan and that it owned on January 1, 1983, and any such additional property that it acquires prior to January 1, 1992. Any loss that such bank would otherwise be required to show on its annual financial statements as the result of any such reappraisal may be amortized on its financial statements over a period of not to exceed 7 years, as provided in regulations issued by the appropriate Federal banking agency.
Not later than 90 days after August 10, 1987, the appropriate Federal banking agency shall issue regulations implementing this subsection with respect to banks that it supervises, including regulations implementing the capital restoration requirement of paragraph (1)(B).
(4) DefinitionsAs used in this subsection— (A) the term “agricultural bank” means a bank—
(i) the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
(ii) which is located in an area the economy of which is dependent on agriculture;
(iii) which has assets of $100,000,000 or less; and
(iv) which has—(I) at least 25 percent of its total loans in qualified agricultural loans; or(II) fewer than 25 percent of its total loans in qualified agricultural loans but which the appropriate Federal banking agency or State bank commissioner recommends to the Corporation for eligibility under this section, or which the Corporation, on its motion, deems eligible; and
(B) the term “qualified agricultural loan” means a loan made to finance the production of agricultural products or livestock in the United States, a loan secured by farmland or farm machinery, or such other category of loans as the appropriate Federal banking agency may deem eligible.
(5) Maintenance of portfolio
As a condition of eligibility under this subsection, the agricultural bank must agree to maintain in its loan portfolio a percentage of agricultural loans which is not lower than the percentage of such loans in its loan portfolio on January 1, 1986.
(Sept. 21, 1950, ch. 967, § 2, 64 Stat. 888; Pub. L. 95–369, § 6(c)(24), Sept. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 619; Pub. L. 97–320, title I, §§ 111, 113(m), 116, 141(a)(1), (3), title II, §§ 203, 206, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1469, 1474, 1476, 1488, 1489, 1492, 1496; Pub. L. 97–457, §§ 1(a), 4, 10(a), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2507, 2508; Pub. L. 98–29, § 1(a), May 16, 1983, 97 Stat. 189; Pub. L. 100–86, title V, §§ 502(a)–(g), (i), 509(a), title VIII, § 801, Aug. 10, 1987, 101 Stat. 623–627, 629, 635, 656; Pub. L. 101–73, title II, §§ 201(a), 217, Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 187, 254; Pub. L. 102–242, title I, §§ 123(b), 141(a)(1), (e), Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2252, 2273, 2278; Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 317, title VI, § 602(a)(34)–(42), Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2223, 2289, 2290; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title II, § 2704(d)(14)(M), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–492;