View all text of Chapter 1 C [§ 470aaa - § 470aaa-11]

§ 470aaa–6. Civil penalties
(a) In general
(1) Hearing
(2) Amount of penalty
The amount of such penalty assessed under paragraph (1) shall be determined under regulations promulgated pursuant to this chapter, taking into account the following factors:
(A) The scientific or fair market value, whichever is greater, of the paleontological resource involved, as determined by the Secretary.
(B) The cost of response, restoration, and repair of the resource and the paleontological site involved.
(C) Any other factors considered relevant by the Secretary assessing the penalty.
(3) Multiple offenses
(4) Limitation
(b) Petition for judicial review; collection of unpaid assessments
Judicial review
(2) Failure to pay
If any person fails to pay a penalty under this section within 30 days—
(A) after the order making assessment has become final and the person has not filed a petition for judicial review of the order in accordance with paragraph (1); or
(B) after a court in an action brought in paragraph (1) has entered a final judgment upholding the assessment of the penalty,1
1 So in original. Following provisions probably should be set flush with par. (2).
the Secretary may request the Attorney General to institute a civil action in a district court of the United States for any district in which the person if 2
2 So in original. Probably should be “is”.
found, resides, or transacts business, to collect the penalty (plus interest at currently prevailing rates from the date of the final order or the date of the final judgment, as the case may be). The district court shall have jurisdiction to hear and decide any such action. In such action, the validity, amount, and appropriateness of such penalty shall not be subject to review. Any person who fails to pay on a timely basis the amount of an assessment of a civil penalty as described in the first sentence of this paragraph shall be required to pay, in addition to such amount and interest, attorneys fees and costs for collection proceedings.
(c) Hearings
(d) Use of recovered amounts
Penalties collected under this section shall be available to the Secretary and without further appropriation may be used only as follows:
(1) To protect, restore, or repair the paleontological resources and sites which were the subject of the action, and to protect, monitor, and study the resources and sites.
(2) To provide educational materials to the public about paleontological resources and sites.
(3) To provide for the payment of rewards as provided in section 470aaa–7 of this title.
(Pub. L. 111–11, title VI, § 6307, Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1175.)