Conservation tillage; Congressional findings, etc.
Congress finds that—
domestic and international demand for agricultural products from the United States is great and is expected to significantly increase over the next twenty years;
the ability of the United States to provide agricultural products to meet that demand is seriously impaired by the annual loss of five billion tons of soil due to wind and water erosion;
the battle against soil erosion is being lost despite the annual expenditure of millions of dollars by the Federal Government on research, technical assistance, and conservation incentives to control soil erosion;
conservation tillage practices are estimated to reduce soil erosion by 50 to 90 per centum over conventional farming practices; and
conservation tillage may result in better yields, greater land use flexibility, decreased fuel use, decreased labor and equipment costs, increased retention of soil moisture, and more productive land than conventional farming practices and may be adaptable to a broad range of soil types and slopes throughout the country.
It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Agriculture should, and is hereby urged and requested to—
direct the attention of our Nation’s farmers to the costs and benefits of conservation tillage as a means of controlling soil erosion and improving profitability; and
conduct a program of research designed to resolve any unanswered questions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of conservation tillage over other soil conservation practices.
(Pub. L. 97–98, title XV, § 1553, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1345.)