Establishment of John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System
There is established the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System, which shall consist of those undeveloped coastal barriers and other areas located on the coasts of the United States that are identified and generally depicted on the maps on file with the Secretary entitled “Coastal Barrier Resources System”, dated October 24, 1990, as those maps may be replaced, modified, revised, or corrected under—
section 4 of the Coastal Barrier Improvement Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3503
[Public Law 101–591]
any other provision of law enacted on or after November 16, 1990, that specifically replaces such a map or authorizes the modification, revision, or correction.
Boundary review and modification
At least once every 5 years, the Secretary shall review the maps referred to in subsection (a) and shall make, in consultation with the appropriate State, local, and Federal officials, such minor and technical modifications to the boundaries of System units as are necessary solely to reflect changes that have occurred in the size or location of any System unit as a result of natural forces.
Additions to System
The Secretary may add a parcel of real property to the System, if—
the owner of the parcel requests, in writing, that the Secretary add the parcel to the System; and
the parcel is an undeveloped coastal barrier.
Addition of excess Federal property
Consultation and determination
Prior to transfer or disposal of excess property under chapters 1 to 11 of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3307(e), 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41 that may be an undeveloped coastal barrier, the Administrator of General Services shall consult with and obtain from the Secretary a determination as to whether and what portion of the property constitutes an undeveloped coastal barrier. Not later than 180 days after the initiation of such consultation, the Secretary shall make and publish notice of such determination. Immediately upon issuance of a positive determination, the Secretary shall—
prepare a map depicting the undeveloped coastal barrier portion of such property; and
publish in the Federal Register notice of the addition of such property to the System.
Effective date of inclusion
An area to be added to the System under this subsection shall be part of the System effective on the date on which the Secretary publishes notice in the Federal Register under paragraph (1)(B) with respect to that area.
The Secretary shall—
keep a map showing the location of each boundary modification made under subsection (c) and of each parcel of real property added to the System under subsection (d) or (e) on file and available for public inspection in the Office of the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and in such other offices of the Service as the Director considers appropriate;
provide a copy of the map to—
the State and unit of local government in which the property is located;
the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and
revise the maps referred to in subsection (a) to reflect each boundary modification under subsection (c) and each addition of real property to the System under subsection (d) or (e), after publishing in the Federal Register a notice of any such proposed revision.
Guidelines for certain recommendations and determinations
In making any recommendation to the Congress regarding the addition of any area to the System or in determining whether, at the time of the inclusion of a System unit within the System, a coastal barrier is undeveloped, the Secretary shall consider whether within the area—
the density of development is less than 1 structure per 5 acres of land above mean high tide; and
there is existing infrastructure consisting of—
a road, with a reinforced road bed, to each lot or building site in the area;
a wastewater disposal system sufficient to serve each lot or building site in the area;
electric service for each lot or building site in the area; and
a fresh water supply for each lot or building site in the area.
In paragraph (1), the term “structure” means a walled and roofed building, other than a gas or liquid storage tank, that—
is principally above ground and affixed to a permanent site, including a manufactured home on a permanent foundation; and
covers an area of at least 200 square feet.
Nothing in this subsection supersedes the official maps referred to in subsection (a).
[Pub. L. 97–348, § 4], Oct. 18, 1982, [96 Stat. 1654]; [Pub. L. 97–396, § 8], Dec. 31, 1982, [96 Stat. 2007]; [Pub. L. 100–707, title II, § 204(b)], Nov. 23, 1988, [102 Stat. 4713]; [Pub. L. 101–591, § 3], Nov. 16, 1990, [104 Stat. 2931]; [Pub. L. 106–167, § 3(c)(3)], Dec. 9, 1999, [113 Stat. 1804]; [Pub. L. 106–514], §§ 2–3(b)(1), (c), (d), Nov. 13, 2000, [114 Stat. 2394], 2395; [Pub. L. 115–358], §§ 2(d), 3, Dec. 21, 2018, [132 Stat. 5080].)