(1) For the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1979, and each fiscal year thereafter, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of the Treasury for the United States Customs Service only such sums as may hereafter be authorized by law.
The authorization of the appropriations for the United States Customs Service for each fiscal year after fiscal year 1987 shall specify—
(A) the amount authorized for the fiscal year for the salaries and expenses of the Service in conducting commercial operations; and
(B) the amount authorized for the fiscal year for the salaries and expenses of the Service for other than commercial operations.
(3) By not later than the date on which the President submits to Congress the budget of the United States Government for a fiscal year, the Commissioner of Customs 1
1 See Change of Name note below. shall submit to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate the projected amount of funds for the succeeding fiscal year that will be necessary for the operations of the Customs Service as provided for in subsection (b).
Authorization of appropriations
For noncommercial operations
There are authorized to be appropriated for the salaries and expenses of the Customs Service that are incurred in noncommercial operations not to exceed the following:
(A) $1,365,456,000 for fiscal year 2003.
(B) $1,399,592,400 for fiscal year 2004.
For commercial operations
There are authorized to be appropriated for the salaries and expenses of the Customs Service that are incurred in commercial operations not less than the following:
(i) $1,642,602,000 for fiscal year 2003.
(ii) $1,683,667,050 for fiscal year 2004.
(B) The monies authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A) for any fiscal year, except for such sums as may be necessary for the salaries and expenses of the Customs Service that are incurred in connection with the processing of merchandise that is exempt from the fees imposed under section 58c(a)(9) and (10) of this title, shall be appropriated from the Customs User Fee Account.
For air interdiction
There are authorized to be appropriated for the operation (including salaries and expenses) and maintenance of the air interdiction program of the Customs Service not to exceed the following:
(A) $170,829,000 for fiscal year 2003.
(B) $175,099,725 for fiscal year 2004.
Allocation of resources; notice to Congressional committees
(1) The Commissioner of Customs 1 shall ensure that existing levels of commercial services, including inspection and control, classification, and value, shall continue to be provided by Customs personnel assigned to the headquarters office of any Customs district designated by statute before April 7, 1986. The number of such personnel assigned to any such district headquarters shall not be reduced through attrition or otherwise, and such personnel shall be afforded the opportunity to maintain their proficiency through training and workshops to the same extent provided to Customs personnel in any other district. Automation and other modernization equipment shall be made available, as needed on a timely basis, to such headquarters to the same extent as such equipment is made available to any other district headquarters.
The Commissioner of Customs 1 shall notify the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives at least 180 days prior to taking any action which would—
(A) result in any significant reduction in force of employees other than by means of attrition;
(B) result in any significant reduction in hours of operation or services rendered at any office of the United States Customs Service or any port of entry;
(C) eliminate or relocate any office of the United States Customs Service;
(D) eliminate any port of entry; or
(E) significantly reduce the number of employees assigned to any office of the United States Customs Service or any port of entry.
(3) The total number of employees of the United States Customs Service shall be equivalent to at least 17,174 full-time employees.
Resource Allocation Model
Resource Allocation Model
Not later than June 30, 2007, and every 2 years thereafter, the Commissioner shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a Resource Allocation Model to determine the optimal staffing levels required to carry out the commercial operations of United States Customs and Border Protection, including commercial inspection and release of cargo and the revenue functions described in section 212(b)(2) of title 6. The Model shall comply with the requirements of section 212(b)(1) of such title and shall take into account previous staffing models, historic and projected trade volumes, and trends. The Resource Allocation Model shall apply both risk-based and random sampling approaches for determining adequate staffing needs for priority trade functions, including—
(A) performing revenue functions;
(B) enforcing antidumping and countervailing duty laws;
(C) protecting intellectual property rights;
(D) enforcing provisions of law relating to trade in textiles and apparel;
(E) conducting agricultural inspections;
(F) enforcing fines, penalties, and forfeitures; and
(G) facilitating trade.
Not later than September 30, 2007, the Commissioner shall ensure that the requirements of section 212(b) of title 6 are fully satisfied and shall report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives regarding the implementation of this subparagraph.
Customs and Border Protection Officers
The initial Resource Allocation Model required pursuant to paragraph (1) shall provide for the hiring of a minimum of 200 additional Customs and Border Protection Officers per year for each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2012. The Commissioner shall hire such additional Officers subject to the appropriation of funds to pay for the salaries and expenses of such Officers. In assigning the 1,000 additional Officers authorized by this subparagraph, the Commissioner shall—
(i) consider the volume of trade and the incidence of nonvoluntarily disclosed customs and trade law violations in addition to security priorities among United States ports of entry; and
(ii) before October 1, 2010, assign at least 10 additional Officers among each service port and the ports of entry serviced by such service port, except as provided in subparagraph (C).
In assigning such Officers pursuant to subparagraph (B), the Commissioner shall consult with the port directors of each service port and the other ports of entry serviced by such service port. The Commissioner shall not assign an Officer to a port of entry pursuant to subparagraph (B)(ii) if the port director of the service port that services such port of entry certifies to the Commissioner that an additional Officer is not needed at such port of entry.
Not later than 60 days after the beginning of each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2012, the Commissioner shall submit a report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, that describes how the additional Officers authorized under subparagraph (B) will be allocated among the ports of entry in the United States in accordance with subparagraph (C).
Authorization of appropriations
In addition to any monies hereafter appropriated to United States Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security, there are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of meeting the requirements of paragraph (2)(B), to remain available until expended—
(A) $36,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(C) $118,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;
(D) $165,000,000 for fiscal year 2011; and
(E) $217,000,000 for fiscal year 2012.
Not later than 30 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Commissioner shall report to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives on the resources directed to commercial and trade facilitation functions within the Office of Field Operations for the preceding fiscal year. Such information shall be reported for each category of personnel within the Office of Field Operations.
Regulations to implement trade agreements
Not later than 30 days after October 13, 2006, the Commissioner shall designate and maintain not less than 5 attorneys within the Office of International Trade established pursuant to section 2072 of this title, with responsibility for the prompt development and promulgation of regulations necessary to implement any trade agreement entered into by the United States, in addition to any other responsibilities assigned by the Commissioner.
In this subsection, the term “Commissioner” means the Commissioner responsible for United States Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security.
(Pub. L. 95–410, title III, § 301, Oct. 3, 1978, 92 Stat. 905; Pub. L. 97–456, § 2, Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2503; Pub. L. 98–573, title VII, § 702, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3043; Pub. L. 99–272, title XIII, § 13022(a), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 305; Pub. L. 99–509, title VIII, § 8102, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1967; Pub. L. 99–570, title III, § 3141(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–92; Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9503(a), (b), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–380, 1330–381; Pub. L. 100–690, title VII, § 7361(a), (b), Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4474; Pub. L. 101–207, § 3(a), Dec. 7, 1989, 103 Stat. 1833; Pub. L. 101–382, title I, § 102, Aug. 20, 1990, 104 Stat. 634; Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title III, § 311(a), (b)(1), (c), (d), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 973; Pub. L. 109–347, title IV, § 403, Oct. 13, 2006, 120 Stat. 1926; Pub. L. 114–125, title VIII, § 802(d)(2), Feb. 24, 2016, 130 Stat. 210.)