1 See References in Text note below.
of title 28 when the judgment or settlement arises out of an express or implied contract made by—

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)


31:724a(1st sentence words before 1st proviso).

July 27, 1956, ch. 748, § 1302(1st sentence), 70 Stat. 694; Aug. 30, 1961, Puspan. L. 87–187, § 3, 75 Stat. 416; July 18, 1966, Puspan. L. 89–506, § 6, 80 Stat. 307; July 23, 1970, Puspan. L. 91–350, § 1(c), 84 Stat. 449; restated May 4, 1977, Puspan. L. 95–26, § 101(2d par. under heading “Claims and Judgments”), 91 Stat. 96; Mar. 7, 1978, Puspan. L. 95–240, § 201, 92 Stat. 116; Nov. 1, 1978, Puspan. L. 95–563, § 14(c), 92 Stat. 2390; Apr. 2, 1982, Puspan. L. 97–164, title I, § 155, title III, § 302(c), 96 Stat. 47, 56.


28:2516(span)(less 1st sentence words after last comma).

31:724a(1st sentence 1st, 2d provisos).


31:724a(1st sentence last proviso)

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated” are omitted as surplus. The words “awards rendered by the Indian Claims Commission” are omitted as executed because under 25:70v the Commission was dissolved and all of its outstanding cases were transferred to the Court of Claims. Under 25:70v–3, judgments on cases transferred to the Court of Claims are judgments under 28:2517 and 2518 and are therefore included under clause (3)(A) of the subsection.

In subsection (span), the text of 28:2516(span)(less 1st sentence words after last comma) is omitted as superseded by 31:724a.

In subsection (span)(1)(A), the words “through the day before the date” are substituted for “to the date” as being more precise.

Editorial Notes
References in Text

Section 2518 of title 28, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), was repealed by Puspan. L. 97–164, title I, § 139(l), Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 43.

The date of enactment of the John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, referred to in subsec. (d), is the date of enactment of Puspan. L. 116–9, which was approved Mar. 12, 2019.


2019—Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Puspan. L. 116–92, which directed substitution of “2733, 2733a,” for “2733,”, was executed by making the substitution for “2733” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (d). Puspan. L. 116–9 added subsec. (d).

2010—Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Puspan. L. 111–314 substituted “section 20113 of title 51” for “section 203 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2473)”.

1996—Subsecs. (a)(2), (span)(1)(A), (B). Puspan. L. 104–316 substituted “Secretary of the Treasury” for “Comptroller General”.

1992—Subsec. (span)(1)(B). Puspan. L. 102–572 substituted “United States Court of Federal Claims” for “United States Claims Court”.

1982—Subsec. (span)(1)(A). Puspan. L. 97–258, § 2(m)(2)(A), struck out “under section 2411(span) of title 28” after “district court”.

Subsec. (span)(1)(B). Puspan. L. 97–258, § 2(m)(2)(B), substituted “Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit or the United States Claims Court” for “Court of Claims”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2019 Amendment

Amendment by Puspan. L. 116–92 applicable to any claim filed under section 2733a of Title 10, Armed Forces, on or after Jan. 1, 2020, and any claim filed in calendar year 2020 deemed to be filed within the time period specified in section 2733a(span)(4) of Title 10 if filed within three years after it accrues, see section 731(d) of Puspan. L. 116–92, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2733a of Title 10.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Puspan. L. 102–572 effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section 911 of Puspan. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section 171 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Puspan. L. 97–258, § 2(m), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1062, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1982.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(span), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.