View all text of Subchapter I [§ 400 - § 430]

§ 426g.
Storm and hurricane restoration and impact minimization program
(a)
Construction of small shore and beach restoration and protection projects
(1)
In general

The Secretary may carry out a program for the construction of small shore and beach restoration and protection projects not specifically authorized by Congress that otherwise comply with section 426e of this title if the Secretary determines that such construction is advisable.

(2)
Local cooperation

The local cooperation requirement of section 426e of this title shall apply to a project under this section.

(3)
Completeness
A project under this subsection—
(A) shall be complete; and
(B)
shall not commit the United States to any additional improvement to ensure the successful operation of the project; except for participation in periodic beach nourishment in accordance with—
(i)section 426e of this title; and
(ii) the procedure for projects authorized after submission of a survey report.
(b)
National shoreline erosion control development and demonstration program
(1)
In general

The Secretary shall conduct under the program authorized by subsection (a) a national shoreline erosion control development and demonstration program (referred to in this section as the “demonstration program”).

(2)
Requirements
(A)
In general
The demonstration program shall include provisions for—
(i) projects consisting of planning, design, construction, and monitoring of prototype engineered and native and naturalized vegetative shoreline erosion control devices and methods;
(ii) monitoring of the applicable prototypes;
(iii) detailed engineering and environmental reports on the results of each project carried out under the demonstraton 1
1 So in original. Probably should be “demonstration”.
program; and
(iv) technology transfers, as appropriate, to private property owners, State and local entities, nonprofit educational institutions, and nongovernmental organizations.
(B)
Determination of feasibility

A project under the demonstration program shall not be carried out until the Secretary determines that the project is feasible.

(C)
Emphasis
A project under the demonstration program shall emphasize, to the maximum extent practicable—
(i) the development and demonstration of innovative technologies;
(ii) efficient designs to prevent erosion at a shoreline site, taking into account the lifecycle cost of the design, including cleanup, maintenance, and amortization;
(iii) new and enhanced shore protection project design and project formulation tools the purposes of which are to improve the physical performance, and lower the lifecycle costs, of the projects;
(iv) natural designs, including the use of native and naturalized vegetation or temporary structures that minimize permanent structural alterations to the shoreline;
(v) the avoidance of negative impacts to adjacent shorefront communities;
(vi) in areas with substantial residential or commercial interests located adjacent to the shoreline, designs that do not impair the aesthetic appeal of the interests;
(vii) the potential for long-term protection afforded by the technology; and
(viii)
recommendations developed from evaluations of the program established under the Shoreline Erosion Control Demonstration Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 1962–5 note),2
2 See References in Text note below.
including—
(I) adequate consideration of the subgrade;(II) proper filtration;(III) durable components;(IV) adequate connection between units; and(V) consideration of additional relevant information.
(D)
Sites
(i)
In general
Each project under the demonstration program may be carried out at—
(I) a privately owned site with substantial public access; or(II) a publicly owned site on open coast or in tidal waters.
(ii)
Selection
The Secretary shall develop criteria for the selection of sites for projects under the demonstration program, including criteria based on—
(I) a variety of geographic and climatic conditions;(II) the size of the population that is dependent on the beaches for recreation or the protection of private property or public infrastructure;(III) the rate of erosion;(IV) significant natural resources or habitats and environmentally sensitive areas; and(V) significant threatened historic structures or landmarks.
(3)
Consultation
The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration program in consultation with—
(A) the Secretary of Agriculture, particularly with respect to native and naturalized vegetative means of preventing and controlling shoreline erosion;
(B) Federal, State, and local agencies;
(C) private organizations;
(D) the Coastal Engineering Research Center established by section 426–1 of this title; and
(E) applicable university research facilities.
(4)
Completion of demonstration
After carrying out the initial construction and evaluation of the performance and cost of a project under the demonstration program, the Secretary may—
(A) amend, at the request of a non-Federal interest of the project, the partnership agreement for a federally authorized shore protection project in existence on the date on which initial construction of the project under the demonstration program is complete to incorporate the project constructed under the demonstration program as a feature of the shore protection project, with the future cost sharing of the project constructed under the demonstration program to be determined by the project purposes of the shore protection project; or
(B) transfer all interest in and responsibility for the completed project constructed under the demonstration program to a non-Federal interest or another Federal agency.
(5)
Agreements
The Secretary may enter into a partnership agreement with the non-Federal interest or a cooperative agreement with the head of another Federal agency under the demonstration program—
(A) to share the costs of construction, operation, maintenance, and monitoring of a project under the demonstration program;
(B) to share the costs of removing the project, or element of the project if the Secretary determines that the project or element of the project is detrimental to public or private property, public infrastructure, or public safety; or
(C) to specify ownership of the completed project if the Secretary determines that the completed project will not be part of a Corps of Engineers project.
(6)
Report
Not later than December 31, 2008, and every 3 years thereafter, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report describing—
(A) the activities carried out and accomplishments made under the demonstration program since the previous report under this paragraph; and
(B) any recommendations of the Secretary relating to the program.
(c)
Authorization of appropriations
(1)
In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may expend, from any appropriations made available to the Secretary for the purpose of carrying out civil works, not more than $37,500,000 during any fiscal year to pay the Federal share of the costs of construction of small shore and beach restoration and protection projects or small projects under this section.

(2)
Limitation
The total amount expended for a project under this section shall—
(A) be sufficient to pay the cost of Federal participation in the project (including periodic nourishment as provided for under section 426e of this title), as determined by the Secretary; and
(B) be not more than $10,000,000.
(Aug. 13, 1946, ch. 960, § 3, 60 Stat. 1056; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, § 205(a), 61 Stat. 501; July 28, 1956, ch. 768, 70 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 87–874, title I, § 103(a)(4), Oct. 23, 1962, 76 Stat. 1178; Pub. L. 89–298, title III, § 310(b), Oct. 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 1095; Pub. L. 91–611, title I, § 112(b), Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1821; Pub. L. 99–662, title IX, § 915(e), Nov. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 4191; Pub. L. 104–303, title II, § 227(e)(2)(C), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 106–53, title II, § 226, Aug. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 298; Pub. L. 110–114, title II, § 2038(a), Nov. 8, 2007, 121 Stat. 1097; Pub. L. 114–322, title I, § 1167, Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1670; Pub. L. 115–270, title I, § 1157(a), Oct. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 3793.)