View all text of Chapter 13 [§ 1751 - § 1769j]

§ 1760.
Miscellaneous provisions
(a)
Accounts and records

States, State educational agencies, and schools participating in the school lunch program under this chapter shall keep such accounts and records as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to determine whether the provisions of this chapter are being complied with. Such accounts and records shall be available at any reasonable time for inspection and audit by representatives of the Secretary and shall be preserved for such period of time, not in excess of five years, as the Secretary determines is necessary.

(b)
Agreements
(1)
In general

The Secretary shall incorporate, in the agreement of the Secretary with the State agencies administering programs authorized under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.), the express requirements with respect to the operation of the programs to the extent applicable and such other provisions as in the opinion of the Secretary are reasonably necessary or appropriate to effectuate the purposes of this chapter and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).

(2)
Expectations for use of funds
Agreements described in paragraph (1) shall include a provision that—
(A) supports full use of Federal funds provided to State agencies for the administration of programs authorized under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.); and
(B)
excludes the Federal funds from State budget restrictions or limitations including, at a minimum—
(i) hiring freezes;
(ii) work furloughs; and
(iii) travel restrictions.
(c)
Requirements with respect to teaching personnel, curriculum, instruction, etc.

In carrying out the provisions of this chapter, the Secretary shall not impose any requirement with respect to teaching personnel, curriculum, instruction, methods of instruction, and materials of instruction in any school.

(d)
Definitions
For the purposes of this chapter—
(1)
Child.—
(A)
In general.—
The term “child” includes an individual, regardless of age, who—
(i) is determined by a State educational agency, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, to have one or more disabilities; and
(ii) is attending any institution, as defined in section 1766(a) of this title, or any nonresidential public or nonprofit private school of high school grade or under, for the purpose of participating in a school program established for individuals with disabilities.
(B)
Relationship to child and adult care food program.—
No institution that is not otherwise eligible to participate in the program under section 1766 of this title shall be considered eligible because of this paragraph.
(2) “Commodity only schools” means schools that do not participate in the school lunch program under this chapter, but which receive commodities made available by the Secretary for use by such schools in nonprofit lunch programs.
(3)
Disability.—
The term “disability” has the meaning given the term in the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 for purposes of title II of that Act (29 U.S.C 760 et seq.).
(4)
Local educational agency.—
(A)
In general.—
The term “local educational agency” has the meaning given the term in section 7801 of title 20.
(B)
Inclusion.—
The term “local educational agency” includes, in the case of a private nonprofit school, an appropriate entity determined by the Secretary.
(5) “School” means (A) any public or nonprofit private school of high school grade or under, and (B) any public or licensed nonprofit private residential child care institution (including, but not limited to, orphanages and homes for the mentally retarded, but excluding Job Corps Centers funded by the Department of Labor). For purposes of this paragraph, the term “nonprofit”, when applied to any such private school or institution, means any such school or institution which is exempt from tax under section 501(c)(3) of title 26.
(6) “School year” means the annual period from July 1 through June 30.
(7) “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(8) “State” means any of the fifty States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
(9) “State educational agency” means, as the State legislature may determine, (A) the chief State school officer (such as the State superintendent of public instruction, commissioner of education, or similar officer), or (B) a board of education controlling the State department of education.
(e)
Value of assistance as income or resources under Federal or State laws

The value of assistance to children under this chapter shall not be considered to be income or resources for any purposes under any Federal or State laws, including laws relating to taxation and welfare and public assistance programs.

(f)
Adjustment of national average payment rate for Alaska, Hawaii, territories and possessions, etc.

In providing assistance for breakfasts, lunches, suppers, and supplements served in Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Secretary may establish appropriate adjustments for each such State to the national average payment rates prescribed under sections 1753, 1759a, 1761, and 1766 of this title and section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 [42 U.S.C. 1773], to reflect the differences between the costs of providing meals and supplements in those States and the costs of providing meals and supplements in all other States.

(g)
Criminal penalties

Whoever embezzles, willfully misapplies, steals, or obtains by fraud any funds, assets, or property that are the subject of a grant or other form of assistance under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 [42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.], whether received directly or indirectly from the United States Department of Agriculture, or whoever receives, conceals, or retains such funds, assets, or property to personal use or gain, knowing such funds, assets, or property have been embezzled, willfully misapplied, stolen, or obtained by fraud shall, if such funds, assets, or property are of the value of $100 or more, be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, or, if such funds, assets, or property are of a value of less than $100, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.

(h)
Combined allocation for breakfast and lunch

No provision of this chapter or of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 [42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.] shall require any school receiving funds under this chapter and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to account separately for the cost incurred in the school lunch and school breakfast programs.

(i)
Use of school lunch facilities for elderly programs

Facilities, equipment, and personnel provided to a school food authority for a program authorized under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 [42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.] may be used, as determined by a local educational agency, to support a nonprofit nutrition program for the elderly, including a program funded under the Older Americans Act of 1965 [42 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.].

(j)
Reimbursement for final claims
(1)
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary may provide reimbursements for final claims for service of meals, supplements, and milk submitted to State agencies by eligible schools, summer camps, family day care homes, institutions, and service institutions only if—
(A) the claims have been submitted to the State agencies not later than 60 days after the last day of the month for which the reimbursement is claimed; and
(B) the final program operations report for the month is submitted to the Secretary not later than 90 days after the last day of the month.
(2) The Secretary may waive the requirements of paragraph (1) at the discretion of the Secretary.
(k)
Repealed. Pub. L. 111–296, title IV, § 441(a)(4), Dec. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 3261
(l)
Waiver of statutory and regulatory requirements
(1)
(A)
Except as provided in paragraph (4), the Secretary may waive any requirement under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.), or any regulation issued under either this chapter or such Act, for a State or eligible service provider that requests a waiver if—
(i) the Secretary determines that the waiver of the requirement would facilitate the ability of the State or eligible service provider to carry out the purpose of the program;
(ii) the State or eligible service provider has provided notice and information to the public regarding the proposed waiver; and
(iii) the State or eligible service provider demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the waiver will not increase the overall cost of the program to the Federal Government, and, if the waiver does increase the overall cost to the Federal Government, the cost will be paid from non-Federal funds.
(B) The notice and information referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be provided in the same manner in which the State or eligible service provider customarily provides similar notices and information to the public.
(2)
(A)
To request a waiver under paragraph (1), a State or eligible service provider (through the appropriate administering State agency) shall submit an application to the Secretary that—
(i) identifies the statutory or regulatory requirements that are requested to be waived;
(ii) in the case of a State requesting a waiver, describes actions, if any, that the State has undertaken to remove State statutory or regulatory barriers;
(iii) describes the goal of the waiver to improve services under the program and the expected outcomes if the waiver is granted; and
(iv) includes a description of the impediments to the efficient operation and administration of the program.
(B) An application described in subparagraph (A) shall be developed by the State or eligible service provider and shall be submitted to the Secretary by the State.
(3)
(4)
The Secretary may not grant a waiver under this subsection that increases Federal costs or that relates to—
(A) the nutritional content of meals served;
(B) Federal reimbursement rates;
(C) the provision of free and reduced price meals;
(D) limits on the price charged for a reduced price meal;
(E) maintenance of effort;
(F) equitable participation of children in private schools;
(G) distribution of funds to State and local school food service authorities and service institutions participating in a program under this chapter and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.);
(H) the disclosure of information relating to students receiving free or reduced price meals and other recipients of benefits;
(I) prohibiting the operation of a profit producing program;
(J) the sale of competitive foods;
(K) the commodity distribution program under section 1762a of this title;
(L) the special supplemental nutrition program authorized under section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786); or
(M)
enforcement of any constitutional or statutory right of an individual, including any right under—
(i) title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.);
(ii) section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794);
(iii) title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.);
(iv) the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.);
(v) the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.); and
(vi) the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.).
(5) The Secretary shall periodically review the performance of any State or eligible service provider for which the Secretary has granted a waiver under this subsection and shall terminate the waiver if the performance of the State or service provider has been inadequate to justify a continuation of the waiver. The Secretary shall terminate the waiver if, after periodic review, the Secretary determines that the waiver has resulted in an increase in the overall cost of the program to the Federal Government and the increase has not been paid for in accordance with paragraph (1)(A)(iii).
(6)
The Secretary shall annually submit to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report—
(A) summarizing the use of waivers by the State and eligible service providers;
(B) describing whether the waivers resulted in improved services to children;
(C) describing the impact of the waivers on providing nutritional meals to participants; and
(D) describing how the waivers reduced the quantity of paperwork necessary to administer the program.
(7)
As used in this subsection, the term “eligible service provider” means—
(A) a local school food service authority;
(B) a service institution or private nonprofit organization described in section 1761 of this title; or
(C) a family or group day care home sponsoring organization described in section 1766 of this title.
(m)
Procurement training
(1)
In general

Subject to the availability of funds made available under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall provide technical assistance and training to States, State agencies, schools, and school food authorities in the procurement of goods and services for programs under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) (other than section 17 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1786)).

(2)
Buy American training

Activities carried out under paragraph (1) shall include technical assistance and training to ensure compliance with subsection (n).

(3)
Procuring safe foods

Activities carried out under paragraph (1) shall include technical assistance and training on procuring safe foods, including the use of model specifications for procuring safe foods.

(4)
Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2015, to remain available until expended.

(n)
Buy American
(1)
Definition of domestic commodity or product
In this subsection, the term “domestic commodity or product” means—
(A) an agricultural commodity that is produced in the United States; and
(B) a food product that is processed in the United States substantially using agricultural commodities that are produced in the United States.
(2)
Requirement
(A)
In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall require that a school food authority purchase, to the maximum extent practicable, domestic commodities or products.

(B)
Limitations
Subparagraph (A) shall apply only to—
(i) a school food authority located in the contiguous United States; and
(ii) a purchase of a domestic commodity or product for the school lunch program under this chapter or the school breakfast program under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).
(3)
Applicability to Hawaii

Paragraph (2)(A) shall apply to a school food authority in Hawaii with respect to domestic commodities or products that are produced in Hawaii in sufficient quantities to meet the needs of meals provided under the school lunch program under this chapter or the school breakfast program under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).

(4)
Applicability to Puerto Rico

Paragraph (2)(A) shall apply to a school food authority in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico with respect to domestic commodities or products that are produced in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in sufficient quantities to meet the needs of meals provided under the school lunch program under this chapter or the school breakfast program under section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).

(o)
Procurement contracts

In acquiring a good or service for programs under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) (other than section 17 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1786)), a State, State agency, school, or school food authority may enter into a contract with a person that has provided specification information to the State, State agency, school, or school food authority for use in developing contract specifications for acquiring such good or service.

(p)
Price for a paid lunch
(1)
Definition of paid lunch

In this subsection, the term “paid lunch” means a reimbursable lunch served to students who are not certified to receive free or reduced price meals.

(2)
Requirement
(A)
In general

For each school year beginning July 1, 2011, each school food authority shall establish a price for paid lunches in accordance with this subsection.

(B)
Lower price
(i)
In general
In the case of a school food authority that established a price for a paid lunch in the previous school year that was less than the difference between the total Federal reimbursement for a free lunch and the total Federal reimbursement for a paid lunch, the school food authority shall establish an average price for a paid lunch that is not less than the price charged in the previous school year, as adjusted by a percentage equal to the sum obtained by adding—
(I) 2 percent; and(II) the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (food away from home index) used to increase the Federal reimbursement rate under section 1759a of this title for the most recent school year for which data are available, as published in the Federal Register.
(ii)
Rounding

A school food authority may round the adjusted price for a paid lunch under clause (i) down to the nearest 5 cents.

(iii)
Maximum required price increase
(I)
In general

The maximum annual average price increase required to meet the requirements of this subparagraph shall not exceed 10 cents for any school food authority.

(II)
Discretionary increase

A school food authority may increase the average price for a paid lunch for a school year by more than 10 cents.

(C)
Equal or greater price
(i)
In general

In the case of a school food authority that established an average price for a paid lunch in the previous school year that was equal to or greater than the difference between the total Federal reimbursement for a free lunch and the total Federal reimbursement for a paid lunch, the school food authority shall establish an average price for a paid lunch that is not less than the difference between the total Federal reimbursement for a free lunch and the total Federal reimbursement for a paid lunch.

(ii)
Rounding

A school food authority may round the adjusted price for a paid lunch under clause (i) down to the nearest 5 cents.

(3)
Exceptions
(A)
Reduction in price
A school food authority may reduce the average price of a paid lunch established under this subsection if the State agency ensures that funding from non-Federal sources (other than in-kind contributions) is added to the nonprofit school food service account of the school food authority in an amount estimated to be equal to at least the difference between—
(i) the average price required of the school food authority for the paid lunches under paragraph (2); and
(ii) the average price charged by the school food authority for the paid lunches.
(B)
Non-Federal sources

For the purposes of subparagraph (A), non-Federal sources does not include revenue from the sale of foods sold in competition with meals served under the school lunch program authorized under this chapter or the school breakfast program established by section 4 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1773).

(C)
Other programs

This subsection shall not apply to lunches provided under section 1766 of this title.

(4)
Regulations

The Secretary shall establish procedures to carry out this subsection, including collecting and publishing the prices that school food authorities charge for paid meals on an annual basis and procedures that allow school food authorities to average the pricing of paid lunches at schools throughout the jurisdiction of the school food authority.

(q)
Nonprogram food sales
(1)
Definition of nonprogram food
In this subsection:
(A)
In general
The term “nonprogram food” means food that is—
(i) sold in a participating school other than a reimbursable meal provided under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.); and
(ii) purchased using funds from the nonprofit school food service account of the school food authority of the school.
(B)
Inclusion

The term “nonprogram food” includes food that is sold in competition with a program established under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).

(2)
Revenues
(A)
In general

The proportion of total school food service revenue provided by the sale of nonprogram foods to the total revenue of the school food service account shall be equal to or greater than the proportion of total food costs associated with obtaining nonprogram foods to the total costs associated with obtaining program and nonprogram foods from the account.

(B)
Accrual

All revenue from the sale of nonprogram foods shall accrue to the nonprofit school food service account of a participating school food authority.

(C)
Effective date

This subsection shall be effective beginning on July 1, 2011.

(r)
Disqualified schools, institutions, and individuals

Any school, institution, service institution, facility, or individual that has been terminated from any program authorized under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) and is on a list of disqualified institutions and individuals under section 1761 of this title or section 1766(d)(5)(E) of this title may not be approved to participate in or administer any program authorized under this chapter or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.).

(June 4, 1946, ch. 281, § 12, formerly § 11, 60 Stat. 233; July 12, 1952, ch. 699, § 1(c), 66 Stat. 591; Pub. L. 87–688, § 3(a), Sept. 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 587; renumbered § 12 and amended Pub. L. 87–823, § 5, Oct. 15, 1962, 76 Stat. 945; Pub. L. 91–248, § 1(b), May 14, 1970, 84 Stat. 208; Pub. L. 94–105, § 9, Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 514; Pub. L. 95–166, §§ 3, 19(c), Nov. 10, 1977, 91 Stat. 1332, 1345; Pub. L. 95–627, §§ 6(a), 10(a), (b), Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3620, 3623; Pub. L. 96–499, title II, § 205, Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2601; Pub. L. 97–35, title VIII, §§ 808(a), 813(d), 819(c), Aug. 13, 1981,