Functions of system
Under the system described in subsection (a), each State educational agency shall—
(A) require that local food service authorities comply with the nutritional requirements described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1); 2
2 So in original. Probably means subpars. (A) and (B) of par. (1) of subsec. (a).
(B) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure compliance through reasonable audits and supervisory assistance reviews;
in conducting audits and reviews for the purpose of determining compliance with this chapter, including the nutritional requirements of section 1758(f) of this title—
(i) conduct audits and reviews during a 3-year cycle or other period prescribed by the Secretary;
(ii) select schools for review in each local educational agency using criteria established by the Secretary;
(iii) report the final results of the reviews to the public in the State in an accessible, easily understood manner in accordance with guidelines promulgated by the Secretary; and
(iv) submit to the Secretary each year a report containing the results of the reviews in accordance with procedures developed by the Secretary; and
(D) when any local food service authority is reviewed under this section, ensure that the final results of the review by the State educational agency are posted and otherwise made available to the public on request in an accessible, easily understood manner in accordance with guidelines promulgated by the Secretary.
Minimization of additional duties
Each State educational agency shall coordinate the compliance and accountability activities described in paragraph (1) in a manner that minimizes the imposition of additional duties on local food service authorities.
Additional review requirement for selected local educational agencies
Definition of selected local educational agencies
In this paragraph, the term “selected local educational agency” means a local educational agency that has a demonstrated high level of, or a high risk for, administrative error, as determined by the Secretary.
Additional administrative review
In addition to any review required by subsection (a) or paragraph (1), each State educational agency shall conduct an administrative review of each selected local educational agency during the review cycle established under subsection (a).
Scope of review
In carrying out a review under subparagraph (B), a State educational agency shall only review the administrative processes of a selected local educational agency, including application, certification, verification, meal counting, and meal claiming procedures.
Results of review
If the State educational agency determines (on the basis of a review conducted under subparagraph (B)) that a selected local educational agency fails to meet performance criteria established by the Secretary, the State educational agency shall—
(i) require the selected local educational agency to develop and carry out an approved plan of corrective action;
(ii) except to the extent technical assistance is provided directly by the Secretary, provide technical assistance to assist the selected local educational agency in carrying out the corrective action plan; and
(iii) conduct a followup review of the selected local educational agency under standards established by the Secretary.
Retaining funds after administrative reviews
Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), if the local educational agency fails to meet administrative performance criteria established by the Secretary in both an initial review and a followup review under paragraph (1) or (3) or subsection (a), the Secretary may require the State educational agency to retain funds that would otherwise be paid to the local educational agency for school meals programs under procedures prescribed by the Secretary.
The amount of funds retained under subparagraph (A) shall equal the value of any overpayment made to the local educational agency or school food authority as a result of an erroneous claim during the time period described in subparagraph (C).
The period for determining the value of any overpayment under subparagraph (B) shall be the period—
(i) beginning on the date the erroneous claim was made; and
ending on the earlier of the date the erroneous claim is corrected or—(I) in the case of the first followup review conducted by the State educational agency of the local educational agency under this section after July 1, 2005, the date that is 60 days after the beginning of the period under clause (i); or(II) in the case of any subsequent followup review conducted by the State educational agency of the local educational agency under this section, the date that is 90 days after the beginning of the period under clause (i).
Use of retained funds
Subject to subparagraph (B), funds retained under paragraph (4) shall—
be returned to the Secretary, and may be used—(I) to provide training and technical assistance related to administrative practices designed to improve program integrity and administrative accuracy in school meals programs to State educational agencies and, to the extent determined by the Secretary, to local educational agencies and school food authorities;(II) to assist State educational agencies in reviewing the administrative practices of local educational agencies in carrying out school meals programs; and(III) to carry out section 1769b–1(f) of this title; or
(ii) be credited to the child nutrition programs appropriation account.
A State educational agency may retain not more than 25 percent of an amount recovered under paragraph (4), to carry out school meals program integrity initiatives to assist local educational agencies and school food authorities that have repeatedly failed, as determined by the Secretary, to meet administrative performance criteria.
To be eligible to retain funds under subparagraph (B), a State educational agency shall—
(i) submit to the Secretary a plan describing how the State educational agency will use the funds to improve school meals program integrity, including measures to give priority to local educational agencies from which funds were retained under paragraph (4);
(ii) consider using individuals who administer exemplary local food service programs in the provision of training and technical assistance; and
(iii) obtain the approval of the Secretary for the plan.
Eligibility determination review for selected local educational agencies
A local educational agency that has demonstrated a high level of, or a high risk for, administrative error associated with certification, verification, and other administrative processes, as determined by the Secretary, shall ensure that the initial eligibility determination for each application is reviewed for accuracy prior to notifying a household of the eligibility or ineligibility of the household for free or reduced price meals.
The review of initial eligibility determinations—
(i) shall be completed in a timely manner; and
(ii) shall not result in the delay of an eligibility determination for more than 10 operating days after the date on which the application is submitted.
Acceptable types of review
Subject to standards established by the Secretary, the system used to review eligibility determinations for accuracy shall be conducted by an individual or entity that did not make the initial eligibility determination.
Notification of household
Once the review of an eligibility determination has been completed under this paragraph, the household shall be notified immediately of the determination of eligibility or ineligibility for free or reduced price meals.
Local educational agencies
In accordance with procedures established by the Secretary, each local educational agency required to review initial eligibility determinations shall submit to the relevant State agency a report describing the results of the reviews, including—(I) the number and percentage of reviewed applications for which the eligibility determination was changed and the type of change made; and(II) such other information as the Secretary determines to be necessary.
In accordance with procedures established by the Secretary, each State agency shall submit to the Secretary a report describing the results of the reviews of initial eligibility determinations, including—(I) the number and percentage of reviewed applications for which the eligibility determination was changed and the type of change made; and(II) such other information as the Secretary determines to be necessary.
The Secretary shall publish annually the results of the reviews of initial eligibility determinations by State, number, percentage, and type of error.
Role of Secretary
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall—
(1) assist the State educational agency in the monitoring of programs conducted by local food service authorities; and
(2) through management evaluations, review the compliance of the State educational agency and the local school food service authorities with regulations issued under this chapter.
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated for purposes of carrying out the compliance and accountability activities referred to in subsection (c) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015.
(June 4, 1946, ch. 281, § 22, as added Pub. L. 101–147, title I, § 110(a), Nov. 10, 1989, 103 Stat. 889; amended Pub. L. 103–448, title I, § 121, Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4727; Pub. L. 105–336, title I, § 111, Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3157; Pub. L. 108–265, title I, §§ 126(b)(1), 127, June 30, 2004, 118 Stat. 763, 767; Pub. L. 111–296, title II, § 207, title III, §§ 303, 304, title IV, § 408, Dec. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 3220, 3240, 3242, 3260.)