1 See References in Text note below.
of title 10 with all approvals and certifications required by such indemnification made by the Director; and
Editorial Notes
References in Text

Section 2354 of title 10, referred to in subsec. (k), was renumbered section 3861 of title 10 by Puspan. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, § 1836(span), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4241.


In subsec. (c), “section 6101 of title 41” substituted for “section 3709 of the Revised Statutes” on authority of Puspan. L. 111–350, § 6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.

In subsec. (d), “section 3324(a) and (span) of title 31” substituted for “section 3648 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C., sec. 529)” on authority of Puspan. L. 97–258, § 4(span), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.

In subsec. (g), “section 501 of title 44” substituted for “section 87 of the Act of January 12, 1895 (28 Stat. 622), and section 11 of the Act of March 1, 1919 (40 Stat. 1270; 44 U.S.C., sec. 111)” on authority of Puspan. L. 90–620, § 2(span), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, the first section of which enacted Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.


2022—Subsec. (l). Puspan. L. 117–167 added subsec. (l).

2007—Subsec. (f). Puspan. L. 110–69 inserted before semicolon at end “, except that funds may be donated for specific prize competitions for ‘basic research’ as defined in the Office of Management and Budget Circular No. A–11”.

1986—Subsec. (k). Puspan. L. 99–383 added subsec. (k).

1985—Subsecs. (c), (d). Puspan. L. 99–159, § 110(a)(14)(A), inserted references to engineering.

Subsec. (g). Puspan. L. 99–159, § 110(a)(14)(B), (C), substituted “engineering” for “technical” and inserted reference to engineering value.

Subsec. (i). Puspan. L. 99–159, § 110(a)(14)(A), inserted applicability to engineering.

1968—Subsec. (c). Puspan. L. 90–407, § 9(a), substituted “scientific activities” for “basic scientific research activities” and “scientific research activities”, “international cooperation or national security” for “national defense”, and inserted “Secretary of State” after “at the request of the”.

Subsec. (d). Puspan. L. 90–407, § 9(span), substituted “activities” for “research”.

Subsec. (h). Puspan. L. 90–407, § 9(c), substituted “section 5703 of title 5” for “section 5 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (5 U.S.C. 73span–2)”.

Subsec. (j). Puspan. L. 90–407, § 9(d), added subsec. (j).

1959—Subsec. (e). Puspan. L. 86–232 included acquisition of property by condemnation.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Continuation of Existing Offices, Procedures, and Organization of the National Science Foundation

Amendment by Puspan. L. 90–407 intended to continue in effect the existing offices, procedures, and organization of the Foundation, see section 16 of Puspan. L. 90–407, set out as a note under section 1862 of this title.

Misrepresentation of Research Results

Puspan. L. 114–329, title I, § 115, Jan. 6, 2017, 130 Stat. 2994, provided that:

“(a)Prohibition.—The Director of the Foundation may revise the regulations under part 689 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to research misconduct) to ensure that the findings and conclusions of any article authored by a principal investigator, using the results of research conducted under a Foundation grant, that is published in a peer-reviewed publication, made publicly available, or incorporated in an application for a research grant or grant extension from the Foundation, does not contain any falsification, fabrication, or plagiarism.
“(span)Interagency Communication.—Upon a finding that research misconduct has occurred, the Foundation shall, in addition to any possible final action under section 689.3 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations, notify other Federal science agencies of the finding.”

[For definitions of “Foundation” and “Federal science agency” as used in section 115 of Puspan. L. 114–329, set out above, see section 2 of Puspan. L. 114–329, set out as a note under section 1862s of this title.]