1 See References in Text note below.
of this title, suspensions under subsection (f) or (g) (relating to temporary energy or economic authority), orders under
2 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.
effectiveness, need for revision, or implementation of any plan or plan revision required under this chapter.
Editorial Notes
References in Text

The Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (a)(3)(B), is Puspan. L. 93–319, June 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 246, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 16C (§ 791 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 791 of Title 15 and Tables.

Section 7413 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3)(C), (6), (f)(5), (g)(3), and (i), was amended generally by Puspan. L. 101–549, title VII, § 701, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2672, and, as so amended, subsecs. (d) and (e) of section 7413 no longer relates to final compliance orders and steel industry compliance extension, respectively.

Section 1857c–10 of this title, as in effect before August 7, 1977, referred to in subsecs. (f)(5) and (g)(3), was in the original “section 119, as in effect before the date of the enactment of this paragraph”, meaning section 119 of act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, title I, as added June 22, 1974, Puspan. L. 93–319, § 3, 88 Stat. 248, (which was classified to section 1857c–10 of this title) as in effect prior to the enactment of subsecs. (f)(5) and (g)(3) of this section by Puspan. L. 95–95, § 107, Aug. 7, 1977, 91 Stat. 691, effective Aug. 7, 1977. Section 112(span)(1) of Puspan. L. 95–95 repealed section 119 of act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, title I, as added by Puspan. L. 93–319, and provided that all references to such section 119 in any subsequent enactment which supersedes Puspan. L. 93–319 shall be construed to refer to section 113(d) of the Clean Air Act and to paragraph (5) thereof in particular which is classified to section 7413(d)(5) of this title. Section 7413 of this title was subsequently amended generally by Puspan. L. 101–549, title VII, § 701, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2672, see note above. Section 117(span) of Puspan. L. 95–95 added a new section 119 of act July 14, 1955, which is classified to section 7419 of this title.

Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 1857c–5 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 110 of act July 14, 1955, was renumbered section 117 by Puspan. L. 91–604 and is classified to section 7417 of this title.

Amendments

1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(8), substituted “3 years (or such shorter period as the Administrator may prescribe)” for “nine months” in two places.

Subsec. (a)(2). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(span), amended par. (2) generally, substituting present provisions for provisions setting the time within which the Administrator was to approve or disapprove a plan or portion thereof and listing the conditions under which the plan or portion thereof was to be approved after reasonable notice and hearing.

Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(1), struck out subpar. (A) which directed Administrator to approve any revision of an implementation plan if it met certain requirements and had been adopted by the State after reasonable notice and public hearings.

Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(1), struck out subpar. (D) which directed that certain implementation plans be revised to include comprehensive measures and requirements.

Subsec. (a)(4). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(2), struck out par. (4) which set forth requirements for review procedure.

Subsec. (c)(1). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 102(h), amended par. (1) generally, substituting present provisions for provisions relating to preparation and publication of regulations setting forth an implementation plan, after opportunity for a hearing, upon failure of a State to make required submission or revision.

Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(3)(A), struck out subpar. (A) which required a study and report on necessity of parking surcharge, management of parking supply, and preferential bus/carpool lane regulations to achieve and maintain national primary ambient air quality standards.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(3)(B), struck out subpar. (C) which authorized suspension of certain regulations and requirements relating to management of parking supply.

Subsec. (c)(4). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(3)(C), struck out par. (4) which permitted Governors to temporarily suspend measures in implementation plans relating to retrofits, gas rationing, and reduction of on-street parking.

Subsec. (c)(5)(B). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(3)(D), struck out “(including the written evidence required by part D),” after “include comprehensive measures”.

Subsec. (d). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(4), struck out subsec. (d) which defined an applicable implementation plan for purposes of this chapter.

Subsec. (e). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(5), struck out subsec. (e) which permitted an extension of time for attainment of a national primary ambient air quality standard.

Subsec. (f)(1). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 412, inserted “or of any requirement under section 7651j of this title (concerning excess emissions penalties or offsets)” in subpar. (A) and in last sentence.

Subsec. (g)(1). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(6), substituted “12 months of submission of the proposed plan revision” for “the required four month period” in closing provisions.

Subsec. (h)(1). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(d)(7), substituted “5 years after November 15, 1990, and every three years thereafter” for “one year after August 7, 1977, and annually thereafter” and struck out at end “Each such document shall be revised as frequently as practicable but not less often than annually.”

Subsecs. (k) to (n). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 101(c), added subsecs. (k) to (n).

Subsec. (o). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 107(c), added subsec. (o).

Subsec. (p). Puspan. L. 101–549, § 108(d), added subsec. (p).

1981—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Puspan. L. 97–23 inserted reference to extensions of compliance in decrees entered under section 7413(e) of this title (relating to iron- and steel-producing operations).

1977—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(1), substituted “(A) except as may be provided in subparagraph (I)(i) in the case of a plan” for “(A)(i) in the case of a plan”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(2), substituted “transportation controls, air quality maintenance plans, and preconstruction review of direct sources of air pollution as provided in subparagraph (D)” for “land use and transportation controls”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(3), substituted “it includes a program to provide for the enforcement of emission limitations and regulation of the modification, construction, and operation of any stationary source, including a permit program as required in parts C and D and a permit or equivalent program for any major emitting facility, within such region as necessary to assure (i) that national ambient air quality standards are achieved and maintained, and (ii) a procedure” for “it includes a procedure”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(4), substituted “it contains adequate provisions (i) prohibiting any stationary source within the State from emitting any air pollutant in amounts which will (I) prevent attainment or maintenance by any other State of any such national primary or secondary ambient air quality standard, or (II) interfere with measures required to be included in the applicable implementation plan for any other State under part C to prevent significant deterioration of air quality or to protect visibility, and (ii) insuring compliance with the requirements of section 7426 of this title, relating to interstate pollution abatement” for “it contains adequate provisions for intergovernmental cooperation, including measures necessary to insure that emissions of air pollutants from sources located in any air quality control region will not interfere with the attainment or maintenance of such primary or secondary standard in any portion of such region outside of such State or in any other air quality control region”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(F). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(5), added cl. (vi).

Subsec. (a)(2)(H). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(1), substituted “1977;” for “1977”.

Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(a)(6), inserted “except as provided in paragraph (3)(C),” after “or (ii)” and “or to otherwise comply with any additional requirements established under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977” after “to achieve the national ambient air quality primary or secondary standard which it implements”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(I). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(span), added subpar. (I).

Subsec. (a)(2)(J). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(2), substituted “; and” for “, and”.

Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(span), added subpar. (J).

Subsec. (a)(2)(K). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(span) added subpar. (K).

Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(c), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(4), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (a)(5). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(e), added par. (5).

Subsec. (a)(5)(D). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(3), struck out “preconstruction or premodification” before “review”.

Subsec. (a)(6). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(e), added par. (6).

Subsec. (c)(1). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(d)(1), (2), substituted “plan which meets the requirements of this section” for “plan for any national ambient air quality primary or secondary standard within the time prescribed” in subpar. (A) and, in provisions following subpar. (C), directed that any portion of a plan relating to any measure described in first sentence of 7421 of this title (relating to consultation) or the consultation process required under such section 7421 of this title not be required to be promulgated before the date eight months after such date required for submission.

Subsec. (c)(3) to (5). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(d)(3), added pars. (3) to (5).

Subsec. (d). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(f), substituted “and which implements the requirements of this section” for “and which implements a national primary or secondary ambient air quality standard in a State”.

Subsec. (f). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 107(a), substituted provisions relating to the handling of national or regional energy emergencies for provisions relating to the postponement of compliance by stationary sources or classes of moving sources with any requirement of applicable implementation plans.

Subsec. (g). Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(g), added subsec. (g) relating to publication of comprehensive document.

Puspan. L. 95–95, § 107(span), added subsec. (g) relating to Governor’s authority to issue temporary emergency suspensions.

Subsec. (h). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(5), redesignated subsec. (g), added by Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(g), as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Puspan. L. 95–190, § 14(a)(5), redesignated subsec. (h), added by Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(g), as (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j) and amended.

Subsec. (j). Puspan. L. 95–190 § 14(a)(5), (6), redesignated subsec. (i), added by Puspan. L. 95–95, § 108(g), as (j) and in subsec. (j) as so redesignated, substituted “will enable such source” for “at such source will enable it”.

1974—Subsec. (a)(3). Puspan. L. 93–319, § 4(a), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (c). Puspan. L. 93–319, § 4(span), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and existing pars. (1), (2), and (3) as subpars. (A), (B), and (C), respectively, of such redesignated par. (1), and added par. (2).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 1977 Amendment

Amendment by Puspan. L. 95–95 effective Aug. 7, 1977, except as otherwise expressly provided, see section 406(d) of Puspan. L. 95–95, set out as a note under section 7401 of this title.

Pending Actions and Proceedings

Suits, actions, and other proceedings lawfully commenced by or against the Administrator or any other officer or employee of the United States in his official capacity or in relation to the discharge of his official duties under act July 14, 1955, the Clean Air Act, as in effect immediately prior to the enactment of Puspan. L. 95–95 [Aug. 7, 1977], not to abate by reason of the taking effect of Puspan. L. 95–95, see section 406(a) of Puspan. L. 95–95, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under section 7401 of this title.

Modification or Rescission of Rules, Regulations, Orders, Determinations, Contracts, Certifications, Authorizations, Delegations, and Other Actions

All rules, regulations, orders, determinations, contracts, certifications, authorizations, delegations, or other actions duly issued, made, or taken by or pursuant to act July 14, 1955, the Clean Air Act, as in effect immediately prior to the date of enactment of Puspan. L. 95–95 [Aug. 7, 1977] to continue in full force and effect until modified or rescinded in accordance with act July 14, 1955, as amended by Puspan. L. 95–95 [this chapter], see section 406(span) of Puspan. L. 95–95, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under section 7401 of this title.

Modification or Rescission of Implementation Plans Approved and In Effect Prior to Aug. 7, 1977

Nothing in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 [Puspan. L. 95–95] to affect any requirement of an approved implementation plan under this section or any other provision in effect under this chapter before Aug. 7, 1977, until modified or rescinded in accordance with this chapter as amended by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, see section 406(c) of Puspan. L. 95–95, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under section 7401 of this title.

Savings Provision

Puspan. L. 91–604, § 16, Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1713, provided that:

“(a)
(1) Any implementation plan adopted by any State and submitted to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, or to the Administrator pursuant to the Clean Air Act [this chapter] prior to enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 1970] may be approved under section 110 of the Clean Air Act [this section] (as amended by this Act) [Puspan. L. 91–604] and shall remain in effect, unless the Administrator determines that such implementation plan, or any portion thereof, is not consistent with applicable requirements of the Clean Air Act [this chapter] (as amended by this Act) and will not provide for the attainment of national primary ambient air quality standards in the time required by such Act. If the Administrator so determines, he shall, within 90 days after promulgation of any national ambient air quality standards pursuant to section 109(a) of the Clean Air Act [section 7409(a) of this title], notify the State and specify in what respects changes are needed to meet the additional requirements of such Act, including requirements to implement national secondary ambient air quality standards. If such changes are not adopted by the State after public hearings and within six months after such notification, the Administrator shall promulgate such changes pursuant to section 110(c) of such Act [subsec. (c) of this section].
“(2) The amendments made by section 4(span) [amending sections 7403 and 7415 of this title] shall not be construed as repealing or modifying the powers of the Administrator with respect to any conference convened under section 108(d) of the Clean Air Act [section 7415 of this title] before the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 1970].
“(span) Regulations or standards issued under this title II of the Clean Air Act [subchapter II of this chapter] prior to the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 1970] shall continue in effect until revised by the Administrator consistent with the purposes of such Act [this chapter].”

Federal Energy Administrator

“Federal Energy Administrator”, for purposes of this chapter, to mean Administrator of Federal Energy Administration established by Puspan. L. 93–275, May 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 97, which is classified to section 761 et seq. of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, but with the term to mean any officer of the United States designated as such by the President until Federal Energy Administrator takes office and after Federal Energy Administration ceases to exist, see section 798 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

Federal Energy Administration terminated and functions vested by law in Administrator thereof transferred to Secretary of Energy (unless otherwise specifically provided) by sections 7151(a) and 7293 of this title.