United States Code
USC most recently checked for updates: May 28, 2020
Procedure for hearing and determination
A civil action under this chapter shall proceed and be heard and determined according to the principles of law and the rules of practice applicable in like cases between private parties.
The action may proceed according to the principles of an action in rem if—
the plaintiff elects in the complaint; and
it appears that an action in rem could have been maintained had the vessel or cargo been privately owned and possessed.
An election under paragraph (1) does not prevent the plaintiff from seeking relief in personam in the same action.
cite as: 46 USC 30907