1 See References in Text note below.
with respect to the candidate shall be tripled;
Editorial Notes
References in Text

Subsections (a)(1)(A), (3), and (d), referred to in subsec. (a)(1), probably mean subsections (a)(1)(A), (3), and (d) of section 30116 of this title.


Section was formerly classified to section 441a–1 of Title 2, The Congress, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section.


For information regarding the constitutionality of section 315A of Puspan. L. 92–225, as added by section 319(a) of Puspan. L. 107–155, see the Table of Laws Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court on the Constitution Annotated website, constitution.congress.gov.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date

Section effective Nov. 6, 2002, but not applicable with respect to runoff elections, recounts, or election contests resulting from elections held prior to Nov. 6, 2002, see section 402 of Puspan. L. 107–155, set out as an Effective Date of 2002 Amendment; Regulations note under section 30101 of this title.