Marketing assistance loans and loan deficiency payments for peanuts
Nonrecourse loans available
For each of the 2008 through 2012 crops of peanuts, the Secretary shall make available to producers on a farm nonrecourse marketing assistance loans for peanuts produced on the farm.
Terms and conditions
The loans shall be made under terms and conditions that are prescribed by the Secretary and at the loan rate established under subsection (b).
The producers on a farm shall be eligible for a marketing assistance loan under this subsection for any quantity of peanuts produced on the farm.
Options for obtaining loan
A marketing assistance loan under this subsection, and loan deficiency payments under subsection (e), may be obtained at the option of the producers on a farm through—
(A) a designated marketing association or marketing cooperative of producers that is approved by the Secretary; or
(B) the Farm Service Agency.
Storage of loan peanuts
As a condition on the Secretary’s approval of an individual or entity to provide storage for peanuts for which a marketing assistance loan is made under this section, the individual or entity shall agree—
(A) to provide such storage on a nondiscriminatory basis; and
(B) to comply with such additional requirements as the Secretary considers appropriate to accomplish the purposes of this section and promote fairness in the administration of the benefits of this section.
Storage, handling, and associated costs
Beginning with the 2008 crop of peanuts, to ensure proper storage of peanuts for which a loan is made under this section, the Secretary shall pay handling and other associated costs (other than storage costs) incurred at the time at which the peanuts are placed under loan, as determined by the Secretary.
Redemption and forfeiture
The Secretary shall—
(i) require the repayment of handling and other associated costs paid under subparagraph (A) for all peanuts pledged as collateral for a loan that is redeemed under this section; and
(ii) pay storage, handling, and other associated costs for all peanuts pledged as collateral that are forfeited under this section.
A marketing association or cooperative may market peanuts for which a loan is made under this section in any manner that conforms to consumer needs, including the separation of peanuts by type and quality.
Except as provided in section 8715 1
1 See References in Text note below. of this title, the loan rate for a marketing assistance loan for peanuts under subsection (a) shall be equal to $355 per ton.
Term of loan
A marketing assistance loan for peanuts under subsection (a) shall have a term of 9 months beginning on the first day of the first month after the month in which the loan is made.
The Secretary shall permit producers on a farm to repay a marketing assistance loan for peanuts under subsection (a) at a rate that is the lesser of—
(A) the loan rate established for peanuts under subsection (b), plus interest (determined in accordance with section 7283 of this title); or
a rate that the Secretary determines will—
(i) minimize potential loan forfeitures;
(ii) minimize the accumulation of stocks of peanuts by the Federal Government;
(iii) minimize the cost incurred by the Federal Government in storing peanuts; and
(iv) allow peanuts produced in the United States to be marketed freely and competitively, both domestically and internationally.
Authority to temporarily adjust repayment rates
In the event of a severe disruption to marketing, transportation, or related infrastructure, the Secretary may modify the repayment rate otherwise applicable under this subsection for marketing assistance loans for peanuts under subsection (a).
An adjustment made under subparagraph (A) in the repayment rate for marketing assistance loans for peanuts shall be in effect on a short-term and temporary basis, as determined by the Secretary.
Loan deficiency payments
The Secretary may make loan deficiency payments available to producers on a farm that, although eligible to obtain a marketing assistance loan for peanuts under subsection (a), agree to forgo obtaining the loan for the peanuts in return for loan deficiency payments under this subsection.
A loan deficiency payment under this subsection shall be computed by multiplying—
(A) the payment rate determined under paragraph (3) for peanuts; by
(B) the quantity of the peanuts produced by the producers, excluding any quantity for which the producers obtain a marketing assistance loan under subsection (a).
For purposes of this subsection, the payment rate shall be the amount by which—
(A) the loan rate established under subsection (b); exceeds
(B) the rate at which a loan may be repaid under subsection (d).
Effective date for payment rate determination
The Secretary shall determine the amount of the loan deficiency payment to be made under this subsection to the producers on a farm with respect to a quantity of peanuts using the payment rate in effect under paragraph (3) as of the date the producers request the payment.
Compliance with conservation and wetlands requirements
As a condition of the receipt of a marketing assistance loan under subsection (a), the producer shall comply with applicable conservation requirements under subtitle B of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3811 et seq.) and applicable wetland protection requirements under subtitle C of title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3821 et seq.) during the term of the loan.
Reimbursable agreements and payment of administrative expenses
The Secretary may implement any reimbursable agreements or provide for the payment of administrative expenses under this subchapter only in a manner that is consistent with such activities in regard to other commodities.
(Pub. L. 110–234, title I, § 1307, May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 974; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title I, § 1307, June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1703.)